Sir Georg Solti

~ Person

Annotation

Birth name: György Stern / Stern György

Annotation last modified on 2012-04-27 02:41 UTC.

Wikipedia

Sir Georg Solti, KBE (/ˈdʒɔrdʒ ˈʃɒlti/; 21 October 1912 – 5 September 1997) was an orchestral and operatic conductor, best known for his appearances with opera companies in Munich, Frankfurt and London, and as a long-serving music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Born in Budapest, he studied there with Béla Bartók, Leo Weiner and Ernő Dohnányi. In the 1930s, he was a répétiteur at the Hungarian State Opera and worked at the Salzburg Festival for Arturo Toscanini. His career was interrupted by the rise of the Nazis, and because he was a Jew he fled the increasingly restrictive anti-semitic laws in 1938. After conducting a season of Russian ballet in London at the Royal Opera House he found refuge in Switzerland, where he remained during the Second World War. Prohibited from conducting there, he earned a living as a pianist.

After the war, Solti was appointed musical director of the Bavarian State Opera in Munich in 1946. In 1952 he moved to the Frankfurt Opera, where he remained in charge for nine years. He took West German citizenship in 1953. In 1961 he became musical director of the Covent Garden Opera Company, London. During his ten-year tenure, he introduced changes that raised standards to the highest international levels. Under his musical directorship the status of the company was recognised with the grant of the title "the Royal Opera". He became a British subject in 1972.

In 1969 Solti was appointed music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, a post he held for 22 years. He restored the orchestra's reputation after it had been in decline for most of the previous decade. He became the orchestra's music director laureate on his retirement in 1991. During his time with the Chicago orchestra, he also had shorter spells in charge of the Orchestre de Paris and the London Philharmonic Orchestra.

Known in his early years for the intensity of his music making, Solti was widely considered to have mellowed as a conductor in later years. He recorded many works two or three times at various stages of his career, and was a prolific recording artist, making more than 250 recordings, including 45 complete opera sets. The most famous of his recordings is probably Decca's complete set of Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen, made between 1958 and 1965. Solti's Ring has twice been voted the greatest recording ever made, in polls for Gramophone magazine in 1999 and the BBC's Music Magazine in 2012. Solti was repeatedly honoured by the recording industry with awards throughout his career.

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Discography

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Album

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1972 Symphony no. 9 (1972 recording) Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1976 Carmen Bizet; Troyanos, Domingo, van Dam, Te Kanawa, London Philharmonic Orchestra, John Alldis Choir, Sir Georg Solti 1
1979 The Planets Gustav Holst; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 4
1982 Symphony no. 9 Franz Schubert; Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 1
1983 Das Rheingold Richard Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Georg Solti 1
1983 Die Walküre Richard Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Georg Solti 1
1983 Götterdämmerung Richard Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Georg Solti 1
1983 Siegfried Richard Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Georg Solti 1
1983 Symphony No. 2 ''Resurrection'' Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1983 Symphony No. 4 "Romantic" Anton Bruckner; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1983 Symphony no. 9 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Georg Solti 2
1984 Symphony No. 1 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1984 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" Dvořák; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1985 Carmen Georges Bizet; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1986 Symphony no. 9 (1980s recording) Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1986 Elektra Richard Strauss; Nilsson, Resnik, Collier, Krause, Vienna Philharmonic, Solti 2
1986 Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto no. 1 / Dohnanyi: Variations on a Nursery Song, op. 25 Tchaikovsky, Dohnányi; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti, András Schiff 1
1988 Mussorgsky, Ravel: Bilder einer Austellung / Bartok: Konzert für Orchester Mussorgsky, Ravel, Bartók; Sir Georg Solti 1
1988 Overtures and Preludes Richard Wagner; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1988 Piano Concertos Nos. 3 & 4 Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1989 Symphony No. 3 "Eroica" / Egmont Overture Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1990 Piano Concertos / Violin Concertos Béla Bartók; Vladimir Ashkenazy, Kyung Wha Chung, Sir Georg Solti 2
1990 Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 2 Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1990 Symphony no. 4 / Symphony no. 5 Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1990 Symphony no. 6 Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1990 Symphony no. 7 / Symphony no. 8 Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1992 Symphony No. 10 Shostakovich; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1994 Shostakovich 5 / Mendelssohn 4 Mendelssohn, Shostakovich; Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 1
1996 La bohème (1973 studio cast) Giacomo Puccini; Montserrat Caballé, Plácido Domingo, Sherrill Milnes, Judith Blegen, Vicente Sardinero, Ruggero Raimondi, The John Alldis Choir, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Georg Solti 1
1996 Symphonies 1 & 2 Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1997 Der Ring des Nibelungen Richard Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 5 2
1997 Enigma Variations, etc. Elgar, Kodály, Blacher; Vienna Philharmonic, Sir Georg Solti 1
1999 Symphony No. 2 Johannes Brahms; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
2006 Concerto for Orchestra / Dance Suite / Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta Béla Bartók; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
2012 BBC Music, Volume 21, Number 1: Bartók: Concerto for Orchestra / Stravinsky: Petrushka / Rossini: Willam Tell Overture Bartók, Stravinsky, Rossini; World Orchestra for Peace, Sir Georg Solti, Valery Gergiev 1
Decca Music Group Limited George London, Kirsten Flagstad, Claire Watson, Set Svanholm, Waldemar Kmentt, Eberhard Wächter, Paul Kuen, Jean Madeira, Gustav Neidlinger, Walter Kreppel, Kurt Böhme, Oda Balsborg, Hetty Plümacher, Ira Malaniuk, Sir Georg Solti & Wiener Philharmoniker 1
Mussorgsky: Pictures From an Exhibition / Ravel: Le Tombeau De Couperin Mussorgsky, Ravel; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
Piano Concertos Béla Bartók, Sergei Prokofiev; Vladimir Ashkenazy, Sir Georg Solti, André Previn 1
Piano Quartets Mozart; Melos Quartet, Sir Georg Solti 1
Symphonie fantastique / Les Francs-Juges Berlioz; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
Symphony no. 6 "Pastoral" / Symphony no. 8 Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1975 The Symphonies (1970s recordings) Compilation Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 3 4
1983 Historia de la Música Clásica - 4 Compilation Ludwig van Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti, Vladimir Ashkenazy 4 1
1989 Enigma Variations / Falstaff Compilation Sir Edward Elgar; Sir Georg Solti 1
1990 The Nine Symphonies (1980s recordings) Compilation Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1991 Die Zauberflöte: Highlights Compilation Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 1
1991 The Symphonies Compilation Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1991 Grammy Champion Compilation Sir Georg Solti 1
1992 The Symphonies Compilation Brahms; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1995 The Piano Concertos Compilation Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1

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