Fryderyk Chopin

~ Person


Frédéric François Chopin (/ˈʃoʊpæn/; French pronunciation: ​[fʁʁik ʃɔ.pɛ̃]; 22 February or 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Romantic-era Polish composer. A child prodigy, Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw. He grew up in Warsaw, which after 1815 became part of Congress Poland, and there completed his musical education and composed many of his works before leaving Poland, aged 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At the age of 21 he settled in Paris (obtaining French citizenship in 1835). During the remaining 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon; he supported himself by selling his compositions and as a sought-after piano teacher, and gained renown as a leading virtuoso of his generation. He formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. After a failed engagement with a Polish girl, from 1837 to 1847 he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit with Sand to Majorca in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health; he died in Paris in 1849, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano; most are for solo piano, although he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style, which is highly individual, is often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of instrumental ballade; his major piano works also include sonatas, mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, and preludes, some published only after his death. Many contain elements of both Polish folk music and of the classical tradition of J.S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, whom he particularly admired. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

Both in his native Poland and beyond, Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest 'superstars', his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his amours and his early death have made him, in the public consciousness, a leading symbol of the Romantic era. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.

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Year Title Artist Rating Releases
Frédéric Chopin Fantasie - Impromptu Frédéric Chopin 5 1
Große Chopin Interpreten Frédéric Chopin 1
Guiomar Novaes Plays Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
Hélène Grimaud plays Rachmaninoff, Chopin, Liszt, Schumann, Brahms, Ravel Rachmaninoff, Chopin, Liszt, Schumann, Brahms, Ravel; Hélène Grimaud 1
Heroic Polonaise / Fantasie Impromptu Frédéric Chopin; Danielle Dechenne 1
Klavierwerke Frédéric Chopin 1
Lieder op.74 Frédéric Chopin 1
Nocturnes Chopin; Claudio Arrau 1
Nocturnes Fryderyk Chopin; Ida Černecká, Dieter Goldmann 1
Nocturnes Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
Nocturnus Nos. 1-10 / 4 Impromptus Frédéric Chopin 1
Œuvres pour piano (feat. piano: Georges Cziffra) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Concerto No. 1 in E Minor (Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment feat. Emanuel Ax) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Concerto No. 1 in E Minor (Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra feat. piano: Ida Černeckǎ, conductor: Libor Pešek) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Concerto No. 2 (London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Sir Neville Marriner & piano: Bella Davidovich) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Concerto no. 2; Fantasia on Polish Airs; Andante Spianato & Grannd Polonaise (feat. piano: Arthur Rubinstein) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 (Budapest Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Gyula Németh, piano: Istvan Székely) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Concertos nos. 1 & 2 (Torino Philharmony Orchestra feat. conductor: Julian Kovatchev, piano: Anna Malikova) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Music Frédéric Chopin; Cécile Licad 1
Piano Sonatas 2 & 3 / Scherzi / Ballades (feat. piano: Cécile Ousset) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Sonatas Nos. 2 & 3 (feat. piano: Maurizio Pollini) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Works Frédéric Chopin; Tamás Vásáry 1
Piano Works Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
Piano Works (piano: Rudolf Buchbinder) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Works Selection (feat. piano: Ida Cernecká) Frédéric Chopin 5 1
Polonaises (feat. piano: Shura Cherkassky) Frédéric Chopin 1
Scherzi & Impromptus Fryderyk Chopin & 李雲迪 1
Scherzos & Ballades (Valerie Tryon) Frédéric Chopin 1
Schliessmann · Chopin Chopin; Burkard Schliessmann 5 1
Sonata, Etudes & Polonaise (feat. Piano: Vitalij Margulis) Frédéric Chopin 1
Sonatas nos. 2, op. 35 "Funeral" & 3, op. 58 Frédéric Chopin; Van Cliburn 0
Sonate no. 2 "Marche funèbre" / Sonate no. 3 / Polonaise "Héroïque" / Polonaise Fantaisie / Impromptus / Ballades / Préludes Chopin; Francois-René Duchâble 1
Sonate op. 35 / Scherzos Chopin; Caroline Sageman 1
Sujeeva Hapugalle: Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
The 21 Nocturnes and the 26 Preludes (feat. piano: Adam Harasiewicz) Frédéric Chopin 1
The Complete Chopin Piano Works, Volume 4: Scherzi & Variations (Garrick Ohlsson) Frédéric Chopin 1
The Complete Nocturnes (feat. piano: Roger Woodward) Frédéric Chopin 1
The Complete Waltzes (Allan Schiller) Frédéric Chopin 1
The Etudes Opus 10 and 25 of Frederick Chopin Fryderyk Chopin 1
The Four Scherzi and other works Chopin; Ivan Moravec 1
The Mazurkas Frédéric Chopin 1
The Other Side of Polonia Records, Volume 1 Frédéric Chopin 1
The Piano Works Frédéric Chopin 1
The Romantic World of Chopin's Piano, vol. 2 (Andrei Ivanovitch, piano) Frédéric Chopin 1
The World of Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
Waltzes Chopin; Claudio Arrau 1
Walzer, ... Frédéric Chopin 1
Wojtek Mrozek Rainbow Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
World Famous Masterpieces Frédéric Chopin 1
Yundi: Live in Beijing Frédéric Chopin 1

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