Wikipedia

Ralph Vaughan Williams OM (/ˌrf ˌvɔːn ˈwɪljəmz/ 12 October 1872 – 26 August 1958) was an English composer. His works include operas, ballets, chamber music, secular and religious vocal pieces and orchestral compositions including nine symphonies, written over nearly fifty years. Strongly influenced by Tudor music and English folk-song, his output marked a decisive break in British music from its German-dominated style of the 19th century.

Vaughan Williams was born to a well-to-do family with strong moral views and a progressive social outlook. Throughout his life he sought to be of service to his fellow citizens, and believed in making music as available as possible to everybody. He wrote many works for amateur and student performance. He was musically a late developer, not finding his true voice until his late thirties; his studies in 1907–08 with the French composer Maurice Ravel helped him clarify the textures of his music and free it from Teutonic influences.

Vaughan Williams is among the best-known British symphonists, noted for his very wide range of moods, from stormy and impassioned to tranquil, from mysterious to exuberant. Among the most familiar of his other concert works are Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis (1910) and The Lark Ascending (1914). His vocal works include hymns, folk-song arrangements and large-scale choral pieces. He wrote eight works for stage performance between 1919 and 1951. Although none of his operas became popular repertoire pieces, his ballet Job: A Masque for Dancing (1930) was successful and has been frequently staged.

Two episodes made notably deep impressions in Vaughan Williams's personal life. The First World War, in which he served in the army, had a lasting emotional effect. Twenty years later, though in his sixties and devotedly married, he was reinvigorated by a love affair with a much younger woman, who later became his second wife. He went on composing through his seventies and eighties, producing his last symphony months before his death at the age of eighty-five. His works have continued to be a staple of the British concert repertoire, and all his major compositions and many of the minor ones have been recorded.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1970 A Sea Symphony Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1970 Greensleeves Ralph Vaughan Williams, Eric Coates; Morton Gould 1
1971 A London Symphony Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult 1
1978 Wind Music of Holst and Vaughan Williams Holst, Vaughan Williams; London Wind Orchestra, Denis Wick 1
1980 Arnaud: Three Fanfares for Brass & Percussion / Vaughan Williams: Toccata Marziale, Folk Song Suite / Grainger: Lincolnshire Posy, Shepherd's Hey Leo Arnaud, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Percy Grainger; Frederick Fennell, The Cleveland Symphonic Winds 1
1981 Vaughan Williams: Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis / Barber: Adagio for Strings / Grainger: Irish Tune from County Derry Vaughan Williams, Barber, Grainger; Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, Leonard Slatkin 2
1981 Sinfonia Antarctica Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1984 Vaughan Williams: The Wasps / Serenade to Music / Delius: Summer Night on the River / On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring / Summer Evening / Air and Dance Vaughan Williams, Delius; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley 2
1985 Symphony no. 3 "A Pastoral Symphony" / Symphony no. 4 Ralph Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 3
1985 Symphony No. 5 / Three Portraits from "The England of Elizabeth" Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1985 Symphony no. 6 / Symphony no. 9 Ralph Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1985 The Lark Ascending / Five Variants of "Dives and Lazarus" / The Wasps - Aristophanic Suite Vaughan Williams; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley, David Nolan 1
1986 Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis / Fantasia on Greensleeves / The Lark Ascending / Five Variants on Dives and Lazurus Vaughan Williams; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Neville Marriner 2
1986 Sinfonia Antartica Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, London Philharmonic Choir, Bernard Haitink 1
1987 Howells: Requiem / Vaughan Williams: Mass in G minor Herbert Howells, Ralph Vaughan Williams; Corydon Singers, Matthew Best 2
1987 Epithalamion / Merciless Beauty / Four Hymns (London Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Sir David Willcocks) Ralph Vaughan Williams 1
1987 Symphony no. 2 "London" / The Lark Ascending Ralph Vaughan Williams; Barry Griffiths, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, André Previn 1
1987 Symphony No. 5 in D / Flos Campi Vaughan Williams; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley 1
1987 Symphony no. 5 in D / The Lark Ascending Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, Bryden Thomson, Michael Davis 1
1988 A Sea Symphony Vaughan Williams; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Choir, Vernon Handley 1
1988 Dona Nobis Pacem / Five Mystical Songs (London Philharmonic, London Philharmonic Choir) Ralph Vaughan Williams 1
1988 Symphony no. 4 in F minor / Concerto Accademico Ralph Vaughan Williams; The London Symphony Orchestra, Bryden Thomson, Kenneth Sillito 1
1989 A Sea Symphony Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 2
1989 A London Symphony (no. 2) / Concerto Grosso Ralph Vaughan Williams; The London Symphony Orchestra, Bryden Thomson 1
1989 Husa / Copland / Vaughan Williams / Hindemith Husa, Copland, Vaughan Williams, Hindemith; Eastman Wind Ensemble, Donald Hunsberger 1
1989 Sinfonia Antarctica / Toward the Unknown Region Ralph Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, Bryden Thomson, Catherine Bott 1
1989 Symphony no. 5 in D major / Fantasia on a Theme of Thomas Tallis Vaughan Williams; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, André Previn 1
1989 The Wasps / The Lark Ascending / Florida Suite / Summer Evening Vaughan Williams, Delius; English Symphony Orchestra, William Boughton, Michael Bochmann 2
1990 Serenade to Music / Flos Campi / Five Mystical Songs / Fantasia on Christmas Carols Ralph Vaughan Williams; Corydon Singers, Matthew Best, English Chamber Orchestra 2
1990 Symphony No. 5 / Three Portraits from "The England of Elizabeth" / Concerto in F Minor for Bass Tuba Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1990 Symphony No. 2 "A London Symphony" / Concerto Accademico in D minor / The Wasps: Overture Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 2
1990 Symphony no. 8 in D minor / Partita / Fantasia on Greensleeves / Two Hymn-Tune Preludes Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, Bryden Thomson 1
1991 Sinfonia Antartica / The Wasps Ralph Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Choir and Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult, Norma Burrowes 1
1991 Symphony no. 4 / Symphony no. 6 Vaughan Williams; New Philharmonia Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult 1
1991 A Pastoral Symphony / Symphony no. 5 Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult 1
1991 A Sea Symphony (1968 recording) Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, London Philharmonic Choir, Sir Adrian Boult, Sheila Armstrong, John Carol Case 2
1991 Oboe Concerto / English Folksongs / Suite Partita / Fantasia on "Greensleeves" / Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis Vaughan Williams; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley, Jonathan Small 1
1991 Serenade To Music / Sinfonia Antartica Vaughan Williams; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Choir, Vernon Handley 1
1991 Serenade to Music / The Lark Ascending / Fantasia on Greensleeves / English Folk Song Suite / In the Fen Country / Norfolk Rhapsody no. 1 Vaughan Williams; Sir Adrian Boult 1
1991 Symphonies nos. 5 & 6 Vaughan Williams; Philharmonia Orchestra, Leonard Slatkin 1
1991 Symphony no. 6 / The Lark Ascending / Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis Vaughan Williams; BBC Symphony Orchestra, Andrew Davis, Tasmin Little 3
1991 Symphony no. 9 in E minor / Piano Concerto Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, Bryden Thomson, Howard Shelley 1
1992 A Sea Symphony Vaughan Williams; Philharmonia Orchestra, Philharmonia Chorus, Leonard Slatkin 1
1992 A Pastoral Symphony (no. 3) / Symphony no. 4 Vaughan Williams; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley 1
1992 Flos Campi / Suite for Viola and Orchestra / The Running Set / Hymn Tune Preludes Ralph Vaughan Williams; Bournemouth Sinfonietta and Choir, Norman Del Mar, George Hurst, Frederick Riddle 1
1992 Greensleeves Fantasia / The Lark Ascending / Serenade to Music / Tallis Fantasia Vaughan Williams; Sir Adrian Boult 1
1992 On Wenlock Edge / Job: A Masque for Dancing Vaughan Williams; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult, Richard Lewis 1
1992 Toward the Unknown Ralph Vaughan Williams 1
1993 A London Symphony / Norfolk Rhapsody No. 1 / Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis Vaughan Williams; Philharmonia Orchestra, Leonard Slatkin 1
1993 Symphonies Nos. 8 & 9 / Flourish for Glorious John Vaughan Williams; Philharmonia Orchestra, Leonard Slatkin 1

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