Robert Schumann (German classical composer)

~ Person


Robert Schumann (8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. He had been assured by his teacher Friedrich Wieck that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

Schumann's published compositions were written exclusively for the piano until 1840; he later composed works for piano and orchestra; many Lieder (songs for voice and piano); four symphonies; an opera; and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. Works such as Kinderszenen, Album für die Jugend, Blumenstück, Sonatas and Albumblätter are among his most famous. His writings about music appeared mostly in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication which he jointly founded.

In 1840, against the wishes of her father, Schumann married Friedrich Wieck's daughter Clara, following a long and acrimonious legal battle, which found in favor of Clara and Robert. Clara also composed music and had a considerable concert career as a pianist, the earnings from which formed a substantial part of her father's fortune.

Schumann suffered from a lifelong mental disorder, first manifesting itself in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode, which recurred several times alternating with phases of ‘exaltation’ and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted to a mental asylum, at his own request, in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with "psychotic melancholia", Schumann died two years later in 1856 without having recovered from his mental illness.

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Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1961 Cellokonzert / Rokoko Variationen Schumann, Tchaikowsky; Mstislav Rostropowitsch 1
1966 Schumann: Dichterliebe / Schubert, Beethoven: Lieder Schumann, Schubert, Beethoven; Fritz Wunderlich, Hubert Giesen 2
1972 Liszt: Sonate h-Moll / Schumann: Sonate g-Moll Liszt, Schumann; Martha Argerich 1
1976 Сен-Санс: Концерт но. 2 для фортепиано с оркестром соль минор, соч. 22 / Шуман: Карнавал, соч. 9 К. Сен-Санс, Р. Шуман; Григорий Соколов 1
1977 Fantasie C-dur / Kreisleriana (feat. piano: Wilhelm Kempff) Robert Schumann 1
1979 Sonates pour violon et piano - Raphaël Oleg - Yves Rault Robert Schumann 1
1982 Symphonie No. 3 / »Manfred«-Ouvertüre (Los Angeles Philharmonic feat. conductor: Carlo Maria Giulini) Robert Schumann 1
1982 Beethoven: Symphonie No. 5 / Schumann: Symphonie No. 3 “Rheinische” Beethoven, Schumann; Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1982 Klavierkonzerte Schumann, Grieg; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan, Krystian Zimerman 3
1982 Schubert: Symphonie no. 8 "Unvollendete" / Schumann: Symphonie no. 3 "Rheinische" Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann; Giuseppe Sinopoli, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1982 Symphonie No. 1 / Manfred-Ouvertüre (Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Carlo Maria Giulini) Brahms / Schumann 1
1983 Beethoven: Klaviersonate, op. 111 / Schumann: Symphonische Etüden / Toccata Ludwig van Beethoven, Robert Schumann; Ivo Pogorelich 1
1984 Kinderszenen / Kreisleriana Robert Schumann; Martha Argerich 2
1984 Fantasiestücke - Fantasie Schumann; Alfred Brendel 1
1985 Schubert: Sonate für Arpeggione / Schumann: Fantasiestücke Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann; Martha Argerich, Mischa Maisky 1
1985 Dichterliebe / Liederkreis / Myrten (feat. baritone: Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, piano: Christopher Eschenbach) Robert Schumann 1
1985 Frauenliebe und Leben / Liederkreis / Tragödie I-III / 3 Lieder (feat. Mezzosopran: Brigitte Fassbänder, piano: Irwin Gage) Robert Schumann 1
