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Ludwig van Beethoven (/ˈlʊdvɪɡ væn ˈbˌtvən/, /ˈbtˌhvən/; German: [ˈluːtvɪç fan ˈbeːtˌhoˑfn̩]; baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, 1 violin concerto, 32 piano sonatas, 16 string quartets, his great Mass the Missa solemnis and an opera, Fidelio.

Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, Beethoven displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and by composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe. At the age of 21 he moved to Vienna, where he began studying composition with Joseph Haydn, and gained a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. He lived in Vienna until his death. By his late 20s his hearing began to deteriorate, and by the last decade of his life he was almost totally deaf. In 1811 he gave up conducting and performing in public but continued to compose; many of his most admired works come from these last 15 years of his life.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1992 String Quartets Opp. 131, 135 Ludwig van Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1992 Symfonie č. 3 Eroica, Klavírní koncert č. 2 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1992 Symphonie No. 3 "L'Héroique" & Ouverture "Léonore" Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1992 Symphonie nr. 6 "Pastorale" / Ouvertüren zu Coriolan, Egmont und Prometheus Beethoven; Slowakische Staatsphilharmonie, Libor Pešek, Philharmonic Orchestra London, Alfred Scholz 1
1992 Symphonie nr. 9 mit dem Schlußchor über Firedrich Schillers Ode "An die Freude" Beethoven; Europäisches Festival, William Bolden 1
1992 Symphonies Nos. 2 & 8 (Czech Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor Paul Kletzki) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1992 Symphony No. 1 / Symphony No. 3 "Eroica" (Vienna Master Series) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1992 Symphony no. 3 in E-flat major "Eroica", op. 55 / Symphony no. 1 in C major, op. 21 Beethoven; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, René Leibowitz 1
1992 Symphony no. 4 / Symphony no. 7 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1992 Symphony No. 4 / Symphony No. 7 Beethoven; The Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Nikolaus Harnoncourt 1
1992 Symphony no. 4 in B‐flat major, op. 60 / Symphony no. 7 in A major, op. 92 Beethoven; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, René Leibowitz 1
1992 Symphony no. 6 "Pastorale" / Symphony no. 8 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1992 Symphony No. 6 / Leonore Overture No. 2 (Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Michael Halasz) Ludwig van Beethoven 2
1992 Symphony No. 9 "Choral" (Great Festival Orchestra & Choir feat. conductor: Alberto Lizzio) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1992 Symphony no. 9 in D minor Ludwig van Beethoven; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, René Leibowitz 1
1992 Symphony No.3 "Eroica" / Leanora Overture No.1 Ludwig van Beethoven 2
1992 Tchaikovsky & Beethoven Violin Concertos Tchaikovsky, Beethoven; Vanessa-Mae 1
1992 The Complete Sonatas for Pianoforte and Cello Beethoven; Pieter Wispelwey, Paul Komen 1
1993 Symphonie No. 3 "Eroica" / Ouvertüre "Egmont" Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1993 Missa Solemnis, Op. 123 (Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: James Levine, vocals: Jessye Norman, Kurt Moll, Placido Domingo, Cheryl Studer, Gerhart Hetzel) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1993 Symphony no. 6, op. 68 "Pastoral" Ludwig van Beethoven / Franz Liszt; Glenn Gould 2
1993 Eroica-Variations / Variations, WoO 80 / Variations, op. 34 / Nel cor più non mi sento Ludwig van Beethoven; Jenő Jandó 1
1993 String Quartets, Volume 1: Op. 18, nos. 1 and 2 Ludwig van Beethoven; Kodály Quartet 2
1993 Piano Sonatas Nos. 16, 17 "Tempest", 18 Beethoven; Alfred Brendel 3
1993 The Early String Quartets op. 18 nos. 1-6 Beethoven; Tokyo String Quartet 1
1993 The Late String Quartets Beethoven; Vermeer Quartet 1
1993 The Complete Music for Solo Piano, Volume 22: The Complete Symphonies Ludwig van Beethoven / Franz Liszt; Leslie Howard 1
