Martín Codax

~ Person


Martin Codax (Galician: [maɾˈtiŋ koˈðaʃ]) or Martim Codax (Portuguese: [mɐɾˈtĩ kuˈðaʃ]) was a Galician medieval joglar (non-noble composer and performer—as opposed to a trobador) - possibly from Vigo, Galicia in present day Spain. He may have been active during the middle of the thirteenth century, judging from scriptological analysis (Monteagudo 2008). He is one of only two out of a total of 88 authors of cantigas d'amigo who used only the archaic strophic form aaB (a rhymed distich followed by a refrain). He employed an archaic rhyme-system whereby i~o / a~o were used in alternating strophes. In addition Martin Codax consistently utilised a strict parallelistic technique known as leixa-pren (see the example below; the order of the third and fourth strophes is inverted in the Pergaminho Vindel but the correct order appears in the Cancioneiro da Biblioteca Nacional and the Cancioneiro da Vaticana). There is no documentary biographical information concerning the poet, dating the work at present remains based on theoretical analysis of the text.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1988 Bella Domna Sinfonye 2
1993 The Essential Hyperion Various Artists 1
1993 Wanderers’ Voices: Medieval Cantigas & Minnesang (The Newberry Consort feat. conductor: Mary Springfels, countertenor: Drew Minter) The Newberry Consort 1
1995 Danzas medievales españolas: La España de los cinco reinos Eduardo Paniagua Group 1
2000 Reflexe - Stationen europäischer Musik Box 3 Various Artists 1
2005 Music For Alfonso The Wise Various Artists 1
2006 Lux Feminae (900-1600) Montserrat Figueras 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1990 Lo Gai Saber : Troubadours et Jongleurs 1100-1300 Camerata Mediterranea, Joel Cohen 1
2001 The Chants of Camino De Santiago (Amadis Ensemble) Various Artists 1
2004 Sweet Music for Bathing Various Artists 1
2005 Trouvères & Troubadours: Minnesänger & Other Courtly Arts Various Artists 1
2006 Music From the Time of the Crusades Various Artists 1
2009 Guide des instruments anciens Various Artists 1

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