Robert Schumann (German classical composer)

~ Person


Robert Schumann (8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. He had been assured by his teacher Friedrich Wieck that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

Schumann's published compositions were written exclusively for the piano until 1840; he later composed works for piano and orchestra; many Lieder (songs for voice and piano); four symphonies; an opera; and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. Works such as Kinderszenen, Album für die Jugend, Blumenstück, the Sonatas and Albumblätter are among his most famous. His writings about music appeared mostly in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication which he jointly founded.

In 1840, Schumann married Friedrich Wieck's daughter Clara, against the wishes of her father, following a long and acrimonious legal battle, which found in favor of Clara and Robert. Clara also composed music and had a considerable concert career as a pianist, the earnings from which formed a substantial part of her father's fortune.

Schumann suffered from a lifelong mental disorder, first manifesting itself in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode, which recurred several times alternating with phases of ‘exaltation’ and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted to a mental asylum, at his own request, in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with "psychotic melancholia", Schumann died two years later in 1856 without having recovered from his mental illness.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1961 Cellokonzert / Rokoko Variationen Schumann, Tchaikowsky; Mstislav Rostropowitsch 1
1966 Schumann: Dichterliebe / Schubert, Beethoven: Lieder Schumann, Schubert, Beethoven; Fritz Wunderlich, Hubert Giesen 2
1968 Sämtliche Streichquartette Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; Quartetto Italiano 1
1972 Liszt: Sonate h-Moll / Schumann: Sonate g-Moll Liszt, Schumann; Martha Argerich 1
1973 Piano Concertos Schumann, Grieg; Radu Lupu, LSO, André Previn 3
1976 Сен-Санс: Концерт но. 2 для фортепиано с оркестром соль минор, соч. 22 / Шуман: Карнавал, соч. 9 К. Сен-Санс, Р. Шуман; Григорий Соколов 1
1977 Fantasie C-dur / Kreisleriana Robert Schumann; Wilhelm Kempff 1
1979 Sonates pour violon et piano - Raphaël Oleg - Yves Rault Robert Schumann 1
1980 Piano Trios in D minor Mendelssohn, Schumann; André Previn, Kyung-Wha Chung, Paul Tortelier 2
1982 Symphonie No. 3 / »Manfred«-Ouvertüre Robert Schumann; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1982 Beethoven / Schumann Ludwig van Beethoven & Robert Schumann 1
1982 Beethoven: Klaviersonate, op. 111 / Schumann: Symphonische Etüden / Toccata Ludwig van Beethoven, Robert Schumann; Ivo Pogorelich 2
1982 Klavierkonzerte Schumann, Grieg; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan, Krystian Zimerman 3
1982 Symphonie No. 1 / Manfred-Ouvertüre (Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Carlo Maria Giulini) Brahms / Schumann 1
1983 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Schumann; Gidon Kremer, Philharmonia Orchestra, Riccardo Muti 1
1984 Kinderszenen / Kreisleriana Robert Schumann; Martha Argerich 2
1984 Fantasiestücke - Fantasie Schumann; Alfred Brendel 1
1985 Schubert: Sonate für Arpeggione / Schumann: Fantasiestücke Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann; Martha Argerich, Mischa Maisky 1
1985 Dichterliebe / Liederkreis / Myrten Schumann; Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Christoph Eschenbach 1
1985 Frauenliebe und Leben / Liederkreis / Tragödie I-III / 3 Lieder Schumann; Brigitte Fassbänder, Irwin Gage 1
1985 Kinderszenen / Waldszenen Schumann; Maria João Pires 1
1985 Symphonie Nr. 1 "Frühling" / Klavierkonzert Schumann; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Justus Frantz 1
1985 Symphony no. 1 "Frühlingssymphonie" / Symphony no. 4 Schumann; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1986 Violinsonaten Nos. 1 & 2 Robert Schumann; Gidon Kremer, Martha Argerich 1
1986 Schumann: Fantasie, Op. 17 / Schubert: "Wanderer" Fantasie Robert Schumann, Franz Schubert; Murray Perahia 1
1986 Symphonies Nos. 1 & 2 (Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Jerzy Semkow Simon) Robert Schumann 1
1986 Symphonies Nos. 3 & 4 (Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Jerzy Semkow Simon) Robert Schumann 1
1987 Klavierkonzerte Schumann, Grieg; Berliner Philharmoniker, Rafael Kubelík, Géza Anda 1
1987 Fantasie, op. 17 / Sonate, op. 11 Robert Schumann; Maurizio Pollini 1
1987 Brahms: Sonatas for Viola and Piano / Schumann: Märchenbilder (viola: Nobuko Imai, piano: Roger Vignoles) Brahms / Schumann 1
1987 Carnaval / Papillons / Scenes from Childhood (1987 recordings) Robert Schumann; Jenő Jandó 1
1987 Cello Sonatas Schubert, Schumann, Debussy; Rostropovich, Britten 2
1987 Nachtstücke / Moments Musicaux Robert Schumann, Franz Schubert; Эмиль Григорьевич Гилельс 1
1987 Requiem, Requiem für Mignon (Miklos Forrai - Hungarian State Orchestra) Robert Schumann 1
1987 Vladimir Horowitz: Schumann Robert Schumann; Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1988 Piano Concerto in A minor / Kinderszenen / Waldszenen / ABEGG-Variationen Schumann; Clara Haskil, The Hague Philharmonic Orchestra, Willem van Otterloo 1
1988 Symphonic Etudes / Albumblaetter / Arabesque (piano: Stefan Vladar) Robert Schumann 3
1988 Piano Concertos Grieg, Schumann; Budapest Symphony Orchestra, András Ligeti, Jenő Jandó 2
1988 Brahms: Symphony no. 1, op. 68 / Schumann: Manfred Overture, op. 115 Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1988 Brahms: Symphony no. 2, op. 73 / Schumann: Julius Caesar Overture, op. 128 Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1988 Brahms: Symphony no. 3, op. 90 / Schumann: Overture, Scherzo & Finale, op. 52 Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1988 Brahms: Symphony no. 4, op. 98 / Schumann: Genoveva Overture Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1988 Mozart: Sonata in D major, K. 576 / Sonata in F major, K. 332 / Chopin: Nocturne in B flat minor / Two Mazurkas / Schumann: Arabeske / Kinderszenen Mozart, Chopin, Schumann; Mieczysław Horszowski 1
1988 Piano Concerto / Symphonic Variations Schumann, Franck; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann, Ivan Moravec 1
1988 Piano Music Schumann; Cristina Ortiz 1
1988 Piano Works, vol. 2 Schumann; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1988 Piano Works, vol. 3 Robert Schumann; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1988 Schumann: Piano Trio, op. 63 / Schubert: Piano Trio, D. 898, op. 99 Robert Schumann, Franz Schubert; Arthur Rubinstein, Henryk Szeryng, Pierre Fournier 1
1988 Sibelius: String Quartet "Voces intimae" / Schumann: String Quartet no. 3 in A major Jean Sibelius, Robert Schumann; Voces Intimae Quartet 1
1988 Symphonies 1 & 4 Schumann; Staatskapelle Dresden, Wolfgang Sawallisch 1

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