Wikipedia

Ralph Vaughan Williams OM (/ˈrf ˌvɔːn ˈwɪljəmz/ 12 October 1872 – 26 August 1958) was an English composer. His works include operas, ballets, chamber music, secular and religious vocal pieces and orchestral compositions including nine symphonies, written over nearly fifty years. Strongly influenced by Tudor music and English folk-song, his output marked a decisive break in British music from its German-dominated style of the 19th century.

Vaughan Williams was born to a well-to-do family with strong moral views and a progressive social outlook. Throughout his life he sought to be of service to his fellow citizens, and believed in making music as available as possible to everybody. He wrote many works for amateur and student performance. He was musically a late developer, not finding his true voice until his late thirties; his studies in 1907–08 with the French composer Maurice Ravel helped him clarify the textures of his music and free it from Teutonic influences.

Vaughan Williams is among the best-known British symphonists, noted for his very wide range of moods, from stormy and impassioned to tranquil, from mysterious to exuberant. Among the most familiar of his other concert works are Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis (1910) and The Lark Ascending (1914). His vocal works include hymns, folk-song arrangements and large-scale choral pieces. He wrote eight works for stage performance between 1919 and 1951. Although none of his operas became popular repertoire pieces, his ballet Job: A Masque for Dancing (1930) was successful and has been frequently staged.

Two episodes made notably deep impressions in Vaughan Williams's personal life. The First World War, in which he served in the army, had a lasting emotional effect. Twenty years later, though in his sixties and devotedly married, he was reinvigorated by a love affair with a much younger woman, who later became his second wife. He went on composing through his seventies and eighties, producing his last symphony months before his death at the age of eighty-five. His works have continued to be a staple of the British concert repertoire, and all his major compositions and many of the minor ones have been recorded.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1970 A Sea Symphony Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1970 Greensleeves Ralph Vaughan Williams, Eric Coates; Morton Gould 1
1971 A London Symphony Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult 1
1978 Wind Music of Holst and Vaughan Williams Holst, Vaughan Williams; London Wind Orchestra, Denis Wick 1
1980 Arnaud: Three Fanfares for Brass & Percussion / Vaughan Williams: Toccata Marziale, Folk Song Suite / Grainger: Lincolnshire Posy, Shepherd's Hey Leo Arnaud, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Percy Grainger; Frederick Fennell, The Cleveland Symphonic Winds 1
1981 Vaughan Williams: Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis / Barber: Adagio for Strings / Grainger: Irish Tune from County Derry Vaughan Williams, Barber, Grainger; Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, Leonard Slatkin 2
1981 Sinfonia Antarctica Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1984 Vaughan Williams: The Wasps / Serenade to Music / Delius: Summer Night on the River / On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring / Summer Evening / Air and Dance Vaughan Williams, Delius; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley 2
1985 Symphony no. 3 "A Pastoral Symphony" / Symphony no. 4 Ralph Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 3
1985 Symphony No. 5 / Three Portraits from "The England of Elizabeth" Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1985 Symphony no. 6 / Symphony no. 9 Ralph Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1985 The Lark Ascending / Five Variants of "Dives and Lazarus" / The Wasps - Aristophanic Suite Vaughan Williams; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley, David Nolan 1
1986 Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis / Fantasia on Greensleeves / The Lark Ascending / Five Variants on Dives and Lazurus Vaughan Williams; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Neville Marriner 2
