Carl Nielsen

~ Person

Legal name: Carl August Nielsen

Wikipedia

Carl August Nielsen (Danish: [kʰɑːl ˈnelsn̩]; 9 June 1865 – 3 October 1931) was a Danish musician, conductor and violinist, widely recognized as his country's most prominent composer.

Brought up by poor but musically talented parents on the island of Funen, he demonstrated his musical abilities at an early age. He initially played in a military band before attending the Royal Danish Academy of Music in Copenhagen from 1884 until December 1886. He premiered his Op. 1, Suite for Strings, in 1888, at the age of 23. The following year, Nielsen began a 16-year stint as a second violinist in the prestigious Royal Danish Orchestra under the conductor Johan Svendsen, during which he played in Giuseppe Verdi's Falstaff and Otello at their Danish premieres. In 1916, he took a post teaching at the Royal Academy and continued to work there until his death.

Although his symphonies, concertos and choral music are now internationally acclaimed, Nielsen's career and personal life were marked by many difficulties, often reflected in his music. The works he composed between 1897 and 1904 are sometimes ascribed to his "psychological" period, resulting mainly from a turbulent marriage with the sculptor Anne Marie Brodersen. Nielsen is especially noted for his six symphonies, his Wind Quintet and his concertos for violin, flute and clarinet. In Denmark, his opera Maskarade and many of his songs have become an integral part of the national heritage. His early music was inspired by composers such as Brahms and Grieg, but he soon developed his own style, first experimenting with progressive tonality and later diverging even more radically from the standards of composition still common at the time. Nielsen's sixth and final symphony, Sinfonia semplice, was written in 1924–25. He died from a heart attack six years later, and is buried in Vestre Cemetery, Copenhagen.

