Fryderyk Chopin

~ Person

Legal name: Frédéric François Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin


Frédéric François Chopin (/ˈʃpæn/; French pronunciation: ​[fʁʁik fʁɑ̃.swa ʃɔ.pɛ̃]; 22 February or 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and a virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era, who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as one of the leading musicians of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw, and grew up in Warsaw, which after 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed his earlier works in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At the age of 21 he settled in Paris. Thereafter, during the last 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and teaching piano, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. In 1835 he obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to Maria Wodzińska, from 1837 to 1847 he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health. He died in Paris in 1849, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano. Most are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style is highly individual and often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of instrumental ballade. His major piano works also include mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, preludes and sonatas, some published only after his death. Influences on his compositional style include Polish folk music, the classical tradition of J. S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, the music of all of whom he admired, as well as the Paris salons where he was a frequent guest. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

In his native Poland, in France, where he composed most of his works, and beyond, Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest superstars, his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his love life and his early death have made him, in the public consciousness, a leading symbol of the Romantic era. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2009 Chopin Chopin; Lang Lang 1
2009 Mazurkas Chopin; Evgeni Koroliov 1
2009 Piano Concertos 1 & 2 Chopin; Sinfonia Varsovia, Jan Lisiecki, Howard Shelley 1
2009 Richter plays Chopin Fryderyk Chopin; Святослав Теофилович Рихтер 1
2010 Chopin: Complete Waltzes (feat. piano: Alice Sara Ott) Frédéric Chopin 1
2010 Le journal musical de Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
2010 2 Scherza / Nokturny / Mazurki / Polonez es-moll op. 26 nr 2 Chopin; Dina Yoffe 1
2010 Recital Mozart, Chopin, Beethoven, Prokofiev, Liszt; Van Cliburn 1
2010 Cello Sonata / Piano Trio / Grand Duo Chopin; Andreas Brantelid, Marianna Shirinyan, Vilde Frang 1
2010 De l'enfance à la plénitude Frédéric Chopin; Anne Queffélec 1
2010 Nocturnes Frédéric Chopin; François Chaplin 1
2010 BBC Music, Volume 18, Number 6: Piano Masterpieces, including Sonata No. 2 Frédéric Chopin, Александр Константинович Глазунов, Игорь Фёдорович Стравинский; Martin Roscoe , BBC Philharmonic, Василий Серафимович Синайский 1
2010 The Nocturnes Chopin; Nelson Freire 1
2010 Chopin Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 1
2010 Chopin: Ballades, Concerto pour piano n°2 Frédéric Chopin; Lise de la Salle, Staatskapelle Dresden, Fabio Luisi 2
2010 Œuvres pour piano et violoncelle Chopin; Ophélie Gaillard, Edna Stern 1
2010 Chopin: Nocturnes Chopin; Yundi Li 1
2010 Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 / Waltzes (piano: Marek Drewnowski) Frédéric Chopin 1
2010 Chopin / Schumann Anniversary Edition 2010 Chopin / Schumann; Burkard Schliessmann 5 1
2010 The Complete Chamber Works (violin: Bartłomiej Nizioł, cello: Jan Kalinowski, piano: Marek Szlezer) Frédéric Chopin 1
2010 Piano Concerto no. 1 / Fantasia on Polish Airs / Krakowiak Chopin; Eldar Nebolsin, Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Antoni Wit 3
2010 Piano Concerto no. 2 / Variations on "Là ci darem la mano" / Andante spianato and Grande Polonaise brillante Fryderyk Chopin; Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Antoni Wit, Eldar Nebolsin 3
2010 Piano Concertos Frédéric Chopin; Vancouver Symphony Orchestra, Bramwell Tovey, Janina Fialkowska 1
2010 Concerto pour piano et orchestre No. 1, Op. 11 / Mazurkas (feat. piano: Samson François) Frédéric Chopin 1
2010 Concerto pour piano No. 2, Op. 21 / Polonaises Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
2010 Les 24 études, Impromptu No.1 et autres oeuvres Frédéric Chopin 1
2010 Raindrops Frédéric Chopin 1
2011 Sonata / Etudes / Polonaise Frédéric Chopin; Vitalij Margulis 1
2011 Cello Sonata & Trio for piano, violin and Cello Fryderyk Chopin; Olivier Charlier, Abdel Rahman El Bacha, Antoine Pierlot 1
2011 Valses - Impromptus Fryderyk Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
2011 Chopin Recital Chopin; Ingolf Wunder 2
2011 The Complete Waltzes Chopin; Stephen Hough 1
2011 Cello Sonatas Fryderyk Chopin, Felix Mendelssohn; Pieter Wispelwey, Paolo Giacometti 2
2011 Trilogie Chopin, Debussy, Ravel; Samson François 1
2011 Chopin Preludes, op. 28 / Piano Trio, op. 70 no. 1 "Ghost" Fryderyk Chopin, Ludwig van Beethoven, Hoang Pham, Melbourne Piano Trio 1
2012 Chopin / Liszt / Ravel Fryderyk Chopin, Franz Liszt, Maurice Ravel; Benjamin Grosvenor 1
2012 Alexis Weissenberg: The Champagne Pianist Mozart, Tchaikovsky, Brahms, Mussorgsky, Rachmaninov, Chopin, Prokofiev, Schumann; Alexis Weissenberg 1
2012 Louis Lortie Plays Chopin, Volume 2 Chopin; Louis Lortie 2
2012 Chopin Recital 2 Chopin; Janina Fialkowska 1
2012 The Complete Preludes Chopin; Vanessa Perez 1
2012 4 Ballady / Nokturny. op. 48 / Scherzo b-moll, op. 31 Fryderyk Chopin; Wojciech Świtała 1
2012 French Cello Sonatas Camille Saint‐Saëns, Léon Boëllmann, Frédéric Chopin; André Navarra, Annie d'Arco, Erika Kilcher 1
2012 Chopin: 26 préludes / Scriabine: Sonate n° 2, op. 19 Chopin, Scriabine; Beatrice Rana 1
2012 24 Préludes / Nocturnes / Mazurkas / Scherzo Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 1
2012 The Chopin Album Frédéric Chopin; Lang Lang 1
2012 24 Preludia op. 28 / Presto con leggierezza / Impromptus [Erard 1838] Fryderyk Chopin; Akiko Ebi 1
2012 Chopin Frédéric Chopin; Khatia Buniatishvili, Orchestre de Paris, Paavo Järvi 1
2012 Chopin - Les Vingt-Quatre Préludes (Perfomed by pianist Samson François) Fryderyk Chopin 1
2012 Frédéric Chopin: Recital Frédéric Chopin; Petar Milić 1
2013 Chopin études Fryderyk Chopin; Jan Lisiecki 1

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