Fryderyk Chopