Ella Fitzgerald

~ Person

Legal name: Ella Jane Fitzgerald


Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996) was an American jazz singer often referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz and Lady Ella. She was noted for her purity of tone, impeccable diction, phrasing and intonation, and a "horn-like" improvisational ability, particularly in her scat singing.

After tumultuous teenage years, Fitzgerald found stability in musical success with the Chick Webb Orchestra. Performing across the country but most often associated with the Savoy Ballroom in Harlem. Fitzgerald's rendition of the nursery rhyme "A-Tisket, A-Tasket" helped boost both her and Webb to national fame. Taking over the band after Webb died, Fitzgerald left it behind in 1942 to start a solo career that would last essentially the rest of her life.

Signed with manager and Savoy co-founder Moe Gale from early in her career, she eventually gave managerial control for her performance and recording career to Norman Granz, who built up the label Verve Records based in part on Fitzgerald's vocal abilities. With Verve she recorded some of her more widely noted works, particularly her interpretation of the Great American Songbook.

While Fitzgerald appeared in movies and as a guest on popular television shows in the second half of the twentieth century, her musical collaborations with Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and The Ink Spots were some of her most notable acts outside of her solo career. These partnerships produced recognizable songs like "Dream a Little Dream of Me", "Cheek to Cheek", "Into Each Life Some Rain Must Fall", and "It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)". In 1993, Fitzgerald capped off her sixty-year career with her last public performance. Three years later, she died at the age of 79, following years of decline in her health. After her passing, Fitzgerald's influence lived on through her fourteen Grammy Awards, National Medal of Arts, Presidential Medal of Freedom, and tributes in the form of stamps, music festivals, and theater namesakes.

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Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2003 A Jazz Hour With Ella Fitzgerald: How High the Moon Ella Fitzgerald 1
2003 Back 2 Back Christmas Hits Nat King Cole/Ella Fitzgerald 1
2003 Ballads Ella Fitzgerald 1
2003 The Chronological Classics: Ella Fitzgerald 1952 Ella Fitzgerald 1
2003 The Essential Ella Fitzgerald Ella Fitzgerald 1
2004 A Proper Introduction to Ella Fitzgerald: Smooth Sailing Ella Fitzgerald 1
2004 Classic Jazz Archive: Ella Fitzgerald Ella Fitzgerald 1
2004 Romance and Rhythm Ella Fitzgerald 1
2004 Ella & Louis Together Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong 1
2004 Grand Collection Ella Fitzgerald 1
2004 That Old Black Magic Ella Fitzgerald 1
2005 Quadromania Jazz Edition: Ella Fitzgerald: Airmail Special Ella Fitzgerald 1
2005 Just Jazz: Live: Lady Be Good Ella Fitzgerald 1
2005 Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong for Lovers Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong 1
2006 1918–1996 Ella Fitzgerald 2
2006 Ella Fitzgerald Ella Fitzgerald 1
2006 Lady Be Good! Ella Fitzgerald 1
2006 The Very Best of the Song Books Ella Fitzgerald 1
2006 18 Greatest Ella Fitzgerald 1
2006 Icons Ella Fitzgerald 1
2006 Music & Moonlight: Songbook Selections 1956-1959 Ella Fitzgerald 1
2006 The Collection Ella Fitzgerald 1
2006 The First Lady of Song Ella Fitzgerald 1
2006 What a Wonderful Duet Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong 1
2007 The Very Best of the Cole Porter Song Book Ella Fitzgerald 1
2007 Forever Ella Ella Fitzgerald 1
2007 Love for Sale Ella Fitzgerald 1
2007 Gold Ella Fitzgerald 1
2007 Coleção Folha clássicos do jazz, Volume 6 Ella Fitzgerald 1
2007 De legendes van de jazz Ella Fitzgerald / Chet Baker 1
2007 Goody, Goody Ella Fitzgerald 1
2008 Unique Ella Fitzgerald 1
2008 Ella & Louis Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong 1
2008 Songbooks: Sings Cole Porter & Rogers and Hart Ella Fitzgerald 2
2009 The Great American Songbook Ella Fitzgerald 1
2009 Ella & Louis: Together Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong 1
2009 Golden Voices (Remastered) Ella Fitzgerald 1
2009 Ella Fitzgerald Ella Fitzgerald 2
2009 Legendary Recordings Ella Fitzgerald 1
2010 The Rough Guide to Jazz Legends: Ella Fitzgerald Ella Fitzgerald 5 1
2011 ICON: Love Songs Ella Fitzgerald 1
2011 Singing and Swinging Together Ella & Louis 1
2011 Colección Grandes Maestros del Jazz 2 Ella Fitzgerald 1
2012 Mitos do jazz, Volume 3: Ella Fitzgerald Ella Fitzgerald 1
2012 Seven Classic Albums Ella Fitzgerald 1
2012 More Than a Dream Ella & Louis 1
2012 Ella Fitzgerald Christmas Ella Fitzgerald 1
2012 Coleção Folha grandes vozes, Volume 10: Ella Fitzgerald Ella Fitzgerald 1
2013 Six Classic Albums, Volume 2 Ella Fitzgerald 1
2013 The Complete Chick Webb & Ella Fitzgerald Decca Sessions (1934-1941) Ella Fitzgerald and Chick Webb 1

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