Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков (Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov)

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Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (Russian: Никола́й Андре́евич Ри́мский-Ко́рсаков; Russian pronunciation: [nʲɪkəˌlaj ˌrʲim.skʲɪj ˈkorsəkəf]; 18 March [O.S. 6 March] 1844 – 21 June [O.S. 8 June] 1908) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five. He was a master of orchestration. His best-known orchestral compositions—Capriccio Espagnol, the Russian Easter Festival Overture, and the symphonic suite Scheherazade—are staples of the classical music repertoire, along with suites and excerpts from some of his 15 operas. Scheherazade is an example of his frequent use of fairy tale and folk subjects.

Rimsky-Korsakov believed, as did fellow composer Mily Balakirev and critic Vladimir Stasov, in developing a nationalistic style of classical music. This style employed Russian folk song and lore along with exotic harmonic, melodic and rhythmic elements in a practice known as musical orientalism, and eschewed traditional Western compositional methods. However, Rimsky-Korsakov appreciated Western musical techniques after he became a professor of musical composition, harmony and orchestration at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory in 1871. He undertook a rigorous three-year program of self-education and became a master of Western methods, incorporating them alongside the influences of Mikhail Glinka and fellow members of The Five. His techniques of composition and orchestration were further enriched by his exposure to the works of Richard Wagner.

For much of his life, Rimsky-Korsakov combined his composition and teaching with a career in the Russian military—at first as an officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, then as the civilian Inspector of Naval Bands. He wrote that he developed a passion for the ocean in childhood from reading books and hearing of his older brother's exploits in the navy. This love of the sea might have influenced him to write two of his best-known orchestral works, the musical tableau Sadko (not to be confused with his later opera of the same name) and Scheherazade. Through his service as Inspector of Naval Bands, Rimsky-Korsakov expanded his knowledge of woodwind and brass playing, which enhanced his abilities in orchestration. He passed this knowledge to his students, and also posthumously through a textbook on orchestration that was completed by his son-in-law, Maximilian Steinberg.

Rimsky-Korsakov left a considerable body of original Russian nationalist compositions. He prepared works by The Five for performance, which brought them into the active classical repertoire (although there is controversy over his editing of the works of Modest Mussorgsky), and shaped a generation of younger composers and musicians during his decades as an educator. Rimsky-Korsakov is therefore considered "the main architect" of what the classical music public considers the Russian style of composition. His influence on younger composers was especially important, as he served as a transitional figure between the autodidactism which exemplified Glinka and The Five and professionally trained composers which would become the norm in Russia by the closing years of the 19th century. While Rimsky-Korsakov's style was based on those of Glinka, Balakirev, Hector Berlioz, and Franz Liszt, he "transmitted this style directly to two generations of Russian composers" and influenced non-Russian composers including Maurice Ravel, Claude Debussy, Paul Dukas and Ottorino Respighi.

