Jean-Claude Malgoire (born 25 November 1940) is a French conductor.
He was born in Avignon, France and studied music locally and at the Paris Conservatory. His early musical career was as an oboist.
In 1966, he founded La Grande Écurie et la Chambre du Roy, a period-instrument Baroque music ensemble. He later abandoned performing as an oboist and since the later part of the twentieth century he has been recognized as an important French conductor of mainly Baroque music.