George Gershwin

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George Jacob Gershwin (/ˈɡɜːrʃ.wɪn/; September 26, 1898 – July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist. Gershwin's compositions spanned both popular and classical genres, and his most popular melodies are widely known. Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928) as well as the opera Porgy and Bess (1935).

Gershwin studied piano under Charles Hambitzer and composition with Rubin Goldmark, Henry Cowell and Joseph Brody. He began his career as a song plugger, but soon started composing Broadway theatre works with his brother Ira Gershwin, and Buddy DeSylva. He moved to Paris intending to study with Nadia Boulanger, who refused him, where he began to compose An American in Paris. After returning to New York City, he wrote Porgy and Bess with Ira and the author DuBose Heyward. Initially a commercial failure, Porgy and Bess is now considered one of the most important American operas of the twentieth century.

Gershwin moved to Hollywood and composed numerous film scores until his death in 1937 from a malignant brain tumor-- glioblastoma multiforme.

Gershwin's compositions have been adapted for use in many films and for television, and several became jazz standards recorded in many variations. Many celebrated singers and musicians have covered his songs.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1940 Selections from George Gershwin’s Folk Opera Porgy and Bess (selected members from 1935 original Broadway cast) George Gershwin; Todd Duncan, Anne Brown, Eva Jessye Choir, Decca Symphony Orchestra, Alexander Smallens 1
1959 Rhapsody in Blue / An American in Paris George Gershwin; Columbia Symphony Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 5
1976 Porgy and Bess Gershwin; Cleveland Orchestra & Chorus, Lorin Maazel, Willard White, Leona Mitchell, McHenry Boatwright, Florence Quivar, Francois Clemmons, Barbara Hendricks 4
1976 Rhapsody in Blue / An American in Paris / Broadway Overtures George Gershwin; Michael Tilson Thomas 3
1981 Porgy and Bess in Concert / Girl Crazy Overture George Gershwin; Claudia Lindsey, Benjamin Matthews, Slovak Philharmonic, Ettore Stratta 2
1981 Previn Conducts Gershwin Gershwin; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1981 Rhapsody in Blue / An American in Paris George Gershwin; Eugene List, Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, Erich Kunzel 1
1981 Rhapsody in Blue / Piano Concerto in F: versions for two pianos Gershwin; Katia & Marielle Labèque 1
1983 Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue / Barber: Adagio for Strings / Copland: Appalachian Spring George Gershwin, Samuel Barber, Aaron Copland; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 4
1983 Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue / Addinsell: Warsaw Concerto Gershwin, Addinsell; Misha Dichter, Philharmonia Orchestra, Neville Marriner 1
1983 Porgy and Bess (Houston Grand Opera Cast & Orchestra feat. conductor: John DeMain, bass-baritone: Donnie Ray Albert, soprano: Clamma Dale) George Gershwin 3
1983 Rhapsody in Blue / Piano Concerto in F / An American in Paris Gershwin; English Chamber Orchestra, Steuart Bedford, Daniel Blumenthal 1
1983 The Gershwin Album Gershwin; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Philippe Entremont 1
1984 Rhapsody in Blue / “I Got Rhythm” Variations / Catfish Row George Gershwin; Alexis Weissenberg, Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa 1
1985 Rhapsodies Gershwin; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Michael Tilson Thomas 1
1985 Fascinatin' Rampal Gershwin; Jean-Pierre Rampal 1
1985 Rhapsody in Blue / An American in Paris George Gershwin; Michael Reeves, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley 1
1985 Rhapsody in Blue / An American in Paris / Piano Concerto in F Gershwin; Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1985 Rhapsody in Blue / Concerto in F / American in Paris Gershwin; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 2
1987 Strike Up the Band: The Canadian Brass Plays George Gershwin George Gershwin; The Canadian Brass 2
1987 Francois-Joel Thiollier joue Gershwin George Gershwin 1
1987 George Gershwin plays Rhapsody In Blue using the original Piano Rolls (Denver Symphony Pops, Newton Wayland) George Gershwin 1
1987 Kiri Sings Gershwin George Gershwin 2
1987 Rhapsody in Blue / An American in Paris / Lullaby / Cuban Overture Gershwin; The Cleveland Orchestra, Riccardo Chailly, Katia & Marielle Labèque 1
