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Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber von Bibern (12 August 1644 (baptised) – 3 May 1704) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and violinist. Born in the small Bohemian town of Wartenberg (Stráž pod Ralskem), Biber worked at Graz and Kroměříž before he illegally left his Kremsier (Kroměříž) employer (Prince-Bishop Carl Liechtenstein-Castelcorno) and settled in Salzburg. He remained there for the rest of his life, publishing much of his music but apparently seldom, if ever, giving concert tours.

Biber was one of the most important composers for the violin in the history of the instrument. His technique allowed him to easily reach the 6th and 7th positions, employ multiple stops in intricate polyphonic passages, and explore the various possibilities of scordatura tuning. He also wrote one of the earliest known pieces for solo violin, the monumental passacaglia of the Mystery Sonatas. During Biber's lifetime, his music was known and imitated throughout Europe. In the late 18th century he was named the best violin composer of the 17th century by music historian Charles Burney. In the late 20th century Biber's music, especially the Mystery Sonatas, enjoyed a renaissance. Today, it is widely performed and recorded.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1988 Mensa Sonora (Musica Antiqua Köln feat. Reinhard Goebel) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
1990 The Mystery Sonatas (Tragicomedia, violin: John Holloway, keyboard: Davitt Moroney) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 3
1991 Die Rosenkranz-Sonaten (Musica Antiqua Köln feat conductor: Reinhard Goebel) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
1992 Sonaten - Arien - Balletti Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
1994 Violin Sonatas (Romanesca feat. violin soloist: Andrew Manze) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 2
1996 Sonaten uber die Mysterien des Rosenkranzes (violin: Gunar Letzbor) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
1998 Missa Salisburgensis Biber; Musica Antiqua Köln, Reinhard Goebel, Gabrieli Consort & Players, Paul McCreesh 1
1998 Requiem / Trumpet music / Battalia / Sonatas (New London Consort, Philip Pickett) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 2
1999 Muffat: Suite Indissolubilis Amicitia / Concerto Bona nova / Biber: Sonata a 6 "called Peasants' Church-going" / Sonata a 2 violini, trombone, violone / Sonata VIII / Battalia a 10 Georg Muffat, Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber; Concentus Musicus Wien, Nikolaus Harnoncourt 1
2000 Missa Bruxellensis XXIII vocum (feat. conductor: Jordi Savall) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
2001 Violin Sonatas, 1681 / Nisi Dominus / Passacaglia Biber; Monica Huggett, Sonnerie, Thomas Guthrie 1
2001 Exceptional Masterpieces Sammartini, Merula, Marini, Endler, Biber, Fux; Combattimento Consort Amsterdam, Jan Willem de Vriend 1
2002 Unam Ceylum (violin: John Holloway, organ: Aloysia Assenbaum, harpsichord: Lars Ulrik Mortensen) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
2003 Mysterien Sonaten Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber; Les Veilleurs De Nuit 1
2004 The Rosary Sonatas (violin: Andrew Manze, organ & harpsichord: Richard Egarr) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
2005 Vespro della Beata Vergine (La Capella Ducale & Musica Fiata feat. conductor: Roland Wilson) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
2005 Missa Christi resurgentis (The English Concert feat. conductor: Andrew Manze) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
2005 Missa Christi Resurgentis (The New York Collegium feat. conductor: Andrew Parrott) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
2005 Mysteriensonaten (Lyriarte feat. violin: Rudiger Lotter) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
2006 The Mystery Sonates Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber;Maya Homburger & Camerata Kilkenny 1
2008 Mensa sonora, seu Musica instrumentalis / Sonata in A major (The Purcell Quartett) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
2008 Missa Salisburgensis (La Stagione Armonica feat. conductor: Sergio Balestracci) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
2009 Rosenkranz Sonaten (Riccardo Minasi, Bizzarrie Armoniche) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 5 1
2013 Biber - Sacred and Profane Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber; Musica Antiqua Köln, Reinhard Goebel; Gabrieli Consort & Players, Paul McCreesh 1
Die Rosenkranzsonaten Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
Harmonia Artificioso - Ariosa (The Rare Fruits Council) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
Violin Sonatas from 8 Violin Sonatas (Sonatae: Violino solo) (feat. violin: Ryo Terakado, harpsichord & positive organ: Siebe Henstra, viola da gamba: Kaori Uemura) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
Biber: Battalia - Pauern Kirchfahrt - Ballettae - Sonatae (Concentus Musicus Wien feat. Conductor: Nikolaus Harnoncourt) Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
Missa Sancti Henrici Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
Mysteriensonaten Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
Mysteriensonaten, Passagalia Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1
Rosenkranz-Sonaten: Goebel Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber 1

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