Sir Georg Solti (conductor)

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Birth name: György Stern / Stern György

Annotation last modified on 2012-04-27 02:41 UTC.

Wikipedia

Sir Georg Solti, KBE (/ˈɔːr ˈʃɒlti/; 21 October 1912 – 5 September 1997) was an orchestral and operatic conductor, best known for his appearances with opera companies in Munich, Frankfurt and London, and as a long-serving music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Born in Budapest, he studied there with Béla Bartók, Leó Weiner and Ernő Dohnányi. In the 1930s, he was a répétiteur at the Hungarian State Opera and worked at the Salzburg Festival for Arturo Toscanini. His career was interrupted by the rise of the Nazis, and being of Jewish background he fled the increasingly restrictive anti-semitic laws in 1938. After conducting a season of Russian ballet in London at the Royal Opera House he found refuge in Switzerland, where he remained during the Second World War. Prohibited from conducting there, he earned a living as a pianist.

After the war, Solti was appointed musical director of the Bavarian State Opera in Munich in 1946. In 1952 he moved to the Frankfurt Opera, where he remained in charge for nine years. He took West German citizenship in 1953. In 1961 he became musical director of the Covent Garden Opera Company, London. During his ten-year tenure, he introduced changes that raised standards to the highest international levels. Under his musical directorship the status of the company was recognised with the grant of the title "the Royal Opera". He became a British citizen in 1972.

In 1969 Solti became music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, a post he held for 22 years. He relinquished the position in 1991 and became the orchestra's music director laureate, a position he held until his death. During his time as the Chicago Symphony Orchestra's eighth music director, he also served as music director of the Orchestre de Paris from 1972 until 1975 and principal conductor of the London Philharmonic Orchestra from 1979 until 1983.

