Jean Sibelius

~ Person

Legal name: Johan Julius Christian Sibelius

Wikipedia

Jean Sibelius (/sɪˈbliəs, -ˈbljəs/;  Swedish pronunciation ), born Johan Julius Christian Sibelius (8 December 1865 – 20 September 1957), was a Finnish composer and violinist of the late Romantic and early-modern periods. He is widely recognized as his country's greatest composer and, through his music, is often credited with having helped Finland to develop a national identity during its struggle for independence from Russia.

The core of his oeuvre is his set of seven symphonies which, like his other major works, continue to be performed and recorded in his home country and internationally. His best-known compositions are Finlandia, the Karelia Suite, Valse triste, the Violin Concerto, the choral symphony Kullervo, and The Swan of Tuonela (from the Lemminkäinen Suite). Other works include pieces inspired by the Finnish national epic, the Kalevala, over a hundred songs for voice and piano, incidental music for numerous plays, the opera Jungfrun i tornet (The Maiden in the Tower), chamber music, piano music, Masonic ritual music, and 21 publications of choral music. Throughout his career, the composer found inspiration in nature and Nordic mythology, especially the heroic legends of the national epic, the Kalevala.

Sibelius composed prolifically until the mid-1920s but after completing his Seventh Symphony (1924), the incidental music for The Tempest (1926), and the tone poem Tapiola (1926), he failed to produce any major works in his last thirty years, a stunning and perplexing decline commonly referred to as "The Silence of Järvenpää", the location of his home. Although he is reputed to have stopped composing, he attempted to continue writing, including abortive efforts on an eighth symphony. In later life, he wrote Masonic music and re-edited some earlier works while retaining an active but not always favourable interest in new developments in music.

