Group members over the years
First Line Up
Jeff Lynne, Roy Wood, Bev Bevan, Steve Woolam, Bill Hunt
Second Line Up
Jeff Lynne, Richard Tandy, Bev Bevan, Michael De Albuquerque, Wilf Gibson, Colin Walker, Mike Edwards
Third Line Up
Jeff Lynne, Richard Tandy, Bev Bevan, Kelly Groucutt, Mik Kaminski, Hugh McDowell, Melvyn Gale
Fourth Line Up
Jeff Lynne, Richard Tandy, Bev Bevan, Kelly Groucutt, Mik Kaminski, Louis Clark, Dave Morgan
Fifth Line Up
Jeff Lynne, Richard Tandy, Bev Bevan
The Electric Light Orchestra (ELO) are a British rock group from Birmingham, England. They were formed to accommodate Roy Wood's and Jeff Lynne's desire to create modern rock and pop songs with classical overtones. After Wood's departure following the band's debut record, Lynne wrote and arranged all of the group's original compositions and produced every album. In 2012, Lynne reformed the band under the moniker Jeff Lynne's ELO.
Despite early singles' success in the United Kingdom, the band was initially more successful in the United States, where they were billed as "The English guys with the big fiddles". They gained a cult following notwithstanding initial lukewarm reviews in their native UK. By the mid-1970s, they had become one of the biggest-selling acts in music. From 1972 to 1986, ELO accumulated 27 Top-40 hit singles in both the UK and the US, with 20 Top 20 UK singles and 15 Top-20 US singles. The band also holds the record for having the most Billboard Hot 100 Top 40 hits, 20, of any group in United States chart history without ever having a number one single. The band's only #1 single on a US chart of any significance was "Shine a Little Love" in 1979 on Radio & Records.
ELO collected 19 CRIA, 21 RIAA and 38 BPI awards, and sold over 50 million records worldwide during the group's original 13-year period of active recording and touring.
- ^ Hardy, Phil (1995). The Da Capo Companion to 20th-century Popular Music. Da Capo Press. p. 287. ISBN 978-0-306-80640-7.
- ^ Ankeny, Jason. "Electric Light Orchestra". AllMusic.
- ^ Breithaupt, Don; Breithaupt, Jeff (2000), Night Moves: Pop Music in the Late '70s, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 978-0-312-19821-3
- ^ Ray, Michael, ed. (2012). "Classical Influences: Art Rock and Progressive Rock". Disco, Punk, New Wave, Heavy Metal, and More: Music in the 1970s and 1980s. Britannica Educational Publishing. p. 105. ISBN 978-1-61530-912-2.
- ^ Rob Michel. "Electric Light Orchestra: Eldorado". Dutch Progressive Rock Page. Retrieved 27 July 2007.
- ^ Casey Kasem's American Top 40 from 15 March 1986
- ^ Robert Porter. "Electric Light Orchestra – The USA Singles". Jeff Lynne Song Database. Retrieved 27 July 2007.
- ^ ELO
- ^ Charts!
- ^ "RIAA". RIAA. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
- ^ "Home". Bpi.co.uk. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
- ^ "Electric Light Orchestra - Band History". Elo.biz. Retrieved 2 October 2011.