Nielsen maintained the reputation of an outsider during his lifetime, both in his own country and internationally. It was only later that his works firmly entered the international repertoire, accelerating in popularity from the 1960s through Leonard Bernstein and others. In Denmark, Nielsen's reputation was sealed in 2006 when three of his compositions were listed by the Ministry of Culture amongst the twelve greatest pieces of Danish music. For many years, he appeared on the Danish hundred-kroner banknote. The Carl Nielsen Museum in Odense documents his life and that of his wife. Between 1994 and 2009 the Royal Danish Library, sponsored by the Danish government, completed the Carl Nielsen Edition, freely available online, containing background information and sheet music for all Nielsen's works, many of which had not been previously published.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1978 Symphony no. 5 Carl Nielsen; Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 1
1980 Scandinavian Music Grieg, Sibelius, Nielsen, Dag Wirén; The Academy of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Neville Marriner 2
1984 Symphonies 5 + 6 Carl Nielsen; Royal Danish Orchestra, Paavo Berglund 1
1984 Symphony No. 4 "The Inextinguishable" Nielsen; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1986 Clarinet Concertos Weber, Nielsen; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Benny Goodman 1
1986 Sibelius / Grieg / Nielsen Sibelius, Grieg, Nielsen; Nanna Hansen 1
1986 Springtime in Funen / Suite from Aladdin Carl Nielsen; Odense Symphony Orchestra, Tamás Vető 1
1988 Flute Concertos Nielsen, Reinecke, Busoni; Aurèle Nicolet, Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, Kurt Masur 1
1988 Symphonies 3 + 4 Carl Nielsen; Royal Danish Orchestra, Paavo Berglund 1
1988 Symphonies 4 & 5 Nielsen; San Francisco Symphony, Herbert Blomstedt 1
1988 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Nielsen; Cho-Liang Lin, Esa-Pekka Salonen 4
1989 The Complete Piano Music Carl Nielsen; Elisabeth Westenholz 1
1989 Concerto for Violin and Orchestra / Symphony no. 4 "The Inextinguishable" Nielsen; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Yehudi Menuhin, Arve Tellefsen 1
1989 Symphonies 1 & 6 Nielsen; San Francisco Symphony, Herbert Blomstedt 1
1989 Symphonies Nos.1 and 2 Carl Nielsen; Royal Danish Orchestra, Paavo Berglund 1
1989 Symphony no. 2 "Four Temperaments" / Pan & Syrinx, op. 49 / Aladdin Suite Carl Nielsen; Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Esa-Pekka Salonen 1
1990 Symphony no. 5 / Masquerade: Overture, Prelude, Dance Nielsen; Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Esa-Pekka Salonen 1
1990 The Complete Concertos Nielsen; Kim Sjøgren, Niels Thomsen, Toke Lund Christiansen, Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, Michael Schønwandt 1
1990 Symphonies 2 & 3 Nielsen; San Francisco Symphony, Herbert Blomstedt 1
1991 Maskarade Overture / Peer Gynt Suites 1, 2 / Aladdin Suite (San Francisco Symphony feat. conductor: Herbert Blomstedt) Edvard Grieg / Carl Nielsen 1
1991 Violin Concertos Nielsen, Sibelius; Yehudi Menuhin, Danish State Radio Symphony Orchestra, Mogens Wöldike, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult 1
1992 Symphonies: No. 4 "The Inextinguishable" / No. 6 "Sinfonia semplice" Nielsen; Royal Scottish Orchestra, Bryden Thomson 1
1992 BBC Music, Volume 1, Number 3: Carl Nielsen: Symphony no. 2 “The Four Temperaments”, op. 16 / Jean Sibelius: Symphony no. 5 in E flat, op. 82 Nielsen, Sibelius; BBC Symphony Orchestra, Andrew Davis, Matthias Bamert 1
1992 Symphonies nos. 4 "The Inextinguishable" and 5 Nielsen; National Symphony Orchestra of Ireland, Adrian Leaper 1
1993 Aladdin Carl Nielsen; Mette Ejsing, Guido Paevatalu, Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra & Chamber Choir, Gennadi Rozhdestvensky 2
1993 Violin Concerto / Flute Concerto / Clarinet Concerto Carl Nielsen; Dong Suk-Kang, Patrick Gallois, Olle Schill, Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Myung-Whun Chung 1
1993 Symphony no. 4 "Inextinguishable" / Symphony no. 6 "Sinfonia semplice" Carl Nielsen; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1994 Scandinavian Rhapsody Sibelius, Grieg, Nielsen; Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra, Leif Segerstam 1
1994 Symphonies: No. 1, op 7 / No. 4, op 29 “The Inextinguishable” Nielsen; Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra, Gennady Rozhdestvensky 1
1995 Violin Sonatas Janáček, Debussy, Ravel, Nielsen; Christian Tetzlaff, Leif Ove Andsnes 1