The Finnish 100 mark note featured his image until 2002 when the euro was adopted. Since 2011, Finland has celebrated a Flag Day on 8 December, the composer's birthday, also known as the "Day of Finnish Music". In 2015, the 150th anniversary of the composer's birth, a number of special concerts and events were held, especially in the city of Helsinki.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1935 Violin Concerto in D Minor Jean Sibelius; Jascha Heifetz, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Thomas Beecham 1
1938 Symphony no. 5 in E-flat major / Pohjola's Daughter Jean Sibelius; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Serge Koussevitzky 1
1950 Sibelius: Finlandia / The Swan of Tuonela / Rachmaninoff: Prelude in C-sharp minor / Prelude in G major / Prelude in G minor Sibelius, Rachmaninoff; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1953 Symphony no. 7 in C, op. 105 / Karelia Suite, op. 11 Jean Sibelius; The Symphony Orchestra of Olympia, Antero Saike 1
1959 Finlandia: Music of Grieg and Sibelius Grieg; Sibelius; The London Proms Symphony Orchestra, Charles Mackerras 1
1959 Symphony no. 2 Jean Sibelius; London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 2
1963 Finlandia: Music Of Sibelius Jean Sibelius; Morton Gould 1
1965 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Walton; Zino Francescatti, New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1965 Violinkonzert / Finlandia Jean Sibelius; Christian Ferras, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1966 Finlandia / Karelia Suite / Valse Triste Jean Sibelius; Hallé Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli 2
1967 Symphony no. 5 & no. 7 Jean Sibelius; Hallé Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli 1
1970 Symphonie Nr. 2 D-dur (In D Major · En Ré Majeur) Op. 43 Jean Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Okko Kamu 2
1970 Symphony no. 1 / Luonnotar Sibelius; Phyllis Curtin, New York Philharmonic, Bernstein 2
1970 Violin Concertos Tchaikovsky, Sibelius; Kyung-Wha Chung, London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 3
1971 Symphony no. 5 / Karelia Overture / Night Ride and Sunrise Jean Sibelius; London Symphony Orchestra, Anthony Collins 1
1973 Symphonies nos. 5 & 6 Jean Sibelius; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1976 Finlandia / The Swan of Tuonela / Karelia Suite / En Saga Jean Sibelius; Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Malcolm Sargent 1
1977 Piano Music Jean Sibelius; Ervin Laszlo 1
1977 Scenes Historiques / Rakastava / Valse Lyrique Sibelius; Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 4
1977 Symphonies nos. 3 and 6 Jean Sibelius; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Colin Davis 1
1980 Scandinavian Music Grieg, Sibelius, Nielsen, Dag Wirén; The Academy of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Neville Marriner 2
1980 Sibelius: Symphony no. 5 / Rautavaara: A Requiem in Our Time Jean Sibelius, Einojuhani Rautavaara; Helsinki Philharmonic, Jorma Panula 1
1980 The Complete Original Piano Music, Volume 1 Jean Sibelius; Erik T. Tawaststjerna 2
1981 Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Saint-Saëns: Rondo Capriccioso Jean Sibelius, Camille Saint‐Saëns; Dylana Jenson, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 2
1982 Concertos pour violin Tchaïkovsky, Sibelius; Pierre Amoyal, Philharmonia Orchestra, Charles Dutoit 1
1982 Symphony no. 2 Jean Sibelius; London Symphony Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
1982 Symphony no. 5 in E-flat / Night-ride and Sunrise Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Simon Rattle 1
1983 Grieg: Peer Gynt Suites 1&2 / Sibelius: Pelléas et Mélisande Grieg, Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 5
1983 CBS Great Performances, Volume 85: Symphony no. 2 in D major, op. 43 Jean Sibelius; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1983 Symphonies 1 & 7 Sibelius; Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 1
1983 Symphony no. 2 Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1983 Symphony no. 2 Jean Sibelius; Toronto Symphony Orchestra, Sir Andrew Davis 1
1983 Symphony no. 3 in C major, op. 52 / Suite from "King Kristian II" Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 3
1983 Symphony no. 5 / En Saga Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1983 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Schumann; Gidon Kremer, Philharmonia Orchestra, Riccardo Muti 1
1984 Symphony Nr. 5 in E-flat, op. 82 / Andante festivo / Karelia-Overture, op. 10 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1984 The Maiden in the Tower / Karelia-Suite, op. 11 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1984 Symphony no. 1 in E minor, op. 39 / Finlandia, op. 26:7 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1984 Symphony no. 2 in D, op. 43 / Romance in C for String Orchestra, op. 42 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1984 Symphony Nr. 6, op. 104 / Pelleas & Melisande, op. 46 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1984 Symphony no. 2 in D / Finlandia Jean Sibelius; The Cleveland Orchestra, Yoel Levi 1
1984 Finlandia / Valse Triste / Tapiola / Der Schwan von Tuonela Jean Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1984 Symphony no. 7 / Tapiola Jean Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 3
1985 Symphony no. 4 in A minor / Canzonetta / The Oceanides Jean Sibelius; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1985 Orchestral Songs including Luonnotar & The Rapids-Rider's Brides Jean Sibelius; MariAnne Häggander, Jorma Hynninen, The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Jorma Panula 3
1985 The Lemminkäinen Suite, op. 22 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg SO, Neeme Järvi 1
