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Earth, Wind & Fire is an American band that has spanned the musical genres of R&B, soul, funk, jazz, disco, pop, rock, Latin, African and gospel. They are one of the most successful and critically acclaimed bands of the twentieth century. Rolling Stone has described them as "innovative, precise yet sensual, calculated yet galvanizing" and has also declared that the band "changed the sound of black pop".

Also known as EWF, the band was founded in Chicago by Maurice White in 1969. Other members have included Philip Bailey, Verdine White, Ralph Johnson, Larry Dunn, Al McKay, Johnny Graham, and Andrew Woolfolk. The band has received 20 Grammy nominations; they won six as a group and two of its members, Maurice White and Bailey, won separate individual awards. Earth, Wind & Fire have 12 American Music Awards nominations and four awards. They have been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, the Vocal Group Hall of Fame, received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, and sold over 100 million records, making them one of the world's best-selling bands of all time. Five members of Earth, Wind & Fire were also inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame: Maurice White, Philip Bailey, Verdine White, Larry Dunn and Al McKay. The music industry and fans have bestowed Lifetime Achievement honors from the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (Rhythm & Soul Heritage Award – 2002), NAACP (Hall of Fame – 1994) and the BET Awards (Lifetime Achievement Award – 2002).

Earth, Wind & Fire is known for the dynamic sound of their horn section, their energetic and elaborate stage shows, and the interplay between the contrasting vocals of Philip Bailey's falsetto and Maurice White's tenor. The kalimba (African thumb piano) is played on all of the band's albums. In the 1970s and early 1980s, the band had many hits, including "Shining Star", "That's the Way of the World", "Devotion", "Reasons", "Sing a Song", "Can't Hide Love", "Getaway", "Fantasy", "Love's Holiday", "September", "Boogie Wonderland", "After the Love Has Gone", and "Let's Groove". Two Earth, Wind & Fire classic songs have been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame: "That’s the Way of the World" (2004) and "Shining Star" (2007).

The band is also known as having been the first African-American act to sell out Madison Square Garden and to receive the MSG Gold Ticket Award. President Barack Obama invited Earth, Wind & Fire to perform at the White House for the first social event of the new administration.

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Discography

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Album

Year Title RatingReleases
1971 Earth, Wind & Fire 3
1971 The Need of Love 1
1972 Last Days and Time 3
1973 Head to the Sky 3
1974 Open Our Eyes 6
1975 That's the Way of the World 4
1975 Gratitude 1
1976 Spirit 3
1977 All 'n All 8
1979 I Am 5
1980 Faces 5 5
1981 Raise! 3 3
1983 Powerlight 3 2
1983 Electric Universe 2 2
1987 Touch the World 5 4
1990 Heritage 2
1993 Millennium 1
1997 In the Name of Love 2
2003 The Promise 2
2003 Avatar 1
2005 Illumination 2
2007 Last Days and Time / Head to the Sky 1
2010 Raise! / Powerlight 1
2013 Now, Then & Forever 5
2014 Holiday 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title RatingReleases
1978 The Best of Earth, Wind & Fire, Volume 1 5
1988 Dance Trax 1
1988 The Best of Earth, Wind & Fire, Volume II 2
1990 Let's Groove 1
1991 Earth Wind & Fire: The Very Best Of 1
1991 The Love Songs 1
1991 The Very Best Of 2
1991 The Very Best of Earth Wind & Fire 1
1991 The Very Best of Earth, Wind & Fire 1
1992 The Eternal Dance 1
1993 The Very Best 1
1994 The Very Best 1
1995 Definitive Collection 2
1995 Love Songs 1
1996 Let's Groove: The Best of Earth, Wind & Fire 5 1
1997 Let's Groove 1
1997 Let's Groove: Six Great Hits 1
1998 Greatest Hits 2
1998 Super Hits 1
1999 The Ultimate Collection 1
2002 September 1
2002 The Essential Earth, Wind & Fire 1
2002 Best of Earth, Wind & Fire 1
2004 Collections 1
2004 The Great Earth, Wind & Fire 1

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