1986 Sinfonia Antartica Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, London Philharmonic Choir, Bernard Haitink 1
1987 Howells: Requiem / Vaughan Williams: Mass in G minor Herbert Howells, Ralph Vaughan Williams; Corydon Singers, Matthew Best 2
1987 Epithalamion / Merciless Beauty / Four Hymns (London Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Sir David Willcocks) Ralph Vaughan Williams 1
1987 Symphony no. 2 "London" / The Lark Ascending Ralph Vaughan Williams; Barry Griffiths, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, André Previn 1
1987 Symphony No. 5 in D / Flos Campi Vaughan Williams; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley 1
1987 Symphony no. 5 in D / The Lark Ascending Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, Bryden Thomson, Michael Davis 1
1988 A Sea Symphony Vaughan Williams; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Choir, Vernon Handley 1
1988 Bax: Clarinet Sonata / Bliss: Clarinet Quintet / Vaughan Williams: 6 Studies in English Folksong Bax, Bliss, Vaughan Williams; Janet Hilton, Lindsay String Quartet, Keith Swallow 1
1988 Dona Nobis Pacem / Five Mystical Songs (London Philharmonic, London Philharmonic Choir) Ralph Vaughan Williams 1
1988 Symphony no. 4 in F minor / Concerto Accademico Ralph Vaughan Williams; The London Symphony Orchestra, Bryden Thomson, Kenneth Sillito 1
1989 A Sea Symphony Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 2
1989 A London Symphony (no. 2) / Concerto Grosso Ralph Vaughan Williams; The London Symphony Orchestra, Bryden Thomson 1
1989 Husa / Copland / Vaughan Williams / Hindemith Husa, Copland, Vaughan Williams, Hindemith; Eastman Wind Ensemble, Donald Hunsberger 1
1989 Sinfonia Antarctica / Toward the Unknown Region Ralph Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, Bryden Thomson, Catherine Bott 1
1989 Symphony no. 5 in D major / Fantasia on a Theme of Thomas Tallis Vaughan Williams; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, André Previn 1
1989 The Wasps / The Lark Ascending / Florida Suite / Summer Evening Vaughan Williams, Delius; English Symphony Orchestra, William Boughton, Michael Bochmann 2
1990 Serenade to Music / Flos Campi / Five Mystical Songs / Fantasia on Christmas Carols Ralph Vaughan Williams; Corydon Singers, Matthew Best, English Chamber Orchestra 2
1990 Symphony No. 5 / Three Portraits from "The England of Elizabeth" / Concerto in F Minor for Bass Tuba Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1990 Symphony No. 2 "A London Symphony" / Concerto Accademico in D minor / The Wasps: Overture Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 2
1990 Symphony no. 8 in D minor / Partita / Fantasia on Greensleeves / Two Hymn-Tune Preludes Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, Bryden Thomson 1
1991 Sinfonia Antartica / The Wasps Ralph Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Choir and Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult, Norma Burrowes 1
1991 Symphony no. 4 / Symphony no. 6 Vaughan Williams; New Philharmonia Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult 1
1991 A Pastoral Symphony / Symphony no. 5 Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult 1
1991 A Sea Symphony (1968 recording) Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, London Philharmonic Choir, Sir Adrian Boult, Sheila Armstrong, John Carol Case 2
1991 Oboe Concerto / English Folksongs / Suite Partita / Fantasia on "Greensleeves" / Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis Vaughan Williams; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley, Jonathan Small 1
1991 Serenade To Music / Sinfonia Antartica Vaughan Williams; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Choir, Vernon Handley 1
1991 Serenade to Music / The Lark Ascending / Fantasia on Greensleeves / English Folk Song Suite / In the Fen Country / Norfolk Rhapsody no. 1 Vaughan Williams; Sir Adrian Boult 1
1991 Symphonies nos. 5 & 6 Vaughan Williams; Philharmonia Orchestra, Leonard Slatkin 1
