The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra (GSO; Swedish: Göteborgs Symfoniker) is a symphony orchestra based in Gothenburg, Sweden. Founded in 1905, it was granted the title of the National Orchestra of Sweden (Swedish: Sveriges Nationalorkester) in 1997. The GSO is resident at the Gothenburg Concert Hall at Götaplatsen.
Although the GSO has a broad repertoire, it has a special affinity for the works of the Nordic Late Romantic composers, such as Jean Sibelius and Edvard Grieg, which has comprised the bulk of its recorded output, as well as Neeme Järvi's specialty, Prokofiev. During Järvi's 22 years as principal conductor, the orchestra's longest, its reputation on the world stage was greatly increased, including sponsorships from Volvo and a recording contract with Deutsche Grammophon. Järvi currently holds the title of Principal Conductor Emeritus (Chefdirigent Emeritus) with the GSO.
The orchestra's most recent principal conductor was Gustavo Dudamel, from 2007 to 2012. Dudamel now has the title of hedersdirigent (honorary conductor) of the GSO. The orchestra's current principal guest conductor is Christian Zacharias. In August 2012, the GSO announced the appointment of Kent Nagano as its principal guest conductor and artistic advisor, as of the 2013-2014 season, with an initial contract of 3 years. Since 2009, the orchestra's leader has been Sara Trobäck.
In addition to Deutsche Grammophon, the orchestra has recorded commercially for such labels as BIS.