Richard Arnold "Groove" Holmes (Camden, New Jersey, May 2, 1931 – St. Louis, Missouri, June 29, 1991) was an American jazz organist who performed in the hard bop and soul jazz genre. He is best known for his 1965 recording of "Misty", and is considered a precursor of acid jazz.

Holmes' first album, on Pacific Jazz with guest Ben Webster, was recorded in March 1961.

Jimmy Witherspoon sings the Blues Society SOC968 1964

His sound was immediately recognizable in the upper register, but even more so because of his virtuosity in creating, undoubtedly, the most rapid, punctuating, and pulsating basslines of all the jazz organists.

Though he died at the age of 60, he established a recognition within the community of jazz organ giants of Jimmy Smith (The Sermon!), Brother Jack McDuff (A Real Good 'Un), Jimmy McGriff (I've Got a Woman).

He recorded many albums for Pacific Jazz, Prestige Records, Groove Merchant and Muse Records, many of which featured Houston Person.

Holmes died after a long struggle with prostate cancer, having performed his last concerts in a wheelchair. One of his last gigs was at the 1991 Chicago Blues Festival with his longtime friend, singer Jimmy Witherspoon. A year after his death, the Beastie Boys honoured Holmes by adding an organ-based instrumental track, "Groove Holmes" to their album Check Your Head.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1961 That Healin' Feelin' Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1962 After Hours (1962 original album) Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1965 Soul Message Richard "Groove" Holmes 2
1966 Soul Mist! Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1967 Get Up and Get It! Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1968 Welcome Home Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1969 Workin' on a Groovy Thing Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1970 A Bowl of Soul Richard "Groove" Holmes 2
1970 Come Together Richard "Groove" Holmes & Ernie Watts 1
1971 Comin' On Home Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1973 Night Glider Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1974 Giants of the Organ Come Together Richard "Groove" Holmes & Jimmy McGriff 1
1974 New Groove Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1975 Six Million Dollar Man Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1976 I'm In The Mood For Love Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1977 Dancing in the Sun Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1977 Star Wars / Close Encounters Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1982 Broadway Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1989 Blues All Day Long Groove Holmes 1
1989 Groovin' With Jug Richard "Groove" Holmes & Gene Ammons 1
1992 DOUBLE EXPOSURE Richard "Groove" Holmes & Jimmy McGriff 1
1998 Living Soul Richard "Groove" Holmes 2
2004 Book of the Blues, Volume 1 Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
2004 Super Soul Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
2005 Giants of the Organ in Concert: The Complete Concert Recorded Live at Paul's Mall, Boston, 1973 Richard "Groove" Holmes & Jimmy McGriff 1
Groove Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
Misty Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
On Basie's Bandstand Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
Richard "Groove" Holmes - The Best of the Pacific Years Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
Somethin' Special Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
Soul Power Richard "Groove" Holmes 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1996 After Hours (1996 compilation of "After Hours" and "Tell It Like It Is") Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1996 Legends of Acid Jazz Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
1998 Groove's Groove Richard "Groove" Holmes 2
2001 The Best of the Pacific Years Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
2003 Groovin' With Groove Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
All That Jazz (The Best of Richard Holmes) Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
Plenty, Plenty Blues Richard "Groove" Holmes 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1970 X-77 Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
Live on Stage Willis Jackson & Richard "Groove" Holmes 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1975 Onsaya Joy - Recorded Live at the Half-Note Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
Blue Groove Richard "Groove" Holmes 1
Spicy Richard "Groove" Holmes 1


Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1984 Ya Understand Me? Willis Jackson feat. Groove Holmes 1

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