1991 Symphony no. 6 / The Lark Ascending / Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis Vaughan Williams; BBC Symphony Orchestra, Andrew Davis, Tasmin Little 3
1991 Symphony no. 9 in E minor / Piano Concerto Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, Bryden Thomson, Howard Shelley 1
1992 A Sea Symphony Vaughan Williams; Philharmonia Orchestra, Philharmonia Chorus, Leonard Slatkin 1
1992 A Pastoral Symphony (no. 3) / Symphony no. 4 Vaughan Williams; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley 1
1992 Flos Campi / Suite for Viola and Orchestra / The Running Set / Hymn Tune Preludes Ralph Vaughan Williams; Bournemouth Sinfonietta and Choir, Norman Del Mar, George Hurst, Frederick Riddle 1
1992 Greensleeves Fantasia / The Lark Ascending / Serenade to Music / Tallis Fantasia Vaughan Williams; Sir Adrian Boult 1
1992 On Wenlock Edge / Job: A Masque for Dancing Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult, Richard Lewis 1
1992 Toward the Unknown Ralph Vaughan Williams 1
1993 A London Symphony / Norfolk Rhapsody No. 1 / Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis Vaughan Williams; Philharmonia Orchestra, Leonard Slatkin 1
1993 Symphonies Nos. 8 & 9 / Flourish for Glorious John Vaughan Williams; Philharmonia Orchestra, Leonard Slatkin 1
1993 Sancta Civitas / Dona nobis pacem Ralph Vaughan Williams; Yvonne Kenny, Philip Langridge, Bryn Terfel, Choristers of St Paul's Cathedral, London Symphony Chorus, London Symphony Orchestra, Richard Hickox 1
1993 Vaughan Williams: Greensleeves, The Lark Ascending, Oboe Concerto / Delius: Summer Night on the River, On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring Vaughan Williams, Delius; English Chamber Orchestra, Daniel Barenboim, Pinchas Zukerman, Neil Black 1
1993 Symphony no. 2 "London" / The Wasps (Overture) Vaughan Williams; Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Kees Bakels 2
1993 Sinfonia Antartica / Five Variants of Dives and Lazarus Vaughan Williams; Philharmonia Orchestra & Chorus, Leonard Slatkin, Linda Hohenfeld 1
1993 Songs of Travel / On Wenlock Edge / Orchestral Songs Vaughan Williams, Elgar, Butterworth; Thomas Allen, Robert Tear, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle, Vernon Handley 1
1993 Symphonies Nos. 3 & 4 Vaughan Williams; Philharmonia Orchestra, Leonard Slatkin 1
1993 Symphonies Nos. 4 & 5 Vaughan Williams; BBC Symphony Orchestra, Sir Andrew Davis 1
1993 Symphony no. 5 / Concerto for Two Pianos Ralph Vaughan Williams; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Yehudi Menuhin 1
1994 A Sea Symphony Vaughan Williams; BBC Symphony Orchestra, BBC Symphony Chorus, Sir Andrew Davis 1
1994 Symphonies nos. 3 "Pastoral" and 6 Vaughan Williams; Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Kees Bakels 2
1994 Ralph Vaughan-Williams: Job, A Masque for Dancing / The Wasps / Malcolm Arnold: Four Scottish Dances Ralph Vaughan Williams, Sir Malcolm Arnold; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult 1
1994 BBC Music, Volume 3, Number 2: Brahms: Clarinet Sonatas / Vaughan Williams: Six Studies / Milhaud: Duo Concertant Brahms, Vaughan Williams, Milhaud; Jonathan Cohler 1
1994 A Sea Symphony (1953 recording) Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra & Choir, Sir Adrian Boult, John Cameron, Isobel Baillie 1
1994 Fantasia on Greensleeves / Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis / The Lark Ascending Vaughan Williams; The New Queen's Hall Orchestra, Barry Wordsworth 1
1994 Symphony No. 2 "A London Symphony" & No. 8 Vaughan Williams; BBC Symphony Orchestra, Sir Andrew Davis 1
1994 Vaughan Williams: Symphony no. 5 in D / Bax: Tintagel Bax, Vaughan Williams; Philharmonia Orchestra, London Symphony Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli 1
1995 Over hill, over dale Ralph Vaughan Williams; Holst Singers, Stephen Layton, Ian Bostridge, Michael George 1
1995 Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis / In the Fen Country / Norfolk Rhapsody Vaughan Williams; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Sir Neville Marriner 1
1995 Riders to the Sea Ralph Vaughan Williams; Northern Sinfonia, The Sinfonia Chorus, Richard Hickox 1