1987 Rhapsody in Blue / The Gershwin Songbook / Who Cares? George Gershwin; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Andrew Litton 1
1987 Rhapsody in blue, Concerto en fa / Rhapsodie sur un thème de Paganini Gershwin, Rachmaninov; Daniël Wayenberg 1
1988 An American in Paris (The Philadelphia Orchestra) George Gershwin 1
1988 An American in Paris / Cuban Overture / "Porgy and Bess" Suite Gershwin; Dallas Symphony Orchestra, Eduardo Mata 1
1988 Second Rhapsody: Music for Two Pianos by George Gershwin George Gershwin; Katia & Marielle Labèque 3
1989 Complete Piano Works George Gershwin; Dag Achatz 1
1989 Grofé: Grand Canyon Suite / Gershwin: Porgy and Bess Suite Ferde Grofé, George Gershwin 1
1989 Piano Concerto / La Création du monde Gershwin, Milhaud 1
1989 Porgy and Bess (The Glyndebourne Chorus & London Philharmonic feat. conductor: Simon Rattle) George Gershwin 2
1989 Ravel: Bolero / Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue / Gershwin: An American in Paris / Debussy: Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune / Barber: Adagio for Strings Ravel / Gershwin / Debussy / Barber 1
1989 Rhapsody in Blue / An American in Paris Gershwin; Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit, Louis Lortie 1
1989 Rhapsody in Blue / An American in Paris / Porgy and Bess (Orchestral Suite) George Gershwin; Jenő Jandó, Budapest Philharmonic Orchestra, János Sándor 2
1989 Rhapsody in Blue / Appalachian Spring / Quiet City / Knoxville / Adagio Barber, Copland, Gershwin; City of London Sinfonia, Richard Hickox 1
1989 Virtuoso Piano Music (Piano: Mario-Ratko Delorko) George Gershwin 1
1990 Rhapsody in Blue / An American in Paris / Piano Concerto George Gershwin; CSR Symphony Orchestra, Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Richard Hayman, Kathryn Selby 2 2
1990 Fascinating Rhythm: The Complete Music for Solo Piano George Gershwin; Angela Brownridge 2
1990 Rhapsody in Blue / Second Rhapsody for Orchestra with Piano / Preludes / Unpublished Piano Works Gershwin; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Michael Tilson Thomas 1
1990 Arias and Barcarolles / School for Scandal / An American in Paris Bernstein, Barber, Gershwin; Seattle Symphony, Gerard Schwarz 1
1990 Gershwin: 3 Preludes / 6 Songs / Corea: 20 Children's Songs George Gershwin, Chick Corea; Leon Bates 1
1990 The Complete Gershwin: Works for Orchestra, Piano & Orchestra George Gershwin; Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, Leonard Slatkin, Jeffrey Siegel 1
1991 Gershwin Bernstein George Gershwin, Leonard Bernstein; Garrick Ohlsson, Edo de Waart, Minnesota Orchestra 1
1991 Rhapsody in Blue George Gershwin 1
1991 Rhapsody in Blue / Piano Concerto / Song-Book George Gershwin; London Sinfonietta, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle, Peter Donohoe 1
1992 Gershwin Collection George Gershwin 1
1992 Gershwin Overtures (The New Princess Theater Orchestra feat. conductor John McGlinn) George Gershwin 1
1992 The Best of George Gershwin, Volume 1 George Gershwin 2
1993 Ragtime Music of Scott Joplin & George Gershwin Scott Joplin & George Gershwin 5 1
1993 Gershwin, Copland, Schuller, Bloch Gershwin, Copland, Schuller, Bloch; Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti 1
1993 Copland: Clarinet Concerto / Bernstein: Sonata for Clarinet / Gershwin: Three Preludes Copland, Bernstein, Gershwin; Richard Stoltzman, London Symphony Orchestra, Michael Tilson Thomas, Eric Stern 1
1993 Rhapsody in Blue / An American in Paris / Concerto in F Gershwin; Boston Pops Orchestra, Arthur Fiedler, Earl Wild 1
1993 Gershwin Plays Gershwin: The Piano Rolls George Gershwin 1
1993 Classical Treasures George Gershwin 1
1993 Digital George: A Collection of Gershwin Classics (New Palais Royale Orchestra feat piano: Ivan Davis, conductor: Maurice Peress) George Gershwin 1
1993 Masters of the Roll: Rare Original Recordings From the Reproducing Piano by the Great masters of Classical Piano 1904 - 1935: A 32 CD Catalogue: Disc 5 George Gershwin 2
1993 Rhapsody in Blue (Castle Communications 1993) George Gershwin 1
1993 Rhapsody in Blue / An American in Paris / “Porgy and Bess” Suite (Catfish Row) / Cuban Overture George Gershwin; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, James Levine 2
1994 George Gershwin Plays George Gershwin George Gershwin 1
1994 Rhapsody in Blue & Other Orchestral Works Gershwin; Earl Wild, Boston Pops Orchestra, Arthur Fiedler 1 5
