Fryderyk Chopin

~ Person

Legal name: Frédéric François Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin

Wikipedia

Frédéric François Chopin (/ˈʃoʊpæn/; French pronunciation: ​[fʁe.de.ʁik ʃɔ.pɛ̃]; 22 February or 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era, who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as one of the leading musicians of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw, and grew up in Warsaw, which after 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed many of his works in Warsaw before leaving Poland, aged 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At the age of 21 he settled in Paris. Thereafter, during the last 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and teaching piano, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. In 1835 he obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to a Polish girl, from 1837 to 1847 he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health. He died in Paris in 1849, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano. Most are for solo piano, although he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style is highly individual and often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of instrumental ballade. His major piano works also include sonatas, mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, and preludes, some published only after his death. Many contain elements of both Polish folk music and of the classical tradition of J.S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, all of whom he particularly admired. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

Both in his native Poland and beyond, Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest "superstars", his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his love life and his early death have made him, in the public consciousness, a leading symbol of the Romantic era. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.

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Discography

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Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1988 Stradivari Sampler, Volume 2 Compilation Various Artists 1
1988 The Most Beautiful Melodies of Classical Music - The Four Seasons Compilation Various Artists 1
1988 The World of Digital Classics, Sampler 2 Compilation Various Artists 3
1989 Träumerei Compilation Various Artists 3
1989 100 Greatest Classics Series 3 Compilation Various Artists 1
1989 Classic Rock, Volume 2 Compilation Various Artists 1
1990 Horowitz : The Last Recording Compilation Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1990 Recordings 1930-1951 Compilation Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1990 Les introuvables de Samson François Compilation Samson François 1
1990 Classic CD, Volume 6 Compilation Various Artists 1
1990 Die schönsten Melodien für Millionen Compilation Various Artists 1
1990 Memories: Sixteen Unforgettable Melodies Compilation Various Artists 1
1990 Romantische Klaviermusik (Andor Földes) Compilation Andor Földes 1
1990 The Decca Masters, Volume 1 Compilation Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Debussy, Tchaikovsky, Brahms; Jascha Heifetz 1
1990 The Sampler Digital Concerto Compilation Various Artists 1
1990 Traum Klassik 2: Ein klassisches Hörvergnügen Compilation Various Artists 1
1991 100 Masterpieces Vol. 5: The Top 10 Of Classical Music 1811-1841 Compilation Various Artists 1
1991 Classic CD, Volume 12 Compilation Various Artists 1
1991 Classic CD, Volume 14 Compilation Various Artists 1
1991 YOSHIKI SELECTION Compilation Various Artists 2
1991 100 Masterpieces: The Top 100 Of Classical Music 1685-1928 Compilation Various Artists 2
1991 Claudio Arrau Collection - Highlights Compilation Claudio Arrau 1
1991 Discover the Classics: Heaven and Earth Compilation Various Artists 1
1991 Discover the Classics: Power and Glory Compilation Various Artists 1
1991 Essential Classics - Highlights From the Series Compilation Various Artists 2
1991 Feeling Classic (disc 2 & 3) Compilation Various Artists 2
1991 Jonge Mensen op het Concertpodium Compilation Various Artists 1
1991 La Boutique Fantasque / Les Sylphides (National Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Richard Bonynge) Compilation Various Artists 1
1991 Meditation: Classical Relaxation, Volume 6 Compilation Various Artists 3
1991 Meditation: Classical Relaxation, Volume 9 Compilation Various Artists 2
1991 Rendez-vous With Liszt & Chopin Compilation Various Artists 1
1991 The Classic Experience III Compilation Various Artists 1
1991 The Complete Classical Collection Compilation Various Artists 1
1991 Traumklassik 1 "Ein klassisches Hörvergnügen" Compilation Various Artists 1
1992 The Telarc Collection, Volume 1 Compilation Various Artists 1
1992 The Greatest Classical Collection Compilation Various Artists 1
1992 Kinderszenen Compilation Schumann; Vladimir Horowitz 1
1992 Night Music 11: Classical Favourites for Relaxing and Dreaming Compilation Various Artists 1
1992 The World's Favorite Piano Music Compilation Van Cliburn 1
1992 Complete Recordings Compilation Сергей Васильевич Рахманинов 2
1992 Discovered Treasures (feat. piano: Vladimir Horowitz) Compilation Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1992 Largo Compilation Various Artists 1
1992 Around the World With Philips Classics in 1993 Compilation Various Artists 1
1992 Das Galakonzert Compilation Various Artists 1
1992 Die schönsten Melodien großer Meister Compilation Various Artists 4
1992 Dream ClassiX Compilation Various Artists 1
1992 Forever Young II: The Very Best of Pop and Classic Compilation Various Artists 2
1992 Les 100 chefs d'œuvre de la musique classique, Volume 2 : Musique de détente Compilation Various Artists 1
1992 Les 100 chefs d'œuvre de la musique classique, Volume 3 : Classique de charme Compilation Various Artists 1
1992 Musique au volant - Conduite en embouteillage Compilation Various Artists 1

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