Legal name: Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov

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Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (Russian: Никола́й Андре́евич Ри́мский-Ко́рсаков; IPA: [nʲɪkəˈlaj ɐˈndrʲejɪvʲɪtɕ ˈrʲimskʲɪj ˈkorsəkəf] 18 March [O.S. 6 March] 1844 – 21 June [O.S. 8 June] 1908) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five. He was a master of orchestration. His best-known orchestral compositions—Capriccio Espagnol, the Russian Easter Festival Overture, and the symphonic suite Scheherazade—are staples of the classical music repertoire, along with suites and excerpts from some of his 15 operas. Scheherazade is an example of his frequent use of fairy tale and folk subjects.

Rimsky-Korsakov believed, as did fellow composer Mily Balakirev and critic Vladimir Stasov, in developing a nationalistic style of classical music. This style employed Russian folk song and lore along with exotic harmonic, melodic and rhythmic elements in a practice known as musical orientalism, and eschewed traditional Western compositional methods. However, Rimsky-Korsakov appreciated Western musical techniques after he became a professor of musical composition, harmony and orchestration at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory in 1871. He undertook a rigorous three-year program of self-education and became a master of Western methods, incorporating them alongside the influences of Mikhail Glinka and fellow members of The Five. His techniques of composition and orchestration were further enriched by his exposure to the works of Richard Wagner.

For much of his life, Rimsky-Korsakov combined his composition and teaching with a career in the Russian military—at first as an officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, then as the civilian Inspector of Naval Bands. He wrote that he developed a passion for the ocean in childhood from reading books and hearing of his older brother's exploits in the navy. This love of the sea might have influenced him to write two of his best-known orchestral works, the musical tableau Sadko (not to be confused with his later opera of the same name) and Scheherazade. Through his service as Inspector of Naval Bands, Rimsky-Korsakov expanded his knowledge of woodwind and brass playing, which enhanced his abilities in orchestration. He passed this knowledge to his students, and also posthumously through a textbook on orchestration that was completed by his son-in-law, Maximilian Steinberg.

Rimsky-Korsakov left a considerable body of original Russian nationalist compositions. He prepared works by The Five for performance, which brought them into the active classical repertoire (although there is controversy over his editing of the works of Modest Mussorgsky), and shaped a generation of younger composers and musicians during his decades as an educator. Rimsky-Korsakov is therefore considered "the main architect" of what the classical music public considers the Russian style of composition. His influence on younger composers was especially important, as he served as a transitional figure between the autodidactism which exemplified Glinka and The Five and professionally trained composers which would become the norm in Russia by the closing years of the 19th century. While Rimsky-Korsakov's style was based on those of Glinka, Balakirev, Hector Berlioz, and Franz Liszt, he "transmitted this style directly to two generations of Russian composers" and influenced non-Russian composers including Maurice Ravel, Claude Debussy, Paul Dukas and Ottorino Respighi.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1965 Scheherazade, Op.35 Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков; London Symphony Orchestra, Leopold Stokowski 1
1967 Scheherazade Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков; Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Constantin Silvestri 1
1972 Musique Russe Moussorgsky / Borodine / Rimsky-Korsakov 1
1974 Schéhérazade (Orchestre de Paris feat. conductor: Mstislav Rostropovich) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1978 Scheherazade Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1980 Scheherazade Rimsky-Korsakov; Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam, Herman Krebbers, Kirill Kondrashin 2
1980 Scheherazade Op. 35 (Bamberg Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Jonel Perlea) Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov; Bamberg Symphony, Jonel Perlea 2
1982 Scheherazade Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov; Wiener Philharmoniker, André Previn, Rainer Küchl 1