1993 Violin Sonatas, op. 12, nos. 1-3 Ludwig van Beethoven; Takako Nishizaki, Jenő Jandó 1
1993 Symphony no. 9 "Choral' Ludwig van Beethoven; New York Philharmonic, Zubin Mehta 1
1993 Sonatas by Beethoven, Hindemith, and Heiden Beethoven, Hindemith, Heiden; John Cerminaro 1
1993 Cello Sonatas, op. 69 & 102 Ludwig van Beethoven; Mischa Maisky, Martha Argerich 2
1993 Piano Sonatas Nos. 21, 22, 28 / Andante favori Beethoven; Alfred Brendel 2
1993 Symphony no. 3 “Eroica” and “Leonore III” Overture Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Rafael Kubelík, Staatskapelle Dresden, Karl Böhm 2
1993 Egmont, Leonora Overture (BRTN Philharmonic, London Philharmonic feat. conductor: Alexander Rahbari) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1993 Klavierkonzerte Nos. 2 & 3 Beethoven; Friedrich Gulda, Wiener Philharmoniker, Horst Stein 1
1993 Klaviertrios no. 1 & no. 5 "Geister-Trio" Beethoven; Chung Trio 2
1993 Missa solemnis / Mass in C (London Symphony Orchestra & Chorus, Sir Colin Davis) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1993 More Greatest Hits Ludwig van Beethoven 2
1993 Piano Concerto no. 5 "Emperor" / Piano Concerto no. 20 Beethoven, Mozart; Philharmonia Orchestra, Wolfgang Sawallisch, Youri Egorov 1
1993 Piano Concertos Nos. 3 & 5 "Emperor" Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1993 Piano Concertos nos. 4 & 5 “Emperor” Ludwig van Beethoven; Friedrich Gulda, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Horst Stein 1
1993 Piano Sonatas opp. 90, 101, 106, 109, 110, 111 Ludwig van Beethoven; Solomon 1
1993 Piano Sonatas, Volume IV Ludwig van Beethoven; Alfred Brendel 1
1993 Septet Op. 20 / Sextet Op. 81b (Wiener Kammerensemble) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1993 Sinfonie Nr. 9 D-Moll, Op. 125 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1993 String Quartets "Razumovskys": Op. 59 no. 2 in E minor / Op. 59 no. 3 in C major Ludwig van Beethoven; Cleveland Quartet 1
1993 String Quartets, Op. 59 Nos. 1 & 3 (Brandis Quartett) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1993 String Quartets: Op. 18 no. 6 / Op. 59 no. 1 Ludwig van Beethoven; Cleveland Quartet 1
1993 Svjatoslav Richter in Prague: Piano Sonatas Nos. 27, 28, 29 Beethoven; Svjatoslav Richter 1
1993 Symphonies No. 1, 2, 4 & 5 Ludwig van Beethoven; Vienna Philharmonic, Karl Böhm 1
1993 Symphony 9 "Choral" Beethoven; McNair, van Nes, Heilmann, Weikl, Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, Kurt Masur 2
1993 Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major, Op 55 "Eroica" (Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Michael Gielen) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1993 Symphony no. 5 / Overtures Beethoven; "New Philharmony," St. Petersburg, Alexander Titov 2
1993 Symphony no. 6 "Pastoral Symphony" in F major, op. 68 / Egmont op. 84 / Leonore, op. 72a Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1993 Symphony No. 6 "Pastoral" / Symphonies Nos. 7 & 8 / Overtures Beethoven; Vienna Philharmonic, Staatskapelle Dresden, Karl Böhm 1
1993 Symphony No. 9 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1993 Symphony no. 9 in D minor, op. 125 "Choral" Ludwig van Beethoven; London Symphony Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1993 The Late Piano Sonatas Beethoven; Alfred Brendel 1
1993 The Piano Trios Ludwig van Beethoven; Trio Fontenay 1
1993 Violin Concerto / Two Romances Beethoven; Gidon Kremer, The Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Nikolaus Harnoncourt 3
1993 Violin Concertos Beethoven, Bruch; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley, Arve Tellefsen 2
1994 Favourite Piano Sonatas Beethoven; Alfred Brendel 1
1994 Schubert: Piano Trio no. 2 / Beethoven: Piano Trio no. 1 Schubert, Beethoven; Pablo Casals 1
1994 Piano Trios, Volume 1: Op. 1, nos. 1 and 2 Ludwig van Beethoven; Stuttgart Piano Trio 2
1994 Beethoven: Piano Concerto no. 5 / Rachmaninoff: Piano Concerto no. 2 Beethoven, Rachmaninoff; Van Cliburn, Chicago Symphony, Fritz Reiner 1
1994 BBC Music, Volume 2, Number 7: Piano Sonatas nos. 29, 32 (piano: Edith Vogel) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1994 Schnabel plays Beethoven I Beethoven; Artur Schnabel 1
