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Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Russian:  Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич , tr. Dmitrij Dmitrievič Šostakovič, pronounced [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj ˈdmʲitrʲɪɪvʲɪt͡ɕ ʂəstɐˈkovʲɪt͡ɕ]; 25 September 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist, and a prominent figure of 20th-century music.

Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet chief of staff Mikhail Tukhachevsky, but later had a complex and difficult relationship with the government. Nevertheless, he received accolades and state awards and served in the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (1947–1962) and the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (from 1962 until his death).

After a period influenced by Sergei Prokofiev and Igor Stravinsky, Shostakovich developed a hybrid style, as exemplified by Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District (1934). This single work juxtaposed a wide variety of trends, including the neo-classical style (showing the influence of Stravinsky) and post-Romanticism (after Gustav Mahler). Sharp contrasts and elements of the grotesque characterize much of his music.

Shostakovich's orchestral works include 15 symphonies and six concerti. His chamber output includes 15 string quartets, a piano quintet, two piano trios, and two pieces for string octet. His piano works include two solo sonatas, an early set of preludes, and a later set of 24 preludes and fugues. Other works include three operas, several song cycles, ballets, and a substantial quantity of film music; especially well known is The Second Waltz, Op. 99, music to the film The First Echelon (1955–1956).

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Discography

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Album

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1964 Symphony No. 5 Shostakovich; Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra, Kyrill Kondrashin 4
1966 Symphony No. 10 in E minor (Op. 93) Shostakovich; U.S.S.R. Symphony Orchestra, Svetlanov 1
1975 Symphony No. 10 Shostakovich; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Andrew Davis 4
1980 Symphony No. 5 Shostakovich; Leonard Bernstein, New York Philharmonic 1
1980 Symphony No. 5 in D minor / Festival Overture Shostakovich; USSR Symphony Orchestra, Yevgeny Svetlanov 2
1981 Symphony No. 5, Op. 47 Shostakovich; The Cleveland Orchestra, Lorin Maazel 1
1983 Piano Concertos nos. 1 & 2 / The Assault on Beautiful Gorky Shostakovich; English Chamber Orchestra, Jerzy Maksymiuk, Dmitri Alexeev, Philip Jones 2
1983 Shostakovich: Symphony No.5 / Prokofiev: Romeo & Juliet Suite No. 1 (National Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Mstislav Rostropovich) Shostakovich / Prokofiev 1
1983 Symphony no. 5 Shostakovich, Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
1983 Symphony No. 5 (National Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Mstislav Rostropovich) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 3
1983 Symphony No. 15, Op. 141 / From Jewish Folk Poetry, Op. 79 (feat. conductor: Bernard Haitink) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1984 Barber: Cello Concerto / Shostakovich: Cello Concerto no. 1 Samuel Barber, Dmitri Shostakovich; Raphael Wallfisch, English Chamber Orchestra, Geoffrey Simon 1
1984 Symphony no. 8 Shostakovich; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 3
1985 Cello Concertos Nos. 1, 2 (Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks feat. conductor: Maxim Shostakovich, cello: Heinrich Schiff) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 3
1985 Piano Concerto No. 1, Op. 35 / Chamber Symphony Op. 110a (I Musici de Montréal feat. conductor: Maxim Shostakovich, Yuli Turovsky) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1985 Symphonies Nos. 1, 9 (London Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Bernard Haitink) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1985 Symphony no. 1 in F, op. 10 / Symphony no. 6 in B minor, op. 54 Dmitri Shostakovich; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1985 Symphony No. 11 in G minor, Op. 103 "The Year 1905" (Concertgebouw Orchestra, feat. conductor: Bernard Haitink) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1985 Symphony No. 12 in D Minor "The Year 1917" (USSR Ministry of Culture Symphony Orchestra, feat. conductor: Gennady Rozhdestvensky) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1986 Piano Concerto No.2 Op.102, Symphony for strings Op.118a (I Musici De Montreal, feat. Maxim Dmitrovich Shostakovich conductor, Dmitri Maximovich Shostakovich piano) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1986 Symphony no. 10 in E minor, op. 93 Shostakovich; Philharmonia Orchestra, Simon Rattle 2
