Carl Stamitz

~ Person

Wikipedia

Carl Philipp Stamitz (Czech: Karel Stamic; baptized 8 May 1745 – 9 November 1801), who changed his given name from Karl, was a German composer of partial Czech ancestry. He was the most prominent representative of the second generation of the Mannheim School.

He was the eldest son of Johann Stamitz, a violinist and composer of the pre-classical area. Born in Mannheim, he received lessons from his father and Christian Cannabich, his father's successor as leader of the Mannheim orchestra.

As a youth, Stamitz was employed as a violinist in the court orchestra at Mannheim. In 1770, he began travelling as a virtuoso, accepting short-term engagements, but never managing to gain a permanent position. He visited a number of European cities, living for a time in Strasbourg and London. In 1794, he gave up travelling and moved with his family to Jena in central Germany, but his circumstances deteriorated and he descended into debt and poverty, dying in 1801. Papers on alchemy were found after his death.

Stamitz wrote symphonies, symphonies concertantes, and concertos for clarinet, cello, flute, bassoon, basset horn, violin, viola, viola d’amore and different combinations of some of these instruments. Some of his clarinet and viola concertos are particularly admired. He also wrote duos, trios and quartets. Two operas, Der verliebte Vormund and Dardanus, are now lost. Stylistically, his music resembles that of Mozart or Haydn and is characterized by appealing melodies, although his writing for the solo instruments is not excessively virtuosic. The opening movements of his orchestral works, which are in sonata form, are generally followed by expressive and lyrical middle movements and final movements in the form of a rondo.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1992 Sinfonia à 4 / Concerto for Clarinet / Concerto for Two Flutes and Orchestra Carl Stamitz 1
1993 Cello Concertos nos. 1-3 Carl Stamitz; Christian Benda, Prague Chamber Orchestra 2
1997 Clarinet Concertos, Volume 1 Carl Stamitz; Nicolaus Esterházy Sinfonia, Kálmán Berkes, Tomoko Takashima, Koji Okazaki 1
1999 Clarinet Concertos, Volume 2 (Nicolaus Esterházy Sinfonia feat. clarinet: Kálmán Berkes) Carl Stamitz 1
2002 Chamber Works (Camerata Köln) Carl Stamitz 1
2011 Viola Concertos (Baltimore Chamber Orchestra feat. conductor: Markand Thakar, viola: Victoria Chiang) Franz Anton Hoffmeister / Carl Stamitz 1
2012 Johann & Carl Stamitz: Clarinet Concertos (clarinet: Sabine Meyer) Carl Stamitz, Johann Stamitz & Sabine Meyer 1
Carl Stamitz - Six Duos for Violin & Viola (Violin & Viola: Gabriella Demeterova) Carl Stamitz 1
Duos for Violin and Viola Carl Stamitz; Vilmos Szabadi, Péter Bársony 1
Four Symphonies Carl Stamitz; L'arte del mondo, Werner Ehrhardt 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1986 Stamitz & Benda Flute Concertos Carl Stamitz, Franz Benda; Mikael Helasvuo, The Helsinki Chamber Orchestra, Jukka-Pekka Saraste 1
1998 Stamitz: Symphonies & Concertos Johann Stamitz, Carl Stamitz 1

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