1985 Lemminkäinen Legends Jean Sibelius; Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 1
1985 Grieg: Holberg Suite / Sibelius: Karelia Suite Sibelius, Grieg; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Neville Marriner 4
1985 Kullervo / The Origin Of Fire / Our Native Land Jean Sibelius; Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra, Helsinki University Choir, State Academic Male Choir Of The Estonian S.S.R, Jorma Hynninen, Eeva-Liisa Naumanen, Paavo Berglund 1
1985 String Quartets: A minor / B-flat major Jean Sibelius; The Sibelius Academy Quartet 2
1985 Symphonien nos. 5 & 7 Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1985 Symphonies 3 & 6 Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1985 Symphonies 4 & 5 Jean Sibelius; Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 1
1985 Works for Small Orchestra Jean Sibelius; Finlandia Sinfonietta, Pekka Helasvuo 3
1986 Pohjola's Daughter / Tapiola / Rakastava / Impromptu for Strings Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1986 Historical Scenes, op. 25 & 66 / En saga, op. 9 Jean Sibelius; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1986 Symphony no. 7 in C, op. 105 / "Kuolema", op. 44 & op. 62 / Night Ride and Sunrise, op. 55 Jean Sibelius; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 3
1986 The Origin of Fire, op. 32 / Sandels, op. 28 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Laulun Ystävät Mieskuoro, Sauli Tiilikainen, Neeme Järvi 1
1986 Finlandia Sibelius; The London Symphony Orchestra, Gennadi Rozhdestvensky 2
1986 Four Legends from the "Kalevala" Sibelius; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1986 Jean Sibelius: Cello / Piano Jean Sibelius; Raimo Sariola, Hui-Ying Liu 1
1986 Kullervo, op. 7 Jean Sibelius; The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, The Laulun Ystävät Male Choir, Neeme Järvi, Karita Mattila, Jorma Hynninen 1
1986 Lieder Jean Sibelius; Jorma Hynninen, Ralf Gothóni 1
1986 Nordische Suiten Grieg, Sibelius 1
1986 Sibelius / Grieg / Nielsen Sibelius, Grieg, Nielsen; Nanna Hansen 1
1986 Symphony no. 1 J. Sibelius; Peeter Lilje 1
1986 Symphony no. 2 Sibelius; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli 3
1986 Violin Concertos Tchaikovsky, Sibelius; Viktoria Mullova, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa 3
1987 Swanwhite Suite, op. 54 / Belshazzar's Feast Suite, op. 51 Jean Sibelius; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1987 The Complete Original Piano Music, Volume 2 Jean Sibelius; Erik T. Tawaststjerna 2
1987 The Complete Original Piano Music, Volume 3 Jean Sibelius; Erik T. Tawaststjerna 1
1987 The Complete Original Piano Music, Volume 4 Jean Sibelius; Erik T. Tawaststjerna 1
1987 The Complete Original Piano Music, Volume 5 Jean Sibelius; Erik T. Tawaststjerna 1
1987 The Complete Original Piano Music, Volume 6 Jean Sibelius; Erik T. Tawaststjerna 1
1987 The Complete Piano Transcriptions, Volume 1 Jean Sibelius; Erik T. Tawaststjerna 1
1987 The Complete Piano Transcriptions, Volume 2 Jean Sibelius; Erik T. Tawaststjerna 1
1987 David Oistrakh Edition, Volume 1: Peter Tchaikovsky, Jean Sibelius Peter Tchaikovsky, Jean Sibelius; David Oistrakh 3
1987 Mieskuorolaulut: Songs for Male Voice Choir (Complete Edition) Jean Sibelius; Ylioppilaskunnan Laulajat, Matti Hyökki 1
1987 Symphonie no. 1 / Karelia Suite Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1987 Symphonie no. 2 Sibelius; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 2
1987 Symphonies nos. 3 & 7 Sibelius; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 1
1987 Symphony no. 5 / Pohjola's Daughter Jean Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Esa-Pekka Salonen 1
1987 Tone Poems Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1987 Violin Concerto in D minor, op. 47 / Overture in A minor / Menuetto / In Memoriam Jean Sibelius; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Silvia Marcovici 1
1987 Violin Concertos Jean Sibelius, Antonín Dvořák; Berliner Philharmoniker, Shlomo Mintz, James Levine 1
1988 Violinkonzert / Finlandia / Tapiola Jean Sibelius; Christian Ferras, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1988 Finlandia / Karelia / Tapiola / En Saga Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1988 Finlandia / Swan of Tuonela / Valse Triste / Karelia Suite / Pohjola's Daughter / Lemminkäinen's Return Jean Sibelius; CSR Symphony Orchestra (Bratislava), Kenneth Schermerhorn 2
1988 Grieg: Peer-Gynt-Suiten Nr. 1 & 2 / Sibelius: Finlandia / Tapiola / Valse Triste Edvard Grieg, Jean Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1988 Piano Pieces Jean Sibelius; Izumi Tateno 1
1988 Sibelius: String Quartet "Voces intimae" / Schumann: String Quartet no. 3 in A major Jean Sibelius, Robert Schumann; Voces Intimae Quartet 1
1988 Spring Song, op. 16 / The Bard, op. 64 Jean Sibelius; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1988 Symphonies nos. 4 & 6 Sibelius; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 3
1988 Symphony no. 2 Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1988 Symphony no. 2 / The Oceanides / Finlandia Sibelius; Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra, Paavo Berglund 2
1988 Symphony no. 5 / En saga / Tapiola Jean Sibelius; Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Jukka-Pekka Saraste 1
1988 Symphony no. 5 / Pohjola's Daughter Jean Sibelius; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1988 Symphony no. 5 / Violin Concerto Sibelius; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Nigel Kennedy, Simon Rattle 3
1988 Violin Concerto / Karelia Suite / Finlandia Jean Sibelius; Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra, Okko Kamu, Miriam Fried 2
1988 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Nielsen; Cho-Liang Lin, Esa-Pekka Salonen 4

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