1996 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Nielsen; Maxim Vengerov, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Daniel Barenboim 2
1996 Aladdin Suite / Helios / Pan & Syrinx / Saga-Dream / Maskarade Nielsen; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1996 Piano Pieces Carl Nielsen; Leif Ove Andsnes 2
1999 Music for Oboe, Oboe d'Amore, Cor Anglais and Piano Schumann, Daelli, Nielsen, Cossart, Yvon, Koechlin; Albrecht Mayer, Markus Becker 1
1999 String Quartets, Vol. 1: Op. 14 / Op. 44 Carl Nielsen; Oslo String Quartet 1
1999 Carl Nielsen (Det Jyske Ensemble) Carl Nielsen 1
1999 Romantische Verwandlungen Reinecke, Nielsen, v. Herzogenberg, Klughardt; Hansjörg Schellenberger, Gérard Caussé, Radovan Vlatković, Vadim Gladkov 1
2000 Violin Concerto / Clarinet Concerto / Flute Concerto Nielsen; Jonathan Carney, Kevin Banks, Gareth Davies, Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Kees Bakels 1
2000 Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 6 "Sinfonia semplice" Carl Nielsen; Danish National Symphony Orchestra, Michael Schønwandt 2
2001 Liszt: Mephisto Waltz / Tippett: Concerto for Double String Orchestra / Nielsen: Symphony no. 6 Liszt, Tippett, Nielsen; London Symphony Orchestra, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Leopold Stokowski 1
2002 Symphonies 1 & 6 Carl Nielsen; BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra, Osmo Vänskä 1
2002 Nielsen: Symphony no. 1 / Sibelius: Symphony no. 7 Carl Nielsen, Jean Sibelius; Copenhagen Philharmonic Orchestra, Okko Kamu 1
2004 Stravinsky: The Rite of Spring / Nielsen: Symphony No. 5, Op. 50 Igor Stravinsky, Carl Nielsen; Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, Paavo Järvi 1
2005 Aladdin Suite / Pan and Syrinx / Saga Dream / Maskarade Overture / Helios Overture Carl Nielsen; South Jutland Symphony Orchestra, Niklas Willén 1
2005 Sange Carl Nielsen; Marie Carmen Koppel, Mads Bærentzen, Peter Vuust 1
2005 Violin Concerto / Aladdin Suite / Romance for Violin op. 2 Carl Nielsen; Malcolm Stewart, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Douglas Bostock 1
2006 Intimate Voices Edvard Grieg, Jean Sibelius, Carl Nielsen; Emerson String Quartet 2
2006 BBC Music, Volume 14, Number 11: Sibelius: Symphony no. 1 / Nielsen: Symphony no. 1 Sibelius, Nielsen; BBC National Orchestra of Wales, Joseph Swensen, Ulster Orchestra, János Fürst 1
2007 Orchestral Music Carl Nielsen; Danish National Symphony Orchestra, Thomas Dausgaard 1
2007 Clarinet Concertos Nielsen, Aho; Martin Fröst, Lahti Symphony Orchestra, Osmo Vänskä 1
2007 String Quartets, Vol. 1 Carl Nielsen; The Young Danish String Quartet 1
2007 Clarinet & Flute Concertos / Wind Quintet Nielsen; Sabine Meyer, Emmanuel Pahud, Berliner Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 1
2008 String Quartets, Vol. 2 Carl Nielsen; The Young Danish String Quartet 1
2008 Symphony no. 2 "The Four Temperaments" / Symphony no. 3 "Sinfonia espansiva" Carl Nielsen; Inger Dam-Jensen, Poul Elming, Danish National Symphony Orchestra, Michael Schønwandt 1
2010 Liebermann Flute Concerto and Works by Hüe, Poulenc and Nielsen Lowell Liebermann, Georges Hüe, Francis Poulenc, Carl Nielsen; Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Paul Daniel, Katherine Bryan 1
2011 Bruckner / Sibelius / Nielsen Bruckner, Sibelius, Nielsen; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Gustavo Dudamel 2
2012 Violin Concertos Tchaikovsky, Nielsen; Danish National Symphony Orchestra, Eivind Gullberg Jensen, Vilde Frang 2
2013 BBC Music, Volume 21, Number 11: Nielsen: Symphony no. 5 / Sibelius: Symphony no. 5 Carl Nielsen, Jean Sibelius; BBC National Orchestra of Wales, Thomas Søndergård 1
2013 Symphony no. 4 "The Inextinguishable" / Symphony no. 5 Carl Nielsen; Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra, Sakari Oramo 1
2013 Autrefois: Flute Concertos Paavo Heininen, Carl Nielsen; Mikael Helasvuo, Saimaa Sinfonietta, Tibor Bogányi 1
2013 Symphony no. 4 "Indextinguishable" / Symphony no. 5 Carl Nielsen; London Symphony Orchestra, Ole Schmidt 1
2014 Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 3 "Sinfonia Espansiva" Carl Nielsen; Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra, Sakari Oramo 1
2014 Symphony no. 5 / Symphony no. 6 "Sinfonia semplice" Carl Nielsen; New York Philharmonic, Alan Gilbert 1
2015 Symphony no. 2 "The Four Temperaments" / Symphony no. 6 "Sinfonia semplice" Carl Nielsen; Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra, Sakari Oramo 2
2015 Complete Symphonies Nielsen; BBC Philharmonic, John Storgårds 1