1994 An American in Paris / Suite: Catfish Row / Variations on "I Got Rhythm" / Girl Crazy / Strike Up the Band George Gershwin; BBC Philharmonic, Yan Pascal Tortelier, Howard Shelley 1
1995 Classical Masterpieces: George Gershwin George Gershwin; Slovak National Philharmonic Orchestra 1
1995 Rhapsody in Blue / An American in Paris / Piano Concerto / Porgy and Bess Gershwin; Aalborg Symfoniorkester, Wayne Marshall 1
1995 The Piano Rolls, Volume Two George Gershwin 1
1996 America Leonard Bernstein, George Gershwin; Pro Arte Guitar Trio 1
1996 Gershwin Concert George Gershwin; Boston Pops Orchestra, Arthur Fiedler 1
1996 Second Rhapsody / Piano Concerto in F / Porgy and Bess: Symphonic Suite Gershwin; Aalborg Symphony, Wayne Marshall 1
1997 I Got Rhythm: Wayne Marshall Plays George Gershwin George Gershwin; Wayne Marshall 1
1997 Piano Concertos Gershwin, Ravel; Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, David Zinman, Hélène Grimaud 1
1997 Rediscovered II George Gershwin; Alicia Zizzo 1
1998 Giora Feidmann - Gershwin & The Klezmer George Gershwin 1
1998 I Got Rhythm / Concerto in F major / Rhapsody No. 2 / Préludes / Cuban Overture George Gershwin; Werner Haas 2
1998 A Century of Glory George Gershwin 1
1998 George & Ira Gershwin: Standards & Gems George Gershwin 1
1998 Gershwin Fantasy George Gershwin; Joshua Bell, London Symphony Orchestra, John Williams 1
1998 Grofé: Grand Canyon Suite / Gershwin: Porgy & Bess: Symphonic Suite “Catfish Row” Grofé, Gershwin; Cincinnati Pops Orchestra, Erich Kunzel 1
1998 Porgy & Bess: 1951 Studio Recording George Gershwin 1
1998 Porgy and Bess (Bulgarian radio Symphony Orchestra & Chorus) George Gershwin 1
1998 Rhapsody in Blue George Gershwin 1
1998 Rhapsody in Blue George Gershwin 1
1998 The 100th Birthday Celebration George Gershwin; San Francisco Symphony, Michael Tilson Thomas 1
1999 Gershwin Centennial Edition Gershwin; Royal Scottish National Orchestra, José Serebrier, Leopold Godowsky III 1
1999 Gershwin George Gershwin; Fazil Say 1
1999 Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue, An American in Paris / Copland: Appalachian Spring, Fanfare for the Common Man George Gershwin, Aaron Copland; Cleveland Orchestra, Lorin Maazel, Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta 1
1999 Great Scenes from Gershwin’s Porgy and Bess (1963 studio cast) George Gershwin; Leontyne Price, William Warfield, McHenry Boatwright, John W. Bubbles, RCA Victor Chorus, Leonard de Paur, RCA Victor Orchestra, Skitch Henderson 3
2000 Kickin’ the Clouds Away: Gershwin at the Piano George Gershwin 1
2001 Fantasy in Blue Purcell, Gershwin; Fuoco e Cenere, Jay Bernfeld, Rinat Shaham 1
2001 Rhapsody in Blue / Piano Concerto in F / An American in Paris George Gershwin; Daniel Blumenthal, English Chamber Orchestra, Steuart Bedford 1
2002 Russo: Street Music / Three Pieces for Blues Band and Symphony Orchestra / Gershwin: An American in Paris Russo, Gershwin; San Francisco Symphony, Seiji Ozawa 1
2004 Gershwin: An American in Paris / Grainger: Fantasy on George Gershwin's "Porgy and Bess" George Gershwin, Percy Grainger; Katia and Marielle Labèque 2
2004 Tchaikovsky: 1812 / Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue / Gershwin: An American in Paris Tchaikovsky, Gershwin; Erich Kunzel, Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra 1
2005 An American in Paris / Catfish Row (Suite from "Porgy and Bess") / Promenade / Rhapsody in Blue / Cuban Overture Gershwin; Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, Leonard Slatkin 1
2005 Mathieu: Concerto de Québec / Addinsell: Warsaw Concerto / Gershwin: Concerto en fa Mathieu, Addinsell, Gershwin; Alain Lefèvre, Orchestre symphonique de Québec, Yoav Talmi 1
2005 Piano Concertos of the 1920s, Volume 2 Schulhoff, Antheil, Gershwin; Michael Rische 1
2006 Coleção Folha de música clássica, volume 24: Gershwin, Ravel, Debussy George Gershwin, Maurice Ravel, Claude Debussy; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2006 Porgy and Bess George Gershwin, DuBose and Dorothy Heyward, Ira Gershwin; Alvy Powell, Marquita Lister, Robert Mack, Nicole Cabell, Nashville Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, John Mauceri 1
2006 Rhapsody in Blue / Orchesterwerke George Gershwin 1
2007 Piano Concerto in F / Rhapsody in Blue / Cuban Overture Gershwin; Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra, Jeff Tyzik, Jon Nakamatsu 3

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