Ella Fitzgerald

~ Person

Legal name: Ella Jane Fitzgerald

Wikipedia

Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996) was an American jazz singer often referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz and Lady Ella. She was noted for her purity of tone, impeccable diction, phrasing and intonation, and a "horn-like" improvisational ability, particularly in her scat singing.

After tumultuous teenage years, Fitzgerald found stability in musical success with the Chick Webb Orchestra, performing across the country, but most often associated with the Savoy Ballroom in Harlem. Fitzgerald's rendition of the nursery rhyme "A-Tisket, A-Tasket" helped boost both her and Webb to national fame. Taking over the band after Webb died, Fitzgerald left it behind in 1942 to start a solo career that would last essentially the rest of her life.

Signed with manager and Savoy co-founder Moe Gale from early in her career, she eventually gave managerial control for her performance and recording career to Norman Granz, who built up the label Verve Records based in part on Fitzgerald's vocal abilities. With Verve she recorded some of her more widely noted works, particularly her interpretation of the Great American Songbook.

While Fitzgerald appeared in movies and as a guest on popular television shows in the second half of the twentieth century, her musical collaborations with Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and The Ink Spots were some of her most notable acts outside of her solo career. These partnerships produced recognizable songs like "Dream a Little Dream of Me", "Cheek to Cheek", "Into Each Life Some Rain Must Fall", and "It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)". In 1993, Fitzgerald capped off her sixty-year career with her last public performance. Three years later, she died at the age of 79, following years of decline in her health. After her passing, Fitzgerald's influence lived on through her fourteen Grammy Awards, National Medal of Arts, Presidential Medal of Freedom, and tributes in the form of stamps, music festivals, and theater namesakes.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1949 Souvenir Album Ella Fitzgerald 1
1955 Lullabies of Birdland Ella Fitzgerald 3
1956 Ella and Louis Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong 3.35 9
1956 Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Cole Porter Song Book Ella Fitzgerald 9
1957 Porgy & Bess Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong 8
1957 Ella and Louis Again Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong 4 5
1957 Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Duke Ellington Song Book Ella Fitzgerald 5
1957 Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Gershwin Song Book, Volume 1 Ella Fitzgerald 1
1957 Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Rodgers and Hart Song Book Ella Fitzgerald 6
1958 Ella Swings Lightly Ella Fitzgerald 2
1958 The Irving Berlin Songbook Ella Fitzgerald 4
1959 Ella Fitzgerald Sings the George and Ira Gershwin Songbook Ella Fitzgerald 5 6
1959 Get Happy! Ella Fitzgerald 2
1959 Sings Sweet Songs for Swingers Ella Fitzgerald 2
1960 Ella Wishes You a Swinging Christmas Ella Fitzgerald 4
1960 Hello Love Ella Fitzgerald 2
1960 Let No Man Write My Epitaph Ella Fitzgerald 2
1961 Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Harold Arlen Song Book Ella Fitzgerald 4
1963 Ella and Basie! Ella Fitzgerald & The Count Basie Orchestra 5
1963 Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Jerome Kern Songbook Ella Fitzgerald 4
1963 Ella Sings Broadway Ella Fitzgerald 2
1963 These Are the Blues Ella Fitzgerald 3
1964 Ella At Juan-Les-Pins Ella Fitzgerald 1
1964 Hello, Dolly! Ella Fitzgerald 2
1965 Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Johnny Mercer Song Book Ella Fitzgerald 4
1966 Ella Fitzgerald Ella Fitzgerald 1
1966 Whisper Not Ella Fitzgerald 2
1967 Brighten the Corner Ella Fitzgerald 3
1967 In Concert Ella Fitzgerald & Billie Holiday 1
1968 30 by Ella Ella Fitzgerald 3
1968 Ella Fitzgerald's Christmas Ella Fitzgerald 6
1968 Misty Blue Ella Fitzgerald 2
1969 Ella Ella Fitzgerald 3
1972 Ella Loves Cole Ella Fitzgerald 1
1974 Take Love Easy Ella Fitzgerald & Joe Pass 3
1976 Ella and Oscar Ella Fitzgerald & Oscar Peterson 6
1976 Fitzgerald and Pass... Again Ella Fitzgerald & Joe Pass 3
1978 "Fine and Mellow": Ella Fitzgerald Jams Ella Fitzgerald 3
1978 Dream Dancing: Ella Fitzgerald & Cole Porter Ella Fitzgerald 3
1978 Lady Time Ella Fitzgerald 2
1982 A Classy Pair Ella Fitzgerald & The Count Basie Orchestra 3
1983 Speak Love Ella Fitzgerald & Joe Pass 3
1983 The Best Is Yet to Come Ella Fitzgerald 2
1985 Newport Jazz Festival Live at Carnegie Hall, July 5, 1973 Ella Fitzgerald 1
1986 Easy Living Ella Fitzgerald & Joe Pass 5
1987 Nice Work If You Can Get It Ella Fitzgerald & André Previn 2
1989 Clap Hands, Here Comes Charlie! Ella Fitzgerald 4
1989 Ella / Things Ain't What They Used to Be (and You Better Believe It) Ella Fitzgerald 1
1989 All That Jazz Ella Fitzgerald 2
1991 Like Someone in Love Ella Fitzgerald 1

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