1995 Vaughan Williams: Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis / Symphony No. 5 / Previn: Reflections Vaughan Williams, Previn; Symphony Orchestra of the Curtis Institute, André Previn 1
1996 Symphony No. 5 / Norfolk Rhapsody No. 1 / The Lark Ascending Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
1996 Choral Music Gustav Holst, Ralph Vaughan Williams; The Finzi Singers, Paul Spicer 1
1996 The English Song Series, Volume 1: including On Wenlock Edge Ralph Vaughan Williams; Anthony Rolfe Johnson, Simon Keenlyside, Graham Johnson, The Duke Quartet 1
1996 A Vaughan Williams Hymnal Ralph Vaughan Williams 3
1996 Job: A Masque For Dancing / The Pilgrim's Progress Vaughan Williams; BBC Northern Singers, BBC Northern Symphony Orchestra, Vernon Handley, Sir Charles Groves, Delyth Jones, Elsa Kendal, Robin Leggate 1
1996 Symphony No. 6 / Symphony No. 3 Vaughan Williams; BBC Symphony Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult 1
1997 Job, a Masque for Dancing / The Lark Ascending Ralph Vaughan Williams; English Northern Philharmonia, David Lloyd-Jones 1
1997 Elgar: Violin Concerto, op. 61 / Vaughan Williams: The Lark Ascending Elgar, Vaughan Williams; Kennedy, Simon Rattle, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra 2
1998 Symphonies Nos. 3, 4 Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
1998 Symphony no. 7 "Sinfonia antartica" / Symphony No. 8 Vaughan Williams; Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Kees Bakels 1
1998 Symphonies Nos. 5, 9 Vaughan Williams; Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Kees Bakels 1
1998 Vaughan Williams, Mélodies: Songs of Travel, the House of Life (Baritone: Philipppe Fourcade, Piano: Enrico De Mori) Ralph Vaughan Williams 1
1998 A Cotswold Romance / Death of Tintagiles (London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Richard Hickox) Ralph Vaughan Williams 1
1998 The Pilgrim's Progress Ralph Vaughan Williams; The Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, The Royal Opera Chorus, Richard Hickox, Gerald Finley 1
1999 Symphony no. 6 / In the Fen Country / On Wenlock Edge Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Bernard Haitink, Ian Bostridge 1
1999 Symphonies Nos. 8, 9 Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
1999 BBC Music, Volume 7, Number 8: Elgar: Froissart / Bliss: Checkmate / Vaughan Williams: Symphony no. 4 Elgar, Bliss, Vaughan Williams; BBC Symphony Orchestra, BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra, Norman Del Mar, Malcolm Arnold 1
1999 BBC Music, Volume 7, Number 11: Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis / Belshazzar's Feast Vaughan Williams, Walton; Willard White, BBC Symphony Orchestra, BBC Symphony Chorus, Leeds Festival Chorus, Andrew Davis 1
1999 A London Symphony Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
1999 British Wind Band Classics Gustav Holst, Ralph Vaughan Williams; Royal Northern College of Music Wind Orchestra, Timothy Reynish 1
1999 Symphony no. 5 Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, Richard Hickox 1
1999 Unforgettable Classics Ralph Vaughan Williams 1
2000 Hickox Conducts Vaughan Williams Vaughan Williams; Northern Sinfonia of England, Richard Hickox, Bradley Creswick, Roger Winfield 1
2000 Hodie / Fantasia on Christmas Carols Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir David Willcocks 2
2000 Symphony no. 1 "A Sea Symphony" / Symphony no. 6 Ralph Vaughan Williams; BBC Symphony Orchestra, BBC Symphony Chorus, Sir Andrew Davis 1
2000 Mass in G minor (Elora Festival Singers feat. conductor: Noel Edison, organist: Thomas Fitches) Ralph Vaughan Williams 1
2001 English String Miniatures, Volume 2 Edward Elgar, Frank Bridge, Haydn Wood, John Ireland, Frederick Delius, Peter Warlock, Geoffrey Bush, Ralph Vaughan Williams; English Northern Philharmonia, David Lloyd-Jones 1
2001 Phantasy Quintet / String Quartets nos. 1, 2 Ralph Vaughan Williams; Maggini Quartet, Garfield Jackson 1
2001 A London Symphony Ralph Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, Richard Hickox 2

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