Legal name: Jean Reinhardt
Jean "Django" Reinhardt (French: [dʒãŋɡo ʁɛjnaʁt] or [dʒɑ̃ɡo ʁenɑʁt]; 23 January 1910 – 16 May 1953) was a Belgium-born French guitarist and composer of Romani ethnicity.
Reinhardt is regarded as one of the greatest guitar players of all time; he was the first important European jazz musician who made major contributions to the development of the guitar genre. After his fourth and fifth fingers were paralyzed when he suffered burns in a fire, Reinhardt used only the index and middle finger of his left hand on his solos. He created an entirely new style of jazz guitar technique (sometimes called 'hot' jazz guitar), which has since become a living musical tradition within French Gypsy culture. With violinist Stéphane Grappelli, Reinhardt co-founded the Quintette du Hot Club de France, described by critic Thom Jurek as "one of the most original bands in the history of recorded jazz". Reinhardt's most popular compositions have become jazz standards, including "Minor Swing", "Daphne", "Belleville", "Djangology", "Swing '42", and "Nuages".
- ^ His official forename was not "Jean-Baptiste" as often cited. The name on his birth certificate is "Reinhardt, Jean". His biographer Michael Dregni states that "Jean Reinhardt" is the name used on all official documents. Dregni, Michael (2004). Django: The Life and Music of a Gypsy Legend. Oxford University Press. pp. 4–5. ISBN 0-19-516752-X.
- ^ "The Chase". 8 July 2014. ITV1.
- ^ Balen, Noël (2003). Django Reinhart : Le Génie vagabond. ISBN 978-2268045610.
- ^ Dregni, Michael (2004). Django : The Life and Music of a Gypsy Legend. Oxford University Press. p. 200. ISBN 9780198037439.
Django's French passport #00132 was issued American visa #PV 2439
- ^ Jurek, Thom. "The Hot Jazz: Le Hot Club De France, Vols. 1-4". Allmusic. Retrieved 30 November 2011.