1987 Symphony no. 5, op. 47 Dmitri Shostakovich; Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra, Yuri Ahronovitch 1
1987 Film Music from The Gadfly / Piragov (Belgian Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: José Serebrier) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1987 String Quartets Nos. 4, 6 & 11 (Borodin String Quartet) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1987 String Quartets Nos. 10, 13 & 14 (Borodin Quartet) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1987 Symphony No. 5 (Berliner Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Semyon Bychkov) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1987 Trio, Op. 67 / Sonata for Cello and Piano, Op. 40 Shostakovich; Stern, Ma, Ax 1
1988 Symphony No. 5 / Five Fragments (Royal Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Vladimir Ashkenazy) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 2
1988 Symphony No.7 'Leningrad' Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович;Ленинградский филармонический оркестр&Mariss Jansons 1
1988 Symphonies Nos. 1 & 6 (Royal Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Vladimir Ashkenazy) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1988 Beethoven: Op. 135 / Schostakowitsch Op. 144 Ludwig van Beethoven, Dimitri Schostakowitsch; Brodsky Quartet 1
1988 Piano Trios Tailleferre, Milhaud, Shostakovich, Roslavets; Clementi-Trio Köln 1
1988 Piano Trios Dvořák, Suk, Shostakovich; Ahn Trio 1
1988 Prokofiev: Symphonie concertante / Shostakovich: Concerto pour violincelle No. 1 (London Symphonie Orchestra, feat. conductor: Seiji Ozawa, violincello: Mstislav Rostropovich) Prokofiev / Shostakovich 1
1988 Symphony no. 7, the "Leningrad" Dmitri Shostakovich; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1988 Symphony No. 9 in E-flat, Op. 70 / Suite from Katerina Ismailova / Festive Overture, Op. 96 / Tea for Two, Op. 16 Dmitri Shostakovich; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1988 Symphony No. 10 (USSR Ministry of Culture Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Gennady Rozhdestvensky) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1988 Symphony no. 10 in E minor, op. 93 / Ballet Suite no. 4 Dmitri Shostakovich; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1988 Symphony No. 11, Op. 103 "The Year 1905" (USSR Ministry of Culture Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Gennady Rozhdestvensky) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1988 Symphony no. 14, op. 135 Dmitri Shostakovich; I Musici de Montréal, Yuli Turovsky, Elizabeth Holleque, Nikita Storojev 1
1988 Symphony No.11 "The Year 1905" Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1989 Symphony No. 8 (Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Yevgeny Mravinsky) (Recorded in Leningrad, USSR, March, 1982) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1989 Symphony No. 15 / October / Overture on Russian and Kirghiz Folk Themes Dmitri Shostakovich; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1989 Shostakovich: String Quartet No. 15 / Gubaidulina: Rejoice Shostakovich, Gubaidulina; Gidon Kremer, Daniel Phillips, Kim Kashkashian, Yo‐Yo Ma 1
1989 Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 7 "Leningrad" Dmitri Shostakovich; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Leonard Bernstein 3
1989 Ballet Suites 1, 2, 3 Dmitri Shostakovich; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1989 Shostakovich / Prokofiev Cello Sonatas Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович, Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев; Lynn Harrell, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1989 Shostakovich: Violin Concerto No. 1 / Prokofiev: Violin Concerto No. 2 Shostakovich, Prokofiev; Viktoria Mullova, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, André Previn 1
1989 String Quartets Nos. 7-9 (Brodsky Quartet) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 2
1989 Symphonies Nos. 10, 9 (New York Philharmonic feat. conductor: Dimitri Mitropoulos, Efrem Kurtz) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 2

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