Maurice Ravel (classical composer)

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Joseph Maurice Ravel (French: [ʒɔzɛf mɔʁis ʁavɛl]; 7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor. He is often associated with impressionism along with his elder contemporary Claude Debussy, although both composers rejected the term. In the 1920s and 1930s Ravel was internationally regarded as France's greatest living composer.

Born to a music-loving family, Ravel attended France's premier music college, the Paris Conservatoire; he was not well regarded by its conservative establishment, whose biased treatment of him caused a scandal. After leaving the conservatoire Ravel found his own way as a composer, developing a style of great clarity, incorporating elements of baroque, neoclassicism and, in his later works, jazz. He liked to experiment with musical form, as in his best-known work, Boléro (1928), in which repetition takes the place of development. He made some orchestral arrangements of other composers' music, of which his 1922 version of Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition is the best known.

As a slow and painstaking worker, Ravel composed fewer pieces than many of his contemporaries. Among his works to enter the repertoire are pieces for piano, chamber music, two piano concertos, ballet music, two operas, and eight song cycles; he wrote no symphonies or religious works. Many of his works exist in two versions: a first, piano score and a later orchestration. Some of his piano music, such as Gaspard de la nuit (1908), is exceptionally difficult to play, and his complex orchestral works such as Daphnis et Chloé (1912) require skilful balance in performance.

Ravel was among the first composers to recognise the potential of recording to bring their music to a wider public. From the 1920s, despite limited technique as a pianist or conductor, he took part in recordings of several of his works; others were made under his supervision.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1957 Pictures at an Exhibition Мussorgsky arr. Ravel; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Reiner 3
1966 Debussy / Ravel Debussy / Ravel; Leonard Bernstein / New York Philharmonic 1
1967 Prokofiev: Klavierkonzert Nr. 3 C-Dur / Ravel: Klavierkonzert G-Dur Prokofiev, Ravel; Martha Argerich, Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 4
1975 Gaspard de la Nuit / Sonatine / Valses nobles et sentimentales Maurice Ravel; Martha Argerich 1
1978 Saint-Saëns: Introduction et Rondo Capriccioso / Chausson: Poeme / Saint-Saëns: Havanaise / Ravel: Tzigane Saint‐Saëns, Chausson, Ravel; Kyung-Wha Chung, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Charles Dutoit 1
1980 Bolero / Daphnis et Chloé (Suite No. 2) / Pavane pour une infante défunte Maurice Ravel; Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra & Leonard Slatkin 1
1981 Daphnis et Chloé Ravel; Chœur et Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit 3
1982 Boléro / La Valse / Pavane pour une infante défunte / Daphnis et Chloé: Suite no. 2 Ravel; Orchestre de Paris, Daniel Barenboim 1
1982 Daphnis et Chloé (complete ballet) Ravel; London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, André Previn 1
1982 String Quartets Debussy, Ravel; The Galimir Quartet 1
1983 Piano Works Vol.1 Maurice Ravel; Vlado Perlemuter 1
1983 Ravel Quartet in F major / Bartók Quartet No. 3 Ravel / Bartók 1
1983 Ravel: Gaspard de la Nuit / Prokofiev: Piano Sonata no. 6 Ravel, Prokofiev; Ivo Pogorelich 1
1983 The Piano Concertos Ravel; Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit, Pascal Rogé 1
1984 Ravel: Boléro / Liszt: Les Préludes / Tchaikovsky: Ouverture Solonelle "1812" Ravel, Liszt, Tchaikovsky; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Riccardo Muti 2
1984 Ma Mère l'Oye / Pavane pour une infante défunte / Le Tombeau de Couperin / Valses nobles et sentimentales Ravel; Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit 1
1984 Mélodies Maurice Ravel 1
1984 Pavane / L’Apprenti sorcier / Danse macabre / Marche hongroise / Joyeuse marche / Prélude à L’Après-midi d’un faune Debussy, Ravel, Dukas, Saint-Saëns; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Sir Neville Marriner 1
1984 Piano Works Vol. 2 Maurice Ravel; Vlado Perlemuter 1
1985 Pictures at an Exhibition Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Maurice Ravel; Wiener Philharmoniker, André Previn 1
1985 Gaspard de la nuit and other piano pieces Maurice Ravel; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1985 Mussorgsky-Ravel: Pictures at an Exhibition / Stravinsky: The Firebird (Suite, 1919) Mussorgsky / Ravel, Stravinsky; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Riccardo Muti 2
1985 Piano Trios Ravel, Chausson; Beaux Arts Trio 1
1985 Thibaudet Ravel Recital Maurice Ravel 1
1986 Debussy: String Quartet in G minor / Ravel: String Quartet in F major Debussy, Ravel; Cleveland Quartet 1
1986 Boléro / Rapsodie espagnole / Ma mère l'oye / Pavane Ravel; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
1986 Faure: Requiem / Ravel: Pavane pour une infante défunte Fauré, Ravel; Philharmonia Orchestra, Philharmonia Chorus, Carlo Maria Giulini, Kathleen Battle, Andreas Schmidt 1
1986 Bolero / Le tombeau de Couperin / Daphnis et Chloé / Alborada del Gracioso (Philharmonisches Orchester von Mexiko, feat. conductor: Fernando Lozano) Maurice Ravel 1
1986 Concerto No. 3 For Piano And Orchestra / Concerto In G Major For Piano And Orchestra Béla Bartók, Maurice Ravel, Julius Katchen With The London Symphony Orchestra Conducted By Istvan Kertesz 1
1986 Debussy: Iberia, Nocturnes / Ravel: Rapsodie, Alborada Debussy, Ravel; Leopold Stokowski 1
1986 Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition / Maurice Ravel: Ma Mère l'Oye / Rapsodie Espagnole Mussorgsky / Ravel 1
1986 Orchestral Works Maurice Ravel; Andre Previn, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
1986 Streichquartette Debussy, Ravel; Neues Zürcher Quartett 1
1986 String Quartets Debussy, Ravel; Emerson String Quartet 1
1986 String Quartets Debussy, Ravel; Alban Berg Quartet 1
1986 String Quartets Debussy, Ravel, Fauré; Quatuor Viotti 4 1
1986 Violinsonaten Franck, Debussy, Ravel; Shlomo Mintz, Yefim Bronfman 1
1987 Bolero Ravel; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa 1
1987 Boléro / La Valse / Rapsodie espagnole / Menuet antique / Pavane pour une infante défunte / Alborada del gracioso / Une barque sur l’océan Maurice Ravel; Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, André Cluytens 1
1987 Boléro / Rapsodie espagnole / Pavan for a Dead Princess / La Valse / "Mother Goose" Suite Ravel; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Charles Munch 2
1987 L'enfant et les sortilèges (Colette Alliot-Lugaz Chœurs & Orchestre de la Suisse Romande feat. conductor: Armin Jordan) Maurice Ravel 1
1987 Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition / Ravel: Bolero Mussorgsky, Ravel; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Enrique Bátiz 3
1987 Orchestral Works, Volume 1: Daphnis et Chloé Maurice Ravel, Eliahu Inbal, Chœur et Orchestre National de France 1
1987 Ravel: Piano Concertos / Fauré: Fantaisie / Franck: Symphonic Variations Ravel, Fauré, Franck; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Alicia de Larrocha 1
1987 Saint-Saëns: Piano Trio no. 2 / Ravel: Piano Trio Saint-Saëns, Ravel; The Arden Trio 1
1988 String Quartets Debussy, Ravel; The Fairfield Quartet 1
1988 Boléro Maurice Ravel; Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, Jesús López-Cobos 1
1988 Piano Concertos / Menuet antique / Le Tombeau de Couperin / Fanfare Ravel; Martha Argerich, Michel Béroff, London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 2
1988 Bolero / Alborada del Gracioso / Rapsodie Espagnole Maurice Ravel; Dallas Symphony Orchestra, Eduardo Mata 1
1988 Orchestral Works Ravel; Orchestre de Paris, Jean Martinon 1
1988 Ravel: Le tombeau de Couperin / Chopin: Préludes Maurice Ravel, Frédéric Chopin; Ivo Janssen 1
1988 Ravel: Piano Concerto in G / Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No. 4 Ravel, Rachmaninov; Philharmonia Orchestra, Ettore Gracis, Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli 3
1988 The Two Piano Concertos / Tzigane Ravel; Orchestre de Paris, Jean Martinon, Aldo Ciccolini, Itzhak Perlman 1
1989 Rachmaninoff: Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini / Franck: Symphonic Variations / Ravel: Alborada del Gracioso Rachmaninoff, Franck, Ravel; The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell, Leon Fleisher 5 1
1989 Daphnis et Chloé (Gesamtaufnahme) / Valses nobles et sentimentales Ravel; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
1989 Boléro / Daphnis et Chloé (Suite no. 1) / Ma mère l'oye / Valses nobles et sentimentales Ravel; CSR Symphony Orchestra (Bratislava), Slovak Philharmonic Choir, Kenneth Jean 3
1989 Bolero und andere Werke Maurice Ravel 2
1989 La Mer / Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun / Daphnis et Chloe, Suite no. 2 Debussy, Ravel; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1989 Maurice Ravel - Intégrale de l'oeuvre pour piano (piano: Benoña Uriarte, Karl-Hermann Mrongovius) Maurice Ravel 1
1989 Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition / Ravel: Rapsodie Espagnole / La Valse Mussorgsky, Ravel; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
1989 Nojima Plays Ravel Maurice Ravel; Minoru Nojima 1
1989 Piano Music, Volume 1 Maurice Ravel; Louis Lortie 1
1989 Piano Music, Volume 2 Maurice Ravel; Louis Lortie 2
1989 Piano Music: Gaspard de la nuit / Sonatine / La Tombeau de Couperin / Menuet antique / Pavane pour une infante défunte Maurice Ravel; Klára Körmendi 1
1989 Ravel: Bolero / Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue / Gershwin: An American in Paris / Debussy: Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune / Barber: Adagio for Strings Ravel / Gershwin / Debussy / Barber 1
1989 Ravel: Complete Piano Works Maurice Ravel; Philippe Entremont 2
1989 Tzigane / Sheherazade Ravel; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
1990 Daphnis et Chloé Maurice Ravel; Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit 1
1990 Franck / Saint-Saëns: Violin Sonatas / Ravel: Tzigane Franck, Saint‐Saëns, Ravel; Gil Shaham, Gerhard Oppitz 1
1990 Daphnis et Chloé, Suite 2 / Boléro / Ma Mère l'oye / Rapsodie espagnole Maurice Ravel; Dag Achatz, Yukie Nagai 1
1990 Boléro / Alborada del Gracioso / Pavane Pour Une Infante Défunte / La Valse / Daphnis et Chloé / Rapsodie Espagnole Ravel; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1990 Brahms / Ravel / Liszt / Chopin Brahms, Ravel, Liszt, Chopin; Claudio Arrau 1
1990 Music for Four Hands Maurice Ravel; Louis Lortie, Hélène Mercier 1
1990 Pictures at an Exhibition / Night on Bald Mountain / Valses nobles et sentimentales Modest Mussorgsky, Maurice Ravel; New York Philharmonic, Giuseppe Sinopoli 1
1990 Saint-Saëns / Ravel / Martin Saint-Saëns, Ravel, Martin; Guarneri Trio 1
1991 Rapsodie espagnol / La Valse / Daphnis Ravel; Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra (Bratislava), Kenneth Jean 1
1991 Boléro / La Valse / Daphnis et Chloé (Suite no. 2) / Pavane pour une infante défunte Maurice Ravel; Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit 2
1991 Kodály : Sonate Opus 8 pour violoncelle seul / Ravel : Sonate pour violon et violoncelle Zoltán Kodály, Maurice Ravel; Christoph Henkel, Gérard Poulet 1
1991 Musique de Chambre Ravel; Ferras, Barbizet, Jarry, Pludermacher, Tournus, François, Tortelier, Benoît, Jacquillat, Quatuor Parrenin 1
1991 Œuvres pour violon et piano Ravel; Brigitte Engerer, Régis Pasquier 1
1991 Piano Music Maurice Ravel 1
1991 Poème Chausson, Massenet, Saint-Saëns, Ravel; Joshua Bell, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Andrew Litton 1
1991 Prokofiev: Peter and the Wolf / Britten: Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra / Ravel: Mother Goose Sergei Prokofiev, Benjamin Britten, Maurice Ravel; Alec McCowen, Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
1991 Ravel: Bolero / Debussy: La Mer (Chicago Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Georg Solti) Ravel / Debussy 1
1991 Ravel: Bolero / Mendelssohn: Sen nocy letniej (Orkiestra Symfoniczna Filharmonii Narodowej, Witold Rowicki) Maurice Ravel, Felix Mendelssohn 1
1991 Ravel's Ravel : recordings directed or supervised by the composer Maurice Ravel 1
1991 Roussel: Symphony no. 3 / Bacchus et Ariane Suite no. 2 / Ravel: La Valse / Bolero Albert Roussel, Maurice Ravel; Detroit Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1991 Violinkonzerte / Tzigane Berg, Stravinsky, Ravel; Frank Peter Zimmermann, Gianluigi Gelmetti, Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart 1
1992 Daphnis et Chloé (Deuxième suite) / Rapsodie espagnole / Pavane pour une infante défunte / Alborada del gracioso / Boléro Ravel; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Daniel Barenboim 1
1992 Ernest Ansermet L'orchestre de la suisse romande Georges Bizet / Maurice Ravel 1
1992 L'Œuvre pour Piano Seul Maurice Ravel; Jean-Yves Thibaudet 1
1992 String Quartets / Clair de lune Debussy, Ravel; Guarneri Quartet, Alexis Weissenberg 1
1992 Vlado Perlemuter Plays Ravel Maurice Ravel; Vlado Perlemuter 1
1993 Boléro / La Valse / Concertos pour piano Maurice Ravel; Georges Pludermacher, Orchestre National de Lille, Jean-Claude Casadesus 2
1993 Mussorgsky: Bilder einer Ausstellung / Ravel: Boléro, Rapsodie espagnole Mussorgsky, Ravel; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1993 BBC Music, Volume 1, Number 6: French Favourites: Berlioz, Chausson, Debussy, Dukas, Ravel Berlioz, Chausson, Debussy, Dukas, Ravel, BBC Concert Orchestra, Barry Wordsworth, Maurice Hasson 1
1993 Clair de Lune / Pavane Debussy, Ravel; Alain Planès 1
1993 BOLERO, La Valse, Daphnis et Cloé Maurice Ravel 1
1993 Classical Treasures: Bolero Maurice Ravel 1
1993 Daphnis et Chloé (1955 recording) Ravel; Boston Symphony, Charles Munch 3

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