Gwen Renée Stefani (/stəˈfɑːni/; born October 3, 1969) is an American singer, songwriter, fashion designer, and actress. She is the co-founder and lead vocalist of the rock band No Doubt. During the band's hiatus, Stefani embarked on a solo career where she pursued an interest in mainstream popular music. The singer has explored a variety of genres throughout her career, including dance, dancehall, electro, hip hop, and reggae. She has been called a "pop princess" by numerous publications and has inspired several musicians over the years.
Born in Fullerton, California, Stefani helped found No Doubt in 1986, which was signed to the newly created Interscope Records in 1990. Their breakthrough studio album Tragic Kingdom (1995) and successful singles as a group, including "Just a Girl", "Don't Speak", "Hey Baby", and "It's My Life", earned them ten Grammy nominations, where there ultimately won two of them. After their hiatus beginning in 2004, Stefani embarked on a solo career, where she wrote and produced two studio albums: Love. Angel. Music. Baby. (2004) and The Sweet Escape (2006). The former was met with both critical and commercial success and spawned three major worldwide hit singles: "What You Waiting For?," "Rich Girl," and "Hollaback Girl," the latter becoming the first US download to sell one million copies. The latter had a similar commercial reception, but reviewers were more critical to its repetitive sound from her previous work. Singles "Wind It Up" and "The Sweet Escape" peaked within the top 10 of many countries, including Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. She received an additional eight Grammy nominations as a solo artist, winning one of them for the 2001 single "Let Me Blow Ya Mind" with Eve.
In the 2010s, Stefani returned to No Doubt by releasing the moderately successful Push and Shove in 2012. Her third solo album This Is What the Truth Feels Like was released in March 2016 and became her first solo number one album on the Billboard 200. With this feat, she became the fifth woman that first reached number-one as part of a band or group, and then later earned their own solo leader. Outside of the music industry, Stefani appeared in Martin Scorsese film The Aviator (2004), to which the cast was nominated for "Outstanding Cast" at the 11th Screen Actors Guild Awards. As a solo artist, she has received several accolades, including a World Music Award, an American Music Award, a Brit Award, and two Billboard Music Awards. In 2003, she debuted her clothing line L.A.M.B. and expanded her collection with the 2005 Harajuku Lovers line, drawing inspiration from Japanese culture and fashion. Stefani performs and makes public appearances with four back-up dancers known as the Harajuku Girls. She was married to British musician Gavin Rossdale from 2002 to 2016 and they have three sons. Including her work with No Doubt, Stefani has sold more than 30 million albums worldwide. Billboard ranked Stefani the 54th most successful artist and 37th most successful Hot 100 artist of the 2000–09 decade. VH1 ranked her 13th on their "100 Greatest Women in Music" list in 2012.