Legal name: Antonín Leopold Dvořák


Antonín Leopold Dvořák (/ˈdvɔrʒɑːk/ DVOR-zhahk or /dɨˈvɔrʒæk/ di-VOR-zhak; Czech: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈlɛopolt ˈdvor̝aːk] ( ); September 8, 1841 – May 1, 1904) was a Czech composer. Following the nationalist example of Bedřich Smetana, Dvořák frequently employed features of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia (then parts of the Austrian Empire and now constituting the Czech Republic). Dvořák's own style has been described as 'the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them'.

Born in Nelahozeves, Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age. His first surviving work, Forget-Me-Not Polka in C (Polka pomněnka) was written possibly as early as 1855. He graduated from the organ school in Prague in 1859. In the 1860s, he played as a violist in the Bohemian Provisional Theater Orchestra and taught piano lessons. In 1873, he married Anna Čermáková, and left the orchestra to pursue another career as a church organist. He wrote several compositions during this period. Dvořák's music attracted the interest of Johannes Brahms, who assisted his career; he was also supported by the critics Eduard Hanslick and Louis Ehlert.

After the premiere of his cantata Stabat Mater (1880), Dvořák visited the United Kingdom and became popular there; his Seventh Symphony was written for London. After a brief conducting stint in Russia in 1890, Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory in 1891. In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City, where he also composed. However, shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness made him decide to return to Bohemia. From 1895 until his death, he composed mainly operatic and chamber music. At his death, he left several unfinished works.

Among Dvořák's best known works are his symphony From The New World, the American String Quartet, the opera Rusalka and his Cello Concerto in B minor. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are also widely performed and recorded. He composed operas, choral music, a wide variety of chamber music, concerti and many other orchestral and vocal and instrumental pieces. He has been described as "arguably the most versatile...composer of his time".