Known in his early years for the intensity of his music making, Solti was widely considered to have mellowed as a conductor in later years. He recorded many works two or three times at various stages of his career, and was a prolific recording artist, making more than 250 recordings, including 45 complete opera sets. The most famous of his recordings is probably Decca's complete set of Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen, made between 1958 and 1965. Solti's Ring has twice been voted the greatest recording ever made, in polls for Gramophone magazine in 1999 and the BBC's Music Magazine in 2012. Solti was repeatedly honoured by the recording industry with awards throughout his career, including a record 32 Grammy Awards as a recording artist.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1961 Symphony no. 4 in G major Gustav Mahler; Sylvia Stahlman, Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest, Sir Georg Solti 2
1962 Aïda Verdi; Price, Vickers, Gorr, Merrill, Tozzi, Rome Opera House Orchestra and Chorus, Solti conducting 3
1968 Requiem Verdi; Sutherland, Horne, Pavarotti, Talvela, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Philharmoniker, Solti 2
1968 Symphony no. 3 (1968 recording) Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti, Helen Watts, The Ambrosian Singers, Wandsworth School Boys' Choir 1
1970 Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor / Songs From "Des Knaben Wunderhorn" Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Georg Solti, Yvonne Minton 1
1970 Symphony No. 6 In A Minor / Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra & Sir Georg Solti with Yvonne Minton 1
1972 Symphony no. 9 (1972 recording) Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1974 La bohème (1973 studio cast) Puccini; Caballé, Domingo, Milnes, Blegen, Sardinero, Raimondi, London Philharmonic Orchestra, The John Alldis Choir, Georg Solti 1
1976 Carmen (1975 studio cast) Bizet; Troyanos, Domingo, van Dam, Te Kanawa, London Philharmonic Orchestra, John Alldis Choir, Sir Georg Solti 5 4
1977 Violin Concerto Elgar; Kyung Wha Chung, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1978 Violin Concerto no. 2 Bartók; Kyung-Wha Chung, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1979 The Planets Gustav Holst; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 4
1980 Piano Concertos nos. 2 and 3 Béla Bartók; Vladimir Ashkenazy, London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1982 Concerto for Orchestra / Dance Suite Bartók; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1982 Symphony no. 9 Franz Schubert; Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 2
1983 Das Rheingold Richard Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Georg Solti 3
1983 Die Walküre Richard Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Georg Solti 1
1983 Götterdämmerung Richard Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Georg Solti 1
1983 Siegfried Richard Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Georg Solti 1
1983 Symphony No. 2 ''Resurrection'' Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1983 Symphony No. 4 "Romantic" Anton Bruckner; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1983 Symphony no. 9 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Georg Solti 2
1984 Berg: Violin Concerto / Bartók: Violin Concerto no. 1 Berg, Bartók; Kyng Wha Chung, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1984 Die Walküre Richard Wagner; Sir Georg Solti, Wiener Philharmoniker 1
1984 Götterdämmerung Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 1
1984 Piano Concertos Bartók, Prokofiev; Vladimir Ashkenazy, Sir Georg Solti, André Previn 2
1984 Symphony No. 1 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 3
1984 Symphony no. 4 Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1984 Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" Dvořák; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1985 Brahms: Symphony No. 2 / Tragic Overture Johannes Brahms; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1985 Ein deutsches Requiem Johannes Brahms; Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, Sir Georg Solti, Kiri Te Kanawa, Bernd Weikl 1
1985 Messiah Handel; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Chicago Symphony Chorus, Sir Georg Solti 1
1985 Salome Richard Strauss; Sir Georg Solti, Birgit Nilsson, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra 4
1985 Symphonie no. 3 Brahms; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1985 Symphony no. 5 (1970 recording) Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 3
1985 Tannhäuser Richard Wagner; René Kollo, Christa Ludwig, Hans Sotin, Helga Dernesch, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 1
1986 Symphony no. 9 (1980s recording) Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 4 2
1986 Eine Alpensinfonie Richard Strauss; Sir Georg Solti, Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks 1
1986 Elektra Richard Strauss; Nilsson, Resnik, Collier, Krause, Vienna Philharmonic, Solti 2
1986 Messiah: Arias & Choruses Handel; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Chicago Symphony Chorus, Sir Georg Solti, Kiri Te Kanawa 1
1986 Parsifal Wagner; René Kollo, Gottlob Frick, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Christa Ludwig, Zoltán Kelemen, Hans Hotter, Vienna Philharmonic, Sir Georg Solti 2
1986 Piano Quartets no. 1 K. 478 & no. 2 K. 493 Mozart; Melos Quartet, Sir Georg Solti 2
1986 Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto no. 1 / Dohnanyi: Variations on a Nursery Song, op. 25 Tchaikovsky, Dohnányi; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti, András Schiff 1
1987 Die Entführung aus dem Serail Mozart; Edita Gruberová, Kathleen Battle, Gösta Winbergh, Heinz Zednik, Martti Talvela, Will Quadflieg, Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 1
1987 1812 / Romeo & Juliet / The Nutcracker Suite Tchaikovsky; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1987 Eugene Onegin Tchaikovsky; Weikl, Kubiak, Burrows, Hamari, Ghiaurov, Sénéchal, John Alldis Choir, Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Sir Georg Solti 1
1987 Lohengrin Wagner; Sir Georg Solti, Plácido Domingo, Jessye Norman, Eva Randová, Siegmund Nimsgern, Hans Sotin, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Konzertvereinigung Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Philharmoniker 2