2015 Violin Concertos / 2 Serenades Nielsen, Sibelius; Baiba Skride, Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra, Santtu-Matias Rouvali 1
2016 Montres Breguet & Concours de Geneve Present Adriana Ferreira Nielsen, Vivaldi, Schubert, Tanada, Jolivet; Adriana Ferreira 1
2016 Carl Nielsen sung by the Danish National Choirs Carl Nielsen; Danish National Choirs 1
Aladdin Suite / Helios / Pan & Syrinx / Saga-Dream / Maskarade Carl Nielsen; Göteborgs Symfoniker; Neeme Järvi 1
Levitation Eötvös, Nielsen, Sallinen; Kojo, Sundqvist, Aalto, Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Lintu, Kamu 1
Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 4 "The Inextinguishable" Carl Nielsen; Royal Danish Orchestra, Paavo Berglund 1
Symphony No. 2 "The Four Temperaments" / Symphony No. 4 "Inextinguishable" Nielsen; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Morton Gould, Jean Martinon 1
Symphony no. 3 "Sinfonia Espansiva" / Symphony no. 5 Carl Nielsen; Royal Danish Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1987 James Galway plays Nielsen Nielsen; James Galway 3
1987 Symphony no. 1 / Little Suite Carl Nielsen; Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Esa-Pekka Salonen 1
1987 The Six Symphonies / The Three Concertos Carl Nielsen; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Myung-Whun Chung, Neeme Järvi 1
1990 Symphonies Nos. 1-6 / Flute Concerto / Clarinet Concerto / Orchestral Music Carl Nielsen; Philadelphia Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, Eugene Ormandy, Leonard Bernstein 1
1993 Souvenirs of Scandinavia Grieg, Sibelius, Nielsen; CBC Vancouver Orchestra, Mario Bernardi 1
1994 Nielsen: Symphony no. 4 / Sibelius: Tapiola Carl Nielsen, Jean Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1994 Symphony no. 1 & no. 4 "Inextinguishable" Carl Nielsen; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Jean Martinon 1
1995 Sibelius: The Swan of Tuonela / Nielsen: Helios Overture / Grieg: Holberg Suite Sibelius, Nielsen, Grieg; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Groves, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Gennady Rozhdestvensky 1
1999 The Symphonies nos. 4 - 6 Nielsen; San Francisco Symphony, Herbert Blomstedt 2
1999 The Symphonies Nos. 1 - 3 Nielsen; San Francisco Symphony, Herbert Blomstedt 1
2001 BBC Music, Volume 9, Number 9: Symphony no. 4 "The Inextinguishable" / Clarinet Concerto Nielsen; BBC National Orchestra of Wales, Tadaaki Otaka, Petri Sakari, Robert Plane 1
2004 Five Nordic Masters Svendsen, Stenhammar, Nielsen, Sibelius, Tubin; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
2004 BBC Music, Volume 12, Number 11: Wind Quintets Nielsen, Ligeti, Barber, Françaix; Galliard Ensemble 1
2004 Symphonies Carl Nielsen; Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra, Gennady Rozhdestvensky 1
2004 Quadromania: Carl Nielsen: The Complete Symphonies (RLPO, Bostock) Carl Nielsen 1
2005 Symphonies (complete) Nielsen; Janáčkova Philharmonic Orchestra, Theodore Kuchar 1
2007 Concertos for Clarinet, Flute & Violin, etc. Nielsen; Kjell-Inge Stevensson, Franz Lemmser, Arve Tellefsen, Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Herbert Blomstedt 1
2007 Nielsen: Symphony no. 4 "The Inextinguishable" / Sibelius: Symphony no. 3 Carl Nielsen, Jean Sibelius; Hallé Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli 1
2007 Sibelius: Symphony no. 5 / Nielsen: Symphony no. 4 Sibelius, Nielsen; Philharmonia Orchestra, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 1
2007 Symphonies 1–6 / Bøhmisk–dansk folketone / Andante lamentoso (Ved en ung kunstners baare) Nielsen; Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Herbert Blomstedt 1
2008 Symphonies 1-6 / Overtures / Concertos / Wind Quintet / Piano Music Nielsen; Leif Ove Andsnes, Melos Ensemble, Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Herbert Blomstedt 1
2009 Nielsen: Symphony no. 3 "Sinfonia espansiva" / Sibelius: Symphony no. 5 Nielsen, Sibelius; BBC Northern Symphony Orchestra, Jascha Horenstein 1
2010 The Symphonies Nielsen; BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra, Lahti Symphony Orchestra, Osmo Vänskä 1
2015 Symphonies nos. 1-6 Nielsen; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
Complete Symphonies Carl Nielsen; Neeme Järvi, Göteborgs Symfoniker 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2012 Symphonies nos. 1 & 6 Nielsen; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
2012 Symphonies nos. 2 & 3 Carl Nielsen; New York Philharmonic, Alan Gilbert 1

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