Wendy Carlos

~ Person


It should be noted that this artist originally performed as Walter Carlos and only became Wendy Carlos after a sex change operation. For this reason, several release groups and releases are credited to Walter Carlos.

Annotation last modified on 2012-01-18 00:07 UTC.

Legal name: Walter Carlos, Wendy Carlos


Wendy Carlos (born Walter Carlos; November 14, 1939) is an American composer and keyboardist best known for her electronic music and film scores. Born and raised in Rhode Island, Carlos studied physics and music at Brown University before moving to New York City in 1962 to study music composition at Columbia University. Studying and working with various electronic musicians and technicians at the city's Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center, she oversaw the development of the Moog synthesizer, then a relatively new and unknown keyboard instrument designed by Robert Moog.

Carlos came to prominence with Switched-On Bach (1968), an album of music by Johann Sebastian Bach performed on a Moog synthesizer which helped popularize its use in the 1970s and won her three Grammy Awards. Its commercial success led to several more keyboard albums from Carlos of varying genres including further synthesized classical music adaptations and experimental and ambient music. She composed the score to two Stanley Kubrick films, A Clockwork Orange (1971) and The Shining (1980), and Tron (1982) for Walt Disney Productions.

In 1979, Carlos was one of the first public figures to disclose that they had undergone gender reassignment surgery.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1968 Switched‐On Bach Walter Carlos 5 7
1969 The Well‐Tempered Synthesizer Walter Carlos 4 1
1972 Sonic Seasonings Walter Carlos 3 2
1973 Switched-On Bach II Walter Carlos 5 2
1984 Digital Moonscapes Wendy Carlos 3 2
1986 Beauty in the Beast Wendy Carlos 3 3
1987 Secrets of Synthesis Wendy Carlos 1
1987 Switched-On Brandenburgs, Vol. I Wendy Carlos 5 2
1987 Switched‐On Brandenburgs, Vol. II Wendy Carlos 5 2
1988 Peter and the Wolf “Weird Al” Yankovic & Wendy Carlos 1
1992 Switched-On Bach 2000 Wendy Carlos 3
1992 Switched‐On Bach 2000 Wendy Carlos 1
1998 Tales of Heaven and Hell Wendy Carlos 2
2001 The Well‐Tempered Synthesizer Wendy Carlos 4 1
2003 By Request Wendy Carlos 3 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1980 Switched-On Brandenburgs Wendy Carlos 2
1999 Switched‐On Boxed Set Wendy Carlos 2
2005 Rediscovering Lost Scores, Volume 1 Wendy Carlos 1
2005 Rediscovering Lost Scores, Volume 2 Wendy Carlos 1

Album + Soundtrack

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1972 Walter Carlos’ Clockwork Orange Walter Carlos 3.5 2
1982 TRON: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack Wendy Carlos 3.25 4
1989 Orange Mecanique Wendy Carlos 1

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