1994 Missa Solemnis Ludwig van Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Chicago Symphony Chorus, Daniel Barenboim, Tina Kiberg, Waltraud Meier, John Aler, Robert Holl 1
1994 Triple Concerto / Choral Fantasy Beethoven; Beaux Arts Trio, Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, Kurt Masur 1
1994 Piano Sonatas: No.13, Op.27 No.1 / No.14, Op.27 No.2 “Moonlight” / No.15, Op.28 “Pastorale” Beethoven; Bruno‐Leonardo Gelber 2
1994 Piano Sonatas no. 8 "Pathétique" / no. 23 "Appassionata" / no. 31, op. 110 Beethoven; Emil Gilels 1
1994 Missa Solemnis (Singing City Choirs & Philadelphia Orchestra feat. conductor: Eugene Ormandy) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1994 Piano Trios, Volume 3: Op. 70, nos. 1 "Ghost" & 2 Ludwig van Beethoven; Stuttgart Piano Trio 1
1994 Piano Quartets Beethoven, Schumann; Isaac Stern, Yo‐Yo Ma, Emanuel Ax, Jaime Laredo 1
1994 Brahms: Symphony No. 4 / Beethoven: Egmont Overture Brahms, Beethoven; Fritz Reiner, The Royal Philharmonic, René Leibowitz 1
1994 Symphony no. 6, op. 68 "Pastoral" / Symphony no. 8, op. 93 Beethoven; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, René Leibowitz 1
1994 Beethoven: Symphony No. 3 "Eroica"; Coriolan Overture Ludwig van Beethoven; Beethoven Orchester Bonn & Dennis Russell Davies 1
1994 Schnabel plays Beethoven II Beethoven; Artur Schnabel 1
1994 Beethoven: Calm Sea & Prosperous Voyage, Choral Fantasy, Rondo / Wagner: Preludes & Overtures Ludwig van Beethoven, Richard Wagner; Jerzy Semkow & Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra 1
1994 Brahms: Symphonie Nr. 1 / Beethoven: Ouvertüren »Egmont«, »Coriolan« Brahms, Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1994 Symphonie no. 9 Beethoven; Jessye Norman, Brigitte Fassbaender, Plácido Domingo, Walter Berry, Konzertvereinigung Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Philharmoniker, Karl Böhm 2
1994 Die Geschöpfe des Prometheus, op. 43 Beethoven; Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 2
1994 Schnabel plays Beethoven III Beethoven; Artur Schnabel 1
1994 Piano Sonatas Nos. 12-14, 19 Beethoven; Alfred Brendel 1
1994 Violinsonaten Nos. 6-8 Ludwig van Beethoven; Gidon Kremer, Martha Argerich 1
1994 The Late String Quartets nos. 12-16 Beethoven; Lindsay String Quartet 1
1994 Beethoven - Symphony No.5 & Schubert - Symphony No.8 Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Schubert; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Claire Gibault 1
1994 Beethoven: Symphonie no. 3, Es-dur, op. 55, "Eroica" / Schubert Symphonie no. 8, h-moo, D 759, "Unvollendete" Beethoven / Schubert; The MET Orchestra, James Levine 1
1994 Beethoven's Broadwood Piano in the Hungarian National Museum Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1994 Concerto pour piano Nos. 4, 5 "Empereur" Ludwig van Beethoven; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, André Previn, Emanuel Ax 1
1994 Ferenc Fricsay Portrait: Symphonie no. 9 Ludwig van Beethoven; Irmgard Seefried, Maureen Forrester, Ernst Haefliger, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Chor der St. Hedwigs-Kathedrale, Berliner Philharmoniker, Ferenc Fricsay 1
1994 Gassenhauer-Trio, op. 11 / Trio pour pianoforte, violon & violoncelle, op. 1 nº 3 Beethoven; Wolfgang Meyer, Patrick Cohen, Erich Höbarth, Christophe Coin 1
1994 Grandes sonates (No. 8, 14, 23 & 59) Beethoven; Dubravka Tomšič Srebotnjak, Silvia Cápová 1
1994 Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms: Sonáty pro housle a klavír Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johannes Brahms 1
1994 Piano Concerto no. 1 / Piano Sonata nos. 23 “Appassionata” & 24 Beethoven; Friedrich Gulda, Wiener Philharmoniker, Horst Stein 1
1994 Piano Concerto No. 2 / Septet Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1994 Piano Concertos 4 & 5 (The Academy of Ancient Music feat. conductor: Christopher Hogwood, piano: Steven Lubin) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1994 Piano Sonatas Beethoven; Arthur Rubinstein 1
1994 Piano Sonatas, opp. 101 & 106 'Hammerklavier' Ludwig van Beethoven; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1994 Piano Trio Op. 70 No. 1 "Ghost", Piano Trio Op. 97 "Archduke" Beethoven; Eugene Istomin, Isaac Stern, Leonard Rose 1

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