Fryderyk Chopin

~ Person

Legal name: Frédéric François Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin

Wikipedia

Frédéric François Chopin (/ˈʃpæn/; French pronunciation: ​[fʁe.de.ʁik ʃo.pɛ̃]; 22 February or 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era, who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as one of the leading musicians of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw, and grew up in Warsaw, which after 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed many of his works in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At the age of 21 he settled in Paris. Thereafter, during the last 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and teaching piano, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. In 1835 he obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to a Polish girl, from 1837 to 1847 he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health. He died in Paris in 1849, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano. Most are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style is highly individual and often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of instrumental ballade. His major piano works also include sonatas, mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, and preludes, some published only after his death. Many contain elements of both Polish folk music and of the classical tradition of J. S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, the music of all of whom he admired. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

Both in his native Poland and beyond, Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest superstars, his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his love life and his early death have made him, in the public consciousness, a leading symbol of the Romantic era. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2012 Chopin / Liszt / Ravel Fryderyk Chopin, Franz Liszt, Maurice Ravel; Benjamin Grosvenor 1
2012 Alexis Weissenberg: The Champagne Pianist Mozart, Tchaikovsky, Brahms, Mussorgsky, Rachmaninov, Chopin, Prokofiev, Schumann; Alexis Weissenberg 1
2012 Louis Lortie Plays Chopin, Volume 2 Chopin; Louis Lortie 2
2012 Chopin Recital 2 Chopin; Janina Fialkowska 1
2012 French Cello Sonatas Camille Saint‐Saëns, Léon Boëllmann, Frédéric Chopin; André Navarra, Annie d'Arco, Erika Kilcher 1
2012 24 Préludes / Nocturnes / Mazurkas / Scherzo Fryderyk Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 1
2012 24 Preludia op. 28 / Presto con leggierezza / Impromptus [Erard 1838] Fryderyk Chopin; Akiko Ebi 1
2012 Chopin Frédéric Chopin; Khatia Buniatishvili, Orchestre de Paris, Paavo Järvi 1
2012 Chopin - Les Vingt-Quatre Préludes (Perfomed by pianist Samson François) Fryderyk Chopin 1
2013 Chopin études Fryderyk Chopin; Jan Lisiecki 1
2013 Polonaises Chopin; Rafał Blechacz 1
2013 Piano Concertos, Préludes Fryderyk Chopin 1
2014 Coleção Folha Mestres da música clássica, volume 5: Fryderyk Chopin Fryderyk Chopin 1
2014 Études op. 10 & op. 25 Frédéric Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 1
2014 In the Night Robert Schumann, Ludwig van Beethoven, Fryderyk Chopin, Stephen Hough; Stephen Hough 1
2014 Piano Concertos Frédéric Chopin; Ingrid Fliter, Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Jun Märkl 1
2015 Piano Concerto no. 2 / Ballade no. 4 / Berceuse / Polonaise héroique Chopin; Nelson Freire, Gürzenich Orchester Köln, Lionel Bringuier 2
2015 The Chopin Album Chopin; Sol Gabetta, Bertrand Chamayou 1
4 Ballades / 4 Impromptus Chopin; Makiko Takeda-Herms 1
14 Waltzes Chopin; Stanislav Bunin 1
14 Walzer / Nocturnes op. 32 Frédéric Chopin; Peter Schmalfuss 1
17 Walzer / 4 Mazurken / Polonaise As-dur op. 53 Frédéric Chopin; Tamás Vásáry 2
19 Valses Frédéric Chopin; Bruno Rigutto 1
20 Mazurkas Frédéric Chopin; Jan Ekier 1
Abbey Simon Plays Chopin, Volume 1 Frédéric Chopin 1
Alfred Cortot plays Chopin Etudes, Preludes & Ballades Fryderyk Chopin; Alfred Cortot 1
Artur Rubinstein Plays Chopin Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
Balladen · Scherzo · Bulva · Sitzius · Lilamand Frédéric Chopin 1
Ballades / Impromptus / Mazurkas Chopin; Pieter van Winkel 1
Ballades of Grieg and Chopin Grieg, Chopin; Michael Kim 1
Cello Sonatas Chopin, Franck 1
Cello Sonatas Chopin, Rachmaninov; Alexander Kniazev, Nikolai Lugansky 1
Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
Chopin - a Celebration Fryderyk Chopin 1
Chopin : Piano Concerto No.1 / Glazunov : Choponiana Chopin / Glazunov 1
Chopin Sämtliche Walzer (Sondra Bianca) Fryderyk Chopin 1
Chopin The Complete Preludes Fryderyk Chopin 1
Chopin: 14 Waltzes, Impromptus, Bolero Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
Chopin: Concerto No.1 / Rachmaninoff: Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Chopin, Rachmaninoff; Van Cliburn 1
Classic Masters: Peças populares para orquestra Camille Saint‐Saëns, Pablo de Sarasate, Charles-François Gounod, Fryderyk Chopin, Georges Bizet; Orquestra Sinfônica da Rádio do Sudoeste de Baden-Baden, Klaus Arp 1
Classical Masterpieces Frédéric Chopin 1
Classical Treasures: Chopin Piano Favorites Frédéric Chopin 1
Complete Nocturnes and Impromptus Chopin; Peter Katin 1
Concerto for Piano Nº 1 & Andante Spianato Op. 22 Frédéric Chopin 1
Douze Mazourkes Frédéric Chopin / Pauline Viardot; Amarilli Nizza, Enrica Ciccarelli 1
Etudes Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
Etudes Chopin; Wilhelm Backhaus 1
Études Frédéric Chopin; Nikolai Lugansky 1
Études Op. 10 & Op. 25 / Trois Nouvelles Études Chopin; Claudio Arrau 1
Études opp. 10 & 25 Frédéric Chopin; Andrei Gavrilov 1

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