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Discography

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Album

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1972 Musique Russe Moussorgsky / Borodine / Rimsky-Korsakov 1
1974 Schéhérazade (Orchestre de Paris feat. conductor: Mstislav Rostropovich) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1978 Scheherazade Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1980 Scheherazade Rimsky-Korsakov; Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam, Herman Krebbers, Kirill Kondrashin 2
1980 Scheherazade Op. 35 (Bamberg Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Jonel Perlea) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 2
1982 Scheherazade Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov; Wiener Philharmoniker, André Previn, Rainer Küchl 1
1982 Suites (Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: David Zinman) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1983 Capriccio espagnol / May Night Overture / Sadko / Snow Maiden Suite (Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: David Zinman) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1983 Scheherazade (The Philadelphia Orchestra feat. conductor: Riccardo Muti) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1984 Scheherazade / Capriccio Espagnol Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков; Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit 1
1986 Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade / Glazunov: Stenka Razin Nickolay Rimsky-Korsakov, Alexander Glazunov; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1986 Russian Piano Music Balakirev, Borodin, Cui, Moussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov; Margaret Fingerhut 1
1986 Scheherazade Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakow; Berliner Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 2
1986 Tchaikovsky: Symphony no. 2 "Little Russian" / Rimsky-Korsakov: Symphony no. 2 "Antar" Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov; Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Lorin Maazel 1
1987 Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade / Borodin: Polovtsian Dances Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Alexander Borodin; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1987 Scheherazade / Tsar Sultan Suite Rimsky-Korsakov; Christopher Warren-Green, Philharmonia Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1988 3 Symphonies / Capriccio espagnol / Russian Easter Overture Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1988 Scheherazade Op. 35 Rimsky-Korsakov; RSO Ljubljana, Anton Nanut 3
1989 Scheherazade / Capriccio Espagnol (Hungarian State Orchestra feat. conductor: János Sándor) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1989 Scheherezade / Russian Easter Overture Rimsky-Korsakov; Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta 1
1989 Stravinsky: The Firebird / Lyadov: Baba-Yaga / Rimsky-Korsakov: Dubinushka Stravinsky, Lyadov, Rimsky-Korsakov; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1989 Scheherazade (The London Philharmonic feat. conductor: Louis Fremaux) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1990 Antar / Russian Easter Festival Overture (The Philharmonia feat. conductor: Yevgeny Svetlanov) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 2
1990 Le Conte du Tsar Saltan (Choir of the Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra feat. conductor: Vassili Nieboissine) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1990 Scheherazade / Capriccio Espagnol (London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Sir Charles Mackerras) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1990 Scheherazade / Tsar Saltan (excerpts) / Russian Easter Overture Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1991 Scheherazade / Russian Easter Overture / Capriccio Espagnol Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 2
1991 1812 Overture / Capriccio Espagnole / Night on the Bare Mountain / Francesca da Rimini Tchaikovsky, Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov; Montréal, Dutoit 1
1991 La Nuit de Noël / Christmas Eve Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1991 Pan Voyevoda • Snow Maiden • Le Coq d’Or Suite • Dubinushka N. Rimsky-Korsakov; Evgeni Svetlanov 1
1991 Rimsky-Korsakov Scheherazade (Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, feat. conductor: Loris Tjeknavorian) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1991 Rimsky-Korsakov: The Golden Cockerel (Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Loris Tjeknavorian) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1991 Suite: The Comedians Kabalevsky, Borodin, Glinka, Mussorgsky, Prokofiev, Rimsky-Korsakov; Bayerisches Staatsorchester, Wolfgang Sawallisch 1
1991 The Snow Maiden / The Golden Cockerel / Mlada (Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra, Bratislava feat. conductor: Donald Johanos) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1992 Overtüre 1812 / Polowetzer Tänze / Capriccio Espagnol / Eine Nacht auf dem Kahlen Berge Tschaikowsky, Borodin, Rimsky-Korssakow, Mussorgsky 1
1992 Intégrale des mélodies Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1993 Scheherazade, Russian Easter Overture Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1993 The Romantic Piano Concerto, Volume 5: Balakirev: Piano Concerto no. 1 in F-sharp minor / Piano Concerto no. 2 in E-flat major / Rimsky-Korsakov: Piano Concerto in C-sharp minor Mili Balakirev, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov; English Northern Philharmonia, David Lloyd-Jones, Malcolm Binns 1
1993 Scheherazade / Capriccio Espagnol Rimsky-Korsakov; The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Barry Wordsworth 2
1993 Sheherazade / Le coq d'or / Sadko (Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Ondrej Lenárd) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1993 Sheherazade / Tsar Saltan (Philharmonia Orchestra, London feat. conductor: Enrique Bátiz) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 2
1994 BBC Music, Volume 2, Number 9: Rimsky-Korsakov: The Golden Cockerel, Capriccio Espagnol / Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition Rimsky-Korsakov, Mussorgsky; BBC Philharmonic, Yan Pascal Tortelier 1
1994 Capriccio Espagnol / Russian Easter Festival Overture / The Tsar's Bride Overture / May Night Overture / The Golden Cockerel Suite (Bolshoi Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Alexander Lazarev) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1994 Sadko Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1994 Symphony No. 1 in E minor / Symphony No. 2 in E minor, "Antar" Rimsky-Korsakov; St. Petersburg State Symphony Orchestra, Andre Anichanov 1
1994 Symphony No. 3 in C major / Sinfonietta on Russion Themes in A minor, Op. 31 (St. Petersburg State Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: André Anichanov) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1995 Scheherazade / Sadko / Dubinushka / May Night/ Christmas Eve / The Snow Maiden / The Tale of Tsar Saltan / Russian Easter Festival Overture Rimsky-Korsakov; L'Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Ernest Ansermet 1
1995 Symphony No. 3 / Sadko / Three Miracles / Procession from "Mlada" / Overtures (State Symphony Orchestra of Russia feat. conductor: Evgeny Svetlanov) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1
1995 La Nuit de mai Rimsky-Korsakov; Soloists of the Orchestra of the Bolshoi Theatre; Andrey Chistiakov 1
1995 Scheherazade / Cappriccio espagnol (London Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Mariss Jansons) Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков 1

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