1987 Messiah: Great Choruses Handel; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Chicago Symphony Chorus, Sir Georg Solti, Kiri Te Kanawa 1
1987 Symphony no. 1 Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Solti 3
1988 Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 5 'Emperor', Piano Concerto No. 2 Ludwig van Beethoven, Chicago Symphony Orchestra; Vladimir Ashkenazy & Sir Georg Solti 1
1988 Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 Johann Sebastian Bach; Sir Georg Solti, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Chicago Symphony Chorus 4 1
1988 Overtures and Preludes Richard Wagner; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1988 Piano Concertos Nos. 3 & 4 Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1989 Weekend in Russia Glinka, Mussorgsky, Borodin; Sir Georg Solti 2
1989 Piano Concerto no. 1 / Variations on a Theme of Schumann Brahms; András Schiff, Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 1
1989 Symphony No. 3 "Eroica" / Egmont Overture Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1989 Symphony no. 5 / Swan Lake Suite Tchaikovsky; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1989 Symphony no. 8 in C minor Dmitri Shostakovich; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1990 Matthäus-Passion: Arias and Chorusses Johann Sebastian Bach; Te Kanawa, Von Otter, Rolfe Johnson, Krause, Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, Sir Georg Solti 1
1990 Violin Concertos 1 & 2 Bartók; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti, Kyung Wha Chung 1
1990 Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 2 Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1990 Symphony no. 4 / Symphony no. 5 Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1990 Symphony no. 6 Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1990 Symphony no. 7 / Symphony no. 8 Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1990 Sonata for 2 pianos & percussion / Haydn variations for 2 pianos Bartók, Brahms; Sir Georg Solti, Murray Perahia 1
1991 Mass in B Minor, BWV 232 Johann Sebastian Bach; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1991 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1991 Vier letzte Lieder / 13 Lieder Richard Strauss; Sir Georg Solti, Kiri Te Kanawa, Wiener Philharmoniker 1
1991 Also sprach Zarathustra / Don Juan / Till Eulenspiegel Strauss; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Solti 3
1991 Symphonies nos. 8 & 5 Franz Schubert; Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 1
1992 Die Frau ohne Schatten Richard Strauss; Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 1
1992 Requiem, K 626 Mozart; Auger, Bartoli, Cole, Pape, Konzertvereinigung Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 1
1992 Symphonies 97 & 98 Haydn; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1992 Symphony No. 10 Shostakovich; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1993 Concerti K242, K365, K466 Mozart; English Chamber Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti, Daniel Barenboim, András Schiff 1
1994 Symphony No. 3 Anton Bruckner; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1994 Shostakovich 5 / Mendelssohn 4 Mendelssohn, Shostakovich; Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 1
1995 Missa Solemnis Ludwig van Beethoven; Júlia Várady, Iris Vermillion, Vinson Cole, René Pape, Rundfunkchor Berlin, Berliner Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 1
1995 Symphonies 1 & 2 / Cockaigne / In the South Elgar; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1995 La traviata Giuseppe Verdi; Angela Gheorghiu, Frank Lopardo, Leo Nucci, Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Chorus of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Sir Georg Solti 1
1995 Petrushka / Jeu de cartes Stravinsky; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1995 Symphony no. 13 “Babi Yar” Dmitri Shostakovich; Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, Sir Georg Solti 1
1996 La bohème (1973 studio cast) Giacomo Puccini; Montserrat Caballé, Plácido Domingo, Sherrill Milnes, Judith Blegen, Vicente Sardinero, Ruggero Raimondi, The John Alldis Choir, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Georg Solti 1
1996 The Symphonies Bruckner; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1996 Symphonies 1 & 2 Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1997 Also Sprach Zarathustra / Till Eulenspiegels Lustige Streiche / Salome - Tanz der sieben Schleier Richard Strauss; Sir Georg Solti 1
1997 The 4 Great Symphonies: Nos. 38 - 41 Mozart; Sir Georg Solti 2
1997 Der Ring des Nibelungen Richard Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 5 3
1997 Enigma Variations Elgar; Vienna Philharmonic, Sir Georg Solti 1
1999 Symphonies 4 & 5 Gustav Mahler; Sir Georg Solti 1
1999 Schubert: Symphony no. 9 / Wagner: Siegfried Idyll Schubert, Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Solti 1
1999 Symphonie no. 8 Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1999 Symphony no. 2 Johannes Brahms; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
2000 Die Walküre, Act 3 Wagner; Flagstad, Wiener Philharmoniker, Solti 1
2001 Ballet Music: Romeo and Juliet / Cinderella Sergei Prokofiev; The Cleveland Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
2005 Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg Richard Wagner; Sir Georg Solti, Norman Bailey, Wiener Philharmoniker 1
2007 Un Ballo in Maschera Giuseppe Verdi; Sir Georg Solti, Birgit Nilsson, Carlo Bergonzi, Cornell MacNeil, Fernando Corena & Fernando Corona 1
2012 BBC Music, Volume 21, Number 1: Bartók: Concerto for Orchestra / Stravinsky: Petrushka / Rossini: Willam Tell Overture Bartók, Stravinsky, Rossini; World Orchestra for Peace, Sir Georg Solti, Valery Gergiev 1
2013 Symphony no. 1 / In the South "Alassio" Elgar; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
Das Rheingold George London, Kirsten Flagstad, Claire Watson, Set Svanholm, Waldemar Kmentt, Eberhard Wächter, Paul Kuen, Jean Madeira, Gustav Neidlinger, Walter Kreppel, Kurt Böhme, Oda Balsborg, Hetty Plümacher, Ira Malaniuk, Sir Georg Solti & Wiener Philharmoniker 1

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