1985 Kinderszenen / Waldszenen Schumann; Maria João Pires 1
1985 Symphonie Nr. 1 "Frühling" / Klavierkonzert Schumann; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Justus Frantz 1
1985 Symphony no. 1 "Frühlingssymphonie" / Symphony no. 4 Schumann; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1986 Violinsonaten Nos. 1 & 2 Robert Schumann; Gidon Kremer, Martha Argerich 1
1986 Schumann: Fantasie, Op. 17 / Schubert: "Wanderer" Fantasie Robert Schumann, Franz Schubert; Murray Perahia 1
1986 Symphonies Nos. 1 & 2 (Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Jerzy Semkow Simon) Robert Schumann 1
1986 Symphonies Nos. 3 & 4 (Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Jerzy Semkow Simon) Robert Schumann 1
1987 Klavierkonzerte Schumann, Grieg; Berliner Philharmoniker, Rafael Kubelík, Géza Anda 1
1987 Brahms: Sonatas for Viola and Piano / Schumann: Märchenbilder (viola: Nobuko Imai, piano: Roger Vignoles) Brahms / Schumann 1
1987 Carnaval / Papillons / Scenes from Childhood (1987 recordings) Robert Schumann; Jenő Jandó 1
1987 Piano Concertos Schumann, Grieg; Radu Lupu, LSO, André Previn 2
1987 Requiem, Requiem für Mignon (Miklos Forrai - Hungarian State Orchestra) Robert Schumann 1
1988 Piano Concerto in A minor / Kinderszenen / Waldszenen / ABEGG-Variationen Schumann; Clara Haskil, The Hague Philharmonic Orchestra, Willem van Otterloo 1
1988 Symphonic Etudes / Albumblaetter / Arabesque (piano: Stefan Vladar) Robert Schumann 2
1988 Piano Concertos Grieg, Schumann; Budapest Symphony Orchestra, András Ligeti, Jenő Jandó 2
1988 Brahms: Symphony no. 1, op. 68 / Schumann: Manfred Overture, op. 115 Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1988 Brahms: Symphony no. 2, op. 73 / Schumann: Julius Caesar Overture, op. 128 Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1988 Brahms: Symphony no. 3, op. 90 / Schumann: Overture, Scherzo & Finale, op. 52 Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1988 Brahms: Symphony no. 4, op. 98 / Schumann: Genoveva Overture Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1988 Piano Music (feat. piano: Cristina Ortiz) Robert Schumann 1
1988 Sibelius: String Quartet "Voces intimae" / Schumann: String Quartet no. 3 in A major Jean Sibelius, Robert Schumann; Voces Intimae Quartet 1
1988 Symphonies 1 & 4 (Staatskapelle Dresden feat. conductor: Wolfgang Sawallisch) Robert Schumann 1
1988 Works for Piano and Orchestra (Royal Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Enrique Bátiz, piano: Jorge Federico Osorio) Schumann, Saint-Saëns, Franck 1
1989 Chopin: Cello Sonata, op. 65 / Polonaise, op. 3 / Schumann: Adagio & Allegro, op. 70 Frédéric Chopin, Robert Schumann; Mstislav Rostropovich, Martha Argerich 1
1989 Album pour la jeunesse Robert Schumann, Alexis Weissenberg 1
1989 Album pour la jeunesse, Op. 68 Robert Schumann; Daniel Blumenthal 1
1989 Brahms: Symphony No. 3 / Schumann: Symphony No. 4 (Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: Guido Cantelli) Brahms / Schumann 1
1989 Schumann: Symphony No. 1 (Spring) / Konzertstück for Four Horns / Overture, Scherzo and Finale Robert Schumann 1
1989 Symphonies Nos. 2 & 3 (The Cleveland Orchestra, feat. conductor: Christoph von Dohnanyi) Robert Schumann 1
1990 Album für die Jugend, op. 68 Robert Schumann; Angela Brownridge 2
1990 Romantic Song Cycles Schumann, Brahms, Wagner; Tamara Takács, Jenő Jandó 1
1990 Piano Quintets Schumann, Brahms; Kodály Quartet, Jenő Jandó 2
1990 German Romantic Partsongs Schubert, Schumann, Cornelius, Reger, R. Strauss; The Hilliard Ensemble 1

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