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Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1959 Sinfonie Nr. 9 Aus der neuen Welt Antonín Dvořák; Herbert von Karajan 1
1959 Symphony no. 9 in E minor op. 95 "From the New World" Dvořák; Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 2
1962 Konzert für Violoncello und Orchester h-moll, op. 104 Antonín Dvořák; Pierre Fournier, Berliner Philharmoniker, George Szell 1
1962 Symphonic Poems Antonín Dvořák, Česká filharmonie & Zdeněk Chalabala 1
1963 Symphonie N° 9 En Mi Mineur, Op. 95 "Nouveau Monde" Dvorak, Orchestre Philharmonique Tchèque, Karel Ancerl 1
1964 Streicherserenade op.22, Bläserserenade op. 44 Antonín Dvořák 1
1968 Mozart - Quartetto in re minore KV 421 / Dvorak - Quartetto in fa maggiore Op. 96 / Ravel Quartetto in fa maggiore (Quartetto Italiano) Mozart / Dvořák 1
1971 Smetana: Má vlast / Dvořák: Slavonic Dances, Op. 46 Nos. 1-6 Smetana / Dvořák 1
1972 Piano Quartets Nos. 1 & 2 Dvořák; Beaux Arts Trio, Walter Trampler 2
1973 Aus Der Neuen Welt - Symphonie Nr. 5 (9) E-Moll Op. 95 Dvořák; Herbert von Karajan, Berliner Philharmoniker 1
1977 Dvorak Cello Concertos nos 1 & 2 Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann, Miloš Sádlo 1
1980 Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák; Wiener Philharmoniker, Kirill Kondrashin 5 3
1981 Symphony No. 9 in E minor, op. 95 "From the New World" / Carnival Overture Antonín Dvořák; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Enrique Bátiz 1
1982 Smetana: Die Moldau / Dvorak: Slawische Tänze / Tchaikovsky: Dornröschen / Tchaikovsky: Romeo und Julia Bedřich Smetana, Antonín Dvořák, Пётр Ильич Чайковский; London Festival Orchestra, George Ralph Warren 1
1982 Symphony No. 8 in G major, op. 88 Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann 1
1983 Serenades op. 22 & 44) Antonín Dvořák; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Neville Marriner 1
1983 Dvořák: Trio no. 4 in E minor "Dumky" / Suk: Elegy Dvořák, Suk; Suk Trio 1
1983 Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 "From the New World" / "Carnaval" Overture, Op. 92 Antonín Dvořák; Wiener Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 2
1984 Cello Concerto in B minor, op. 104 / Waldesruhe Antonín Dvořák; Frans Helmerson, The Gothenburg S.O., Neeme Järvi 1
1984 Symphony no. 8 / Nocturne for Strings Antonín Dvořák; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley 1
1984 Dvorak Symphonies 7, 8 & 9 "New World" Antonín Dvořák; Minnesota Orchestra, Neville Marriner 1
1984 Slavonic Dances and Rhapsody Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann 2
1984 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" Dvořák; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1985 Slavonic Dances, Opp. 46 & 72 (March 1985 recording) Antonín Dvořák; Václav Neumann, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 2
1985 Dvorak: "Dumky" Trio / Mendelssohn: Piano Trio No.1 Dvořák, Mendelssohn; Beaux Arts Trio 1
1985 Dvořák: Symphonie no. 9 / Smetana: Moldau Dvořák, Smetana; Wiener Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 3
1985 Slavonic Dances, op. 46 and op. 72 Antonín Dvořák; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 3
1985 Streichquartett Nr. 10 Es-dur, op. 51 / Streichquartett e-moll Antonín Dvořák, Giuseppe Verdi; Vermeer Quartet 1
1985 Symphony No. 9 in E. minor "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák; Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, István Kertész 1
1986 Beethoven: Violin Romances / Dvořák: Romance, Op. 11 / Schubert: Konzertstück / Rondo / Polonaise Beethoven, Dvořák, Schubert; Pinchas Zukerman, St. Paul Chamber Orchestra 2
1986 Cello Concerto Op. 104 Dvořák; Yo‐Yo Ma, Berliner Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
1986 Dvorák: Piano Trio no. 4 in E minor, op. 90 "Dumky" / Smetana: Piano Trio in G minor Dvořák, Smetana; Borodin Trio 1
1986 Dvořák: Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / Smetana: Vltava Antonín Dvořák, Bedřich Smetana; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1986 Klavierquintett op.81 / Sonatine für zwei Violinen und Klavier Dvořák / Martinů 1
1986 Serenade for Strings, op. 22 / Serenade for Wind, op. 44 Antonín Dvořák; Philharmonia Orchestra, Christopher Warren-Green 3
1986 Slawische Tänze · Slavonic Dances opp. 46 & 72 Antonín Dvořák; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelik 2
1986 Slovanské Tance Antonín Dvořák; Česká filharmonie, Václav Neumann 1
1986 Stabat Mater, op. 58 Antonín Dvořák; Orchestre de la Radio Ljubljana, Marko Munih 4
1986 String Quartet in D minor, op. 34 / String Quartet in E-flat major, op. 51 Antonín Dvořák; American String Quartet 1
1986 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák; Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 1
1987 String Quartets, Volume 1 Antonín Dvořák; Stamitz Quartet 1
1987 Concert Overtures Antonín Dvořák; Ulster Orchestra, Vernon Handley 1
1987 Dvořák: Concerto in B minor, op. 104 / Schubert: Sonata in A minor, D. 821 Dvořák, Schubert; London Symphony Orchestra, James Levine, Lynn Harrell 1
1987 Dvorak: Concerto pour violoncelle / Tchaikovski: Variations Rococo Dvorak, Tchaikovski; Mstislav Rostropovitch, Seiji Ozawa, Boston Symphony Orchestra 1
1987 New World Symphony, Carnival Overture, Scherzo Capriccioso Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 1
1987 Symphony no. 5 / The Water Goblin Antonín Dvořák; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1987 Symphony no. 6 in D major, op. 60 / The Noon Witch, Symphonic Poem, op. 108 Antonín Dvořák; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1987 Symphony no. 7 in D minor, op. 70 / The Golden Spinning Wheel, Symphonic Poem, op. 109 Antonín Dvořák; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1987 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / Symphonic Variations Antonín Dvořák; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Zdeněk Mácal 1
1987 Symphony No. 9 in E minor, op. 95 Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Barry Tuckwell 1

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