1982 Suites (Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: David Zinman) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1983 Capriccio espagnol / May Night Overture / Sadko / Snow Maiden Suite (Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: David Zinman) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1983 Scheherazade Rimsky-Korsakov; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Riccardo Muti 2
1983 Scheherazade Rimsky-Korsakoff / Fritz Reiner / Chicago Symphony Orchestra 1
1983 Symphony no. 3 in C major, op. 32 N Rimsky-Korsakov 1
1984 Scheherazade / Capriccio Espagnol Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков; Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit 2
1986 Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade / Glazunov: Stenka Razin Nickolay Rimsky-Korsakov, Alexander Glazunov; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1986 Russian Piano Music Balakirev, Borodin, Cui, Moussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov; Margaret Fingerhut 1
1986 Scheherazade Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakow; Berliner Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 2
1986 Tchaikovsky: Symphony no. 2 "Little Russian" / Rimsky-Korsakov: Symphony no. 2 "Antar" Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov; Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Lorin Maazel 1
1987 Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade / Borodin: Polovtsian Dances Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Alexander Borodin; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1987 Scheherazade / Tsar Sultan Suite / Flight of the Bumblebee Rimsky-Korsakov; Philharmonia Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy, Christopher Warren-Green 2
1988 3 Symphonies / Capriccio espagnol / Russian Easter Overture Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1988 Pictures at an Exhibition (orch. Ravel) / Russian Easter Festival Overture (Vancouver Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Kazuyoshi Akiyama) Modest Mussorgsky, Nilolai Rimsky-Korsakov; Vancouver Symphony Orchestra, Kazuyoshi Akiyama 1
1988 Scheherazade Op. 35 Rimsky-Korsakov; RSO Ljubljana, Anton Nanut 6
1989 Scheherazade / Capriccio Espagnol Rimsky-Korsakov; Hungarian State Orchestra, János Sándor 2
1989 Scheherezade / Russian Easter Overture Rimsky-Korsakov; Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta 1
1989 Stravinsky: The Firebird / Lyadov: Baba-Yaga / Rimsky-Korsakov: Dubinushka Stravinsky, Lyadov, Rimsky-Korsakov; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1989 Scheherazade (The London Philharmonic feat. conductor: Louis Fremaux) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1990 Antar / Russian Easter Festival Overture (The Philharmonia feat. conductor: Yevgeny Svetlanov) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 2
1990 Le Conte du Tsar Saltan Nikolaï Rimski-Korsakov; Ivan Petrov, Vladimir Ivanovski, Elena Smolenskaia, Galina Oleinitchenko, Marc Rechetine, Chœurs et Orchestre du Théâtre Bolchoï, Vassili Nebolssine 1
1990 Scheherazade / Capriccio Espagnol Rimsky-Korsakov; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
1990 Scheherazade / Tsar Saltan (excerpts) / Russian Easter Overture Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1991 Scheherazade / Russian Easter Overture / Capriccio Espagnol Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 2
1991 1812 Overture / Capriccio Espagnole / Night on the Bare Mountain / Francesca da Rimini Tchaikovsky, Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov; Montréal, Dutoit 1
1991 Golden Cockerel / Tsar Saltan (Suite & Flight of the Bumblebee) / Christmas Eve (Suite) Rimsky-Korsakov; Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
1991 La Nuit de Noël / Christmas Eve Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1991 Pan Voyevoda / Snow Maiden / Le Coq d’Or Suite / Dubinushka N. Rimsky-Korsakov; Evgeni Svetlanov 1
1991 Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade / Debussy: La Mer Rimsky-Korsakov, Debussy 1
1991 Scheherazade / Fairytale / Sadko ~ Musical Picture / Song of India Rimsky-Korsakov; Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
1991 Suite: The Comedians Kabalevsky, Borodin, Glinka, Mussorgsky, Prokofiev, Rimsky-Korsakov; Bayerisches Staatsorchester, Wolfgang Sawallisch 1
1991 The Snow Maiden / The Golden Cockerel / Mlada Rimsky-Korsakov; Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra (Bratislava), Donald Johanos 1
1991 Шехеразада / Садко / Фантазия на сербские темы / Над могилой Н. Римский-Корсаков; Evgeni Svetlanov 1
1992 Overtüre 1812 / Polowetzer Tänze / Capriccio Espagnol / Eine Nacht auf dem Kahlen Berge Tschaikowsky, Borodin, Rimsky-Korssakow, Mussorgsky 1
1992 Intégrale des mélodies Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1993 Scheherazade / Russian Easter Overture Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1993 The Romantic Piano Concerto, Volume 5: Balakirev: Piano Concerto no. 1 in F-sharp minor / Piano Concerto no. 2 in E-flat major / Rimsky-Korsakov: Piano Concerto in C-sharp minor Mili Balakirev, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov; English Northern Philharmonia, David Lloyd-Jones, Malcolm Binns 1
1993 Sheherazade, op. 35 / The Tale of Tsar Saltan, op. 57 Rimsky-Korsakov; Philharmonia Orchestra, Enrique Bátiz 2
1993 Scheherazade / Capriccio Espagnol Rimsky-Korsakov; The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Barry Wordsworth 2
1993 Sheherazade / Le coq d'or / Sadko (Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Ondrej Lenárd) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1994 BBC Music, Volume 2, Number 9: Rimsky-Korsakov: The Golden Cockerel, Capriccio Espagnol / Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition Rimsky-Korsakov, Mussorgsky; BBC Philharmonic, Yan Pascal Tortelier 1
1994 Capriccio Espagnol / Russian Easter Festival Overture / The Tsar's Bride Overture / May Night Overture / The Golden Cockerel Suite (Bolshoi Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Alexander Lazarev) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1994 Sadko Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1994 Symphony No. 1 in E minor / Symphony No. 2 in E minor, "Antar" Rimsky-Korsakov; St. Petersburg State Symphony Orchestra, Andre Anichanov 1
1994 Symphony No. 3 in C major / Sinfonietta on Russion Themes in A minor, Op. 31 (St. Petersburg State Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: André Anichanov) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1995 Scheherazade / Sadko / Dubinushka / May Night/ Christmas Eve / The Snow Maiden / The Tale of Tsar Saltan / Russian Easter Festival Overture Rimsky-Korsakov; L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Ernest Ansermet 1
1995 Symphony No. 3 / Sadko / Three Miracles / Procession from "Mlada" / Overtures (State Symphony Orchestra of Russia feat. conductor: Evgeny Svetlanov) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1995 La Nuit de mai Rimsky-Korsakov; Soloists of the Orchestra of the Bolshoi Theatre; Andrey Chistiakov 1
1995 Scheherazade / Capriccio espagnol Rimsky-Korsakov; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Mariss Jansons 1
1996 Scheherazade / The 3 Symphonies Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov; USSR Symphony Orchestra, Evgeny Svetlanov 1
1996 La Fiancée du Tsar (Choeur et Orchestre du Bolchoï de Moscou feat. conductor Liev Steinberg) Nikolaï Rimsky-Korsakoff 1
1996 Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade / Stravinsky: Song of the Nightingale Rimsky-Korsakov, Stravinsky; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Reiner 3
1996 Snegurochka (Bulgarian Radio Symphony Orchestra & Chorus feat. conductor: Stoyan Angelov) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1996 The Russian String Quartet Александр Порфирьевич Бородин, Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков; Rimsky-Korsakov Quartet 1
1997 The Maid of Pskov (Ivan the Terrible) Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov 1
1997 Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade / Dubinushka / The Flight of the Bumble Bee / Kalinnikov: Overture to Tsar Boris / The Cedar and the Palm Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Vasily Kalinnikov; Royal Scottish National Orchestra, London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1997 Sheherazade / Capriccio Espagnol (Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1997 Suites and Overtures Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1998 Christmas Eve / Night on Mount Triglav Rimsky-Korsakov; Moscow Symphony Orchestra, Igor Golovschin 1
1998 Shéhérazade; Capriccio Espagnol Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1999 Kashchey the Immortal (Kirov Opera & Orchestra feat. conductor: Valery Gergiev) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1999 The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh (Kirov Opera & Orchestra feat. conductor: Valery Gergiev) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1999 Khachaturian: Masquerade Suite / Kabalevsky: The Comedians / Tchaikovsky: Capriccio Italien / Rimsky-Korsakov: Capriccio Espagnol Khachaturian, Kabalevsky, Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov; Kiril Kondrashin, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra 1
1999 Symphony no. 3 / Overture on Russian Themes / Fairy Tale Rimsky-Korsakov; London Symphony Orchestra, Philharmonia Orchestra, Yondani Butt 1
2000 Das Mädchen von Pskow / Nacht über dem Berge Triglav / Die unsichtbare Stadt Kitesch (Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester Berlin, feat. conductor: Michail Jurowski) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
2000 Respighi: Feste romane / Pini di Roma / Rimsky-Korsakov: Le Coq d'or Suite Respighi, Rimsky-Korsakov; The Cleveland Orchestra, Lorin Maazel 1
2001 Balakirev: Symphony no. 1 / Rimsky-Korsakov: Suite from Le Coq d'or / Borodin: Polovtsian Dances from Prince Igor Balakirev, Rimsky-Korsakov, Borodin; BBC Symphony Orchestra, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Thomas Beecham 1
2001 The Maid of Pskov (Ivan the Terrible) / Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh / Fairy Tale / Fantasia on Serbian Themes Rimsky-Korsakov; Moscow Symphony Orchestra, Igor Golovschin 1
2002 Scheherazade Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov; Fritz Reiner, Chicago Symphony Orchestra 2
2002 Sheherazade Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков; Kirov Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 2
2003 Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade / Scriabin: Poème de l'extase Rimsky-Korsakov, Scriabin; Evgeny Svetlanov, London Symphony Orchestra, USSR State Symphony Orchestra 1
2003 Scheherazade / Symphony no. 2 "Antar" Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov; Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra, Kees Bakels 1
2003 Scheherazade / Capriccio Espagnol / Flight of the Bumble Bee (New York Philharmonic feat. conductor: Kurt Masur) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
2004 Piano Quintets Rubinstein, Rimsky-Korsakov; Felicja Blumental 1
2004 Capriccio Espagnol / Piano Concerto / Sadko Rimsky-Korsakov; Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra, Kees Bakels, Noriko Ogawa 1
2004 BBC Music, Volume 13, Number 4: Russian Christmas Rimsky-Korsakov / Tchaikovsky 1
2004 Der Goldene Hahn (Sofia National Opera Orchestra & Chorus feat. conductor: Dimiter Manalov) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
2004 Orientalische Märchen: Suiten von Respighi und Rimski-Korsakow Respighi, Rimsky-Korsakov; Württembergische Philharmonie Reutlingen, Norichika Iimori 1
2004 Sinfonietta / Russian Easter Overture Rimsky-Korsakov; Evgeni Svetlanov, USSR Symphony Orchestra 1
2005 Symphonies no. 1 & no. 3 / Fantasia on Serbian Themes Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov; Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra, Kees Bakels 1
2005 Coleção Folha de música clássica, volume 12: Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2005 Life and Work Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
2006 Orchestral Works Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov; Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Mariss Jansons 1
2006 The Snow Maiden: Overtures and Orchestral Suites Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov; Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra, Kees Bakels 1
2007 Scheherazade - March and the Flight of the Bumblebee From "Tsar Saltan" (London Symphony feat. conductor Andrè Previn) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
2007 Piano Duos: Scheherazade, Op. 35 / Sadko, Op. 5 / Capriccio espagnol, Op. 34 (Artur Pizarro & Vita Panomariovaite) Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov 1
2008 Antar / Tsar Saltan / May Night / Capriccio Espagnol Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov; L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Ernest Ansermet 1
2008 Taneyev: Suite de concert / Rimsky-Korsakov: Fantasy on Russian Themes Sergey Taneyev, Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Lydia Mordkovitch 1
2008 Kabalevsky: Piano Concerto no. 3 / Rimsky-Korsakov: Piano Concerto Kabalevsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Hsin-Ni Liu, Russian Philharmonic Orchestra, Dmitry Yablonsky 1
2009 The Tale of Tsar Saltan (The USSR Bolshoi Theatre feat. conductor: Vassily Nebolsin) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
2009 Russische Ostern - Frank Symphonie D-moll ( Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks feat. condutor: Kyrill Kondraschin) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
2010 Orchestral Suites Rimsky-Korsakov; Russian National Orchestra, Mikhail Pletnev 1

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