Fryderyk Chopin

~ Person

Legal name: Frédéric François Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin


Frédéric François Chopin (/ˈʃoʊpæn/; French pronunciation: ​[fʁʁik ʃo.pɛ̃]; 22 February or 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era, who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as one of the leading musicians of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw, and grew up in Warsaw, which after 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed many of his works in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At the age of 21 he settled in Paris. Thereafter, during the last 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and teaching piano, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. In 1835 he obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to a Polish girl, from 1837 to 1847 he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health. He died in Paris in 1849, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano. Most are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style is highly individual and often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of instrumental ballade. His major piano works also include sonatas, mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, and preludes, some published only after his death. Many contain elements of both Polish folk music and of the classical tradition of J. S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, the music of all of whom he admired. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

Both in his native Poland and beyond, Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest superstars, his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his love life and his early death have made him, in the public consciousness, a leading symbol of the Romantic era. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
17 Walzer / 4 Mazurken / Polonaise As-dur op. 53 Frédéric Chopin; Tamás Vásáry 2
19 Valses Frédéric Chopin; Bruno Rigutto 1
20 Mazurkas Frédéric Chopin; Jan Ekier 1
Abbey Simon Plays Chopin, Volume 1 Frédéric Chopin 1
Alfred Cortot plays Chopin Etudes, Preludes & Ballades Fryderyk Chopin; Alfred Cortot 1
Artur Rubinstein Plays Chopin Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
Balladen · Scherzo · Bulva · Sitzius · Lilamand Frédéric Chopin 1
Ballades / Impromptus / Mazurkas Chopin; Pieter van Winkel 1
Ballades of Grieg and Chopin Grieg, Chopin; Michael Kim 1
Cello Sonatas Chopin, Rachmaninov; Alexander Kniazev, Nikolai Lugansky 1
Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
Chopin - a Celebration Fryderyk Chopin 1
Chopin : Piano Concerto No.1 / Glazunov : Choponiana Chopin / Glazunov 1
Chopin Sämtliche Walzer (Sondra Bianca) Fryderyk Chopin 1
Chopin The Complete Preludes Fryderyk Chopin 1
Chopin: 14 Waltzes, Impromptus, Bolero Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
Chopin: Concerto No.1 / Rachmaninoff: Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Chopin, Rachmaninoff; Van Cliburn 1
Classic Masters: Peças populares para orquestra Camille Saint‐Saëns, Pablo de Sarasate, Charles-François Gounod, Fryderyk Chopin, Georges Bizet; Orquestra Sinfônica da Rádio do Sudoeste de Baden-Baden, Klaus Arp 1
Classical Masterpieces Frédéric Chopin 1
Classical Masterpieces of the Millennium Fryderyk Chopin 1
Classical Treasures: Chopin Piano Favorites Frédéric Chopin 1
Complete Nocturnes and Impromptus Chopin; Peter Katin 1
Concerto for Piano Nº 1 & Andante Spianato Op. 22 Frédéric Chopin 1
Etudes Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
Etudes Chopin; Wilhelm Backhaus 1
Études Frédéric Chopin; Nikolai Lugansky 1
Études Op. 10 & Op. 25 / Trois Nouvelles Études Chopin; Claudio Arrau 1
Études opp. 10 & 25 Frédéric Chopin; Andrei Gavrilov 1
Fantasie / Polonaise-fantasie / Berceuse / Barcarolle Chopin; Fou Ts'ong 1
Favorite Chopin: Nocturnes, Waltzes, Mazurkas Chopin; Theresa Vogel 1
Favourite Chopin Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
Four Ballades / Berceuse / Barcarolle / Scherzo no. 4 Chopin; Evgeny Kissin 1
Frederic Chopin - The Complete Etudes Frédéric Chopin 1
Frédéric Chopin Fantasie - Impromptu Frédéric Chopin 5 1
Große Chopin Interpreten Frédéric Chopin 1
Guiomar Novaes Plays Chopin Chopin; Guiomar Novaes 1
Heroic Polonaise / Fantasie Impromptu Frédéric Chopin; Danielle Dechenne 1
Klavierwerke Frédéric Chopin 1
Lieder op.74 Frédéric Chopin 1
Nocturnes Chopin; Claudio Arrau 1
Nocturnes Fryderyk Chopin; Ida Černecká, Dieter Goldmann 1
Nocturnes Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
Nocturnus Nos. 1-10 / 4 Impromptus Frédéric Chopin 1
Œuvres pour piano Frédéric Chopin; Georges Cziffra 1
Piano Concerto No. 1 in E Minor (Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment feat. Emanuel Ax) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Concerto No. 1 in E Minor (Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra feat. piano: Ida Černeckǎ, conductor: Libor Pešek) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Concerto no. 2; Fantasia on Polish Airs; Andante Spianato & Grannd Polonaise (feat. piano: Arthur Rubinstein) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 (Budapest Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Gyula Németh, piano: Istvan Székely) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Concertos nos. 1 & 2 (Torino Philharmony Orchestra feat. conductor: Julian Kovatchev, piano: Anna Malikova) Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Concertos, Volume 11 Chopin; Piotr Paleczny 1

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