Fryderyk Chopin

~ Person

Legal name: Frédéric François Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin

Wikipedia

Frédéric François Chopin (/ˈʃpæn/; French: [fʁedeʁik fʁɑ̃swa ʃɔpɛ̃]; 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as a leading musician of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw and grew up in Warsaw, which in 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed his earlier works in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At 21 he settled in Paris. Thereafter, during the last 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and teaching piano, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. In 1835 he obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to Maria Wodzińska, from 1837 to 1847 he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health. He died in Paris in 1849, at the age of 39, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano. Most are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style is highly individual and often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of instrumental ballade. His major piano works also include mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, preludes and sonatas, some published only after his death. Influences on his compositional style include Polish folk music, the classical tradition of J. S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, the music of all of whom he admired, as well as the Paris salons where he was a frequent guest. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest superstars, his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his love life and his early death have made him a leading symbol of the Romantic era in the public consciousness. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1998 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 20: Alfred Cortot I Alfred Cortot 1
1998 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 75: Murray Perahia Murray Perahia 1
1998 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 82: Sviatoslav Richter I Святослав Теофилович Рихтер 1
1998 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 100: Krystian Zimerman Krystian Zimerman 1
1998 Great Pianists of the 20th Century: Sampler Various Artists 1
1998 High Fidelity Reference CD No. 35 Various Artists 1
1998 In Classical Mood: A Night at the Ballet Various Artists 1
1998 In Classical Mood: March Time Various Artists 1
1998 In Classical Mood: Morning Mists Various Artists 1
1998 In Classical Mood: Party Time Various Artists 1
1998 In Classical Mood: Piano Favourites Various Artists 1
1998 In Classical Mood: Tender Moments Various Artists 1
1998 In Classical Mood: Winter Landscapes Various Artists 2
1998 In the Wee Hours Various Artists 1
1998 Kuschelklassik 3 Various Artists 1
1998 Musique au volant: Conduite en embouteillage Various Artists 1
1998 Nocturne: Music for Dreaming Various Artists 2
1998 Pianofortissimo Various Artists 1
1998 Romantic Classics Various Artists 1
1998 The Bicentennial Collection: Celebrating the 200th Anniversary of “The President’s Own” United States Marine Band “The President’s Own” United States Marine Band 2
1998 The Famous Marches Various Artists 1
1998 The Most Beautiful Melodies of Classical Music - A Little Night Music Various Artists 1
1998 The Most Beautiful Melodies of Classical Music - Blue Danube Various Artists 1
1998 The Most Beautiful Melodies of Classical Music - Winter Dreams Various Artists 1
1998 The Times: Great Composers Collection: Selected Works by Ten Classical Masters Various Artists 1
1998 Timeless Piano Favorites: Great Piano Masterpieces Various Artists 1
1998 Träumerei Various Artists 1
1998 Twilight: Sleep Well Various Artists 1
1998 William Kapell Edition, Volume 8: Frick Collection Recital: Copland, Chopin, Mussorgsky (piano: William Kapell) Various Artists 1
1999 The Norton Recordings, 8th Edition, Shorter Version Various Artists 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 71: Ivan Moravec Ivan Moravec 5 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 48: Vladimir Horowitz II Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1999 UltraSound: Music for the Unborn Child Various Artists 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 28: Samson François Samson François 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 61: Stephen Kovacevich II Stephen Kovacevich 1
1999 100 Relaxing Classics Various Artists 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 86: Artur Rubinstein II Arthur Rubinstein 1
1999 The Art of Ashkenazy Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 3: Martha Argerich II Martha Argerich 1
1999 Classical Treasures: Great Classical Masters Various Artists 1
1999 Classical Treasures: The Sampler Various Artists 1
1999 Classics for Relaxation Various Artists 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 14: Alfred Brendel III Alfred Brendel 1
1999 The Arthur Rubinstein Collection: Highlights Arthur Rubinstein 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 79: Maurizio Pollini II Maurizio Pollini 1
1999 Dreams of Classics, Volume 1 Various Artists 1
1999 Dreams of Classics, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
1999 Wunderbare Welt der Klassik Various Artists 5 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 49: Vladimir Horowitz III Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1999 Piano les plus belles mélodies Various Artists 1
1999 Klassiskt A-Ö Various Artists 1
1999 100 Piano Masterpieces Various Artists 1
1999 2000 ans de Musique Various Artists 1
1999 Alkan: Piano Music / Liszt: Héxameron Alkan, Liszt; Raymond Lewenthal 1
1999 Best of the Millennium: Top 40 Classical Hits Various Artists 1
1999 Classical Masterpieces of the Millennium Various Artists 1
1999 Classics for the Heart Various Artists 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 1: Géza Anda Géza Anda 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 6: Claudio Arrau III Claudio Arrau 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 7: Vladimir Ashkenazy Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 31: Andrei Gavrilov Andrei Gavrilov 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 36: Emil Gilels III Emil Gilels 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 53: Julius Katchen I Julius Katchen 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 64: Josef & Rosina Lhévinne Rosina Bessie Lhévinne, Joseph Arkadievich Lhévinne 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 69: Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli II Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli 1
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 76: Maria João Pires Maria João Pires 1
1999 Harmony : Le Chant des rêves Various Artists 1
1999 High Fidelity Reference CD No. 39 Various Artists 1
1999 Klassik am Kamin: Musik für gemütliche Stunden Various Artists 1
1999 Kuschelklassik 4 Various Artists 1
1999 Le Classique à l'écran : Policier Various Artists 1
1999 Mattinata Various Artists 1
1999 Nocturne Various Artists 1
1999 Terra musica Various Artists 1
1999 The Best of Classical Piano Favorites Various Artists 1
1999 The Best of Romantic Piano Various Artists 4 1
1999 The Essential Classics Collection Various Artists 1
1999 The Indispensable Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1999 The Millennium Classics Various Artists 1
1999 The Millennium Classics - VI Various Artists 1
1999 The Polish Heart Various Artists 1
1999 The Seven Wonders Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli 1
1999 The World of Ballet Various Artists 1
1999 The World of Music, Fourth Edition Various Artists 1
1999 Wie man mit Jazz die Herzen der Frauen gewinnt Joseph von Westphalen 1
2000 Classic Dreams Various Artists 1
2000 西洋乐器欣赏入门系列之钢琴 Various Artists 1
2000 Candlelight Classics (St. Clair Entertainment Group release) Various Artists 1
2000 Evening Classics Various Artists 1
2000 Gentle Classics Various Artists 1
2000 Lovers' Classics Various Artists 1
2000 Midnight Classics Various Artists 2
2000 Relaxing Classics (St. Clair Entertainment Group release) Various Artists 1
2000 Starlight Classics Various Artists 2
2000 Tranquil Classics Various Artists 2
2000 The Classics at the Movies: Divas Various Artists 1
2000 Piano for Relaxation Various Artists 1
2000 25 Thunderous Classics Various Artists 1
2000 Super Best 福田進一 1
2000 The Rubinstein Collection, Volume 16 Arthur Rubinstein 1

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