Jean Sibelius

~ Person

Legal name: Johan Julius Christian Sibelius

Wikipedia

Jean Sibelius ( pronunciation ; born Johan Julius Christian Sibelius; 8 December 1865 – 20 September 1957) was a Finnish composer of the late Romantic period. His music played an important role in the formation of the Finnish national identity.

The core of Sibelius' oeuvre is his set of seven symphonies. Like Beethoven, Sibelius used each successive work to further develop his own personal compositional style. His works continue to be performed frequently in the concert hall and are often recorded.

In addition to the symphonies, Sibelius' best-known compositions include Finlandia, the Karelia Suite, Valse triste, the Violin Concerto in D minor, Kullervo, and The Swan of Tuonela (one of the four movements of the Lemminkäinen Suite). Other works include pieces inspired by the Finnish national epic, the Kalevala; over 100 songs for voice and piano; incidental music for 13 plays; the opera Jungfrun i tornet (The Maiden in the Tower); chamber music; piano music; Masonic ritual music; and 21 separate publications of choral music.

Sibelius composed prolifically until the mid-1920s. However, after completing his Seventh Symphony (1924), the incidental music to The Tempest (1926), and the tone poem Tapiola (1926), he produced no large scale works for the remaining thirty years of his life. Although he is reputed to have stopped composing, he in fact attempted to continue writing, including abortive efforts to compose an eighth symphony. He wrote some Masonic music and re-edited some earlier works during this last period of his life, and retained an active interest in new developments in music, although he did not always view modern music favorably.

The Finnish 100 mark bill featured his image until it was taken out of circulation in 2002 when the euro was adopted as a cash currency. Since 2011, Finland has celebrated a Flag Day on 8 December, the composer's birthday, also known as the 'Day of Finnish Music'.

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Discography

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Album

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1953 Symphony no. 7 in C, op. 105 / Karelia Suite, op. 11 Jean Sibelius; The Symphony Orchestra of Olympia, Antero Saike 1
1959 Symphony no. 2 Jean Sibelius; London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 2
1963 Finlandia / The Swan of Tuonela / Karelia Suite / En Saga Jean Sibelius; Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Malcolm Sargent 1
1963 Finlandia: Music Of Sibelius Jean Sibelius; Morton Gould 1
1965 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Walton; Zino Francescatti, New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1965 Violinkonzert / Finlandia Jean Sibelius; Christian Ferras, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1966 Finlandia / Karelia Suite / Valse Triste Jean Sibelius; Hallé Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli 1
1970 Symphonie Nr. 2 D-dur (In D Major · En Ré Majeur) Op. 43 Jean Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Okko Kamu 2
1971 Symphony no. 5 / Karelia Overture / Night Ride and Sunrise Jean Sibelius; London Symphony Orchestra, Anthony Collins 1
1973 Symphonies nos. 5 & 6 Jean Sibelius; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1977 Piano Music Jean Sibelius; Ervin Laszlo 1
1977 Scenes Historiques / Rakastava / Valse Lyrique Sibelius; Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 4
1977 Symphonies nos. 3 And 6 Jean Sibelius; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
1980 Scandinavian Music Grieg, Sibelius, Nielsen, Dag Wirén; The Academy of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Neville Marriner 2
1980 Sibelius: Symphony no. 5 / Rautavaara: A Requiem in Our Time Jean Sibelius, Einojuhani Rautavaara; Helsinki Philharmonic, Jorma Panula 1
1980 Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Sinding: Suite for Violin and Orchestra, op. 10 Sibelius, Sinding; Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Itzhak Perlman, André Previn 1
1980 The Complete Original Piano Music, Volume 1 Jean Sibelius; Erik T. Tawaststjerna 2
1981 Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Saint-Saëns: Rondo Capriccioso Jean Sibelius, Camille Saint-Saëns; Dylana Jenson, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 2
1982 Symphony no. 2 Jean Sibelius; London Symphony Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
1982 Symphony no. 5 in E-flat / Night-ride and Sunrise Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Simon Rattle 1
1983 Grieg: Peer Gynt Suites 1&2 / Sibelius: Pelléas et Mélisande Grieg, Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 4
1983 CBS Great Performances, Volume 85: Symphony no. 2 in D major, op. 43 Jean Sibelius; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1983 Symphonies 1 & 7 Sibelius; Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 1
1983 Symphony no. 2 Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1983 Symphony no. 2 Jean Sibelius; Toronto Symphony Orchestra, Sir Andrew Davis 1
1983 Symphony no. 5 / En Saga Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1984 Symphony Nr. 5 in E-flat, op. 82 / Andante festivo / Karelia-Overture, op. 10 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1984 The Maiden in the Tower / Karelia-Suite, op. 11 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1984 Symphony no. 2 in D, op. 43 / Romance in C for String Orchestra, op. 42 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1984 Symphony no. 3 in C major, op. 52 / Suite from "King Kristian II" Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1984 Symphony Nr. 1 in E minor, Op. 39 / Finlandia, Op. 26/7 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1984 Symphony Nr. 6, op. 104 / Pelleas & Melisande, op. 46 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1984 Symphony no. 2 in D / Finlandia Jean Sibelius; The Cleveland Orchestra, Yoel Levi 1
1984 Finlandia / Valse Triste / Tapiola / Der Schwan von Tuonela Jean Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1984 Finlandia / Valse Triste / Peer Gynt / Swan of Tuonela Sibelius, Grieg 1
1984 Symphony no. 7 / Tapiola Jean Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 3
1985 Symphony no. 4 in A minor / Canzonetta / The Oceanides Jean Sibelius; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1985 Orchestral Songs including Luonnotar & The Rapids-Rider's Brides Jean Sibelius; MariAnne Häggander, Jorma Hynninen, The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Jorma Panula 3
1985 The Lemminkäinen Suite, op. 22 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg SO, Neeme Järvi 1
1985 Grieg: Holberg Suite / Sibelius: Karelia Suite Sibelius, Grieg; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Neville Marriner 4
1985 Kullervo / The Origin Of Fire / Our Native Land Jean Sibelius; Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra, Helsinki University Choir, State Academic Male Choir Of The Estonian S.S.R, Jorma Hynninen, Eeva-Liisa Naumanen, Paavo Berglund 1
1985 String Quartets: A minor / B-flat major Jean Sibelius; The Sibelius Academy Quartet 2
1985 Symphonien nos. 5 & 7 Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1985 Symphonies 4 & 5 Jean Sibelius; Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 1
1985 Works for Small Orchestra Jean Sibelius; Finlandia Sinfonietta, Pekka Helasvuo 2
1986 Pohjola's Daughter / Tapiola / Rakastava / Impromptu for Strings Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1986 Historical Scenes, op. 25 & 66 / En saga, op. 9 Jean Sibelius; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1986 Symphony no. 7 in C, op. 105 / "Kuolema", op. 44 & op. 62 / Night Ride and Sunrise, op. 55 Jean Sibelius; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1986 The Origin of Fire, op. 32 / Sandels, op. 28 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Laulun Ystävät Mieskuoro, Sauli Tiilikainen, Neeme Järvi 1
1986 Finlandia Sibelius; The London Symphony Orchestra, Gennadi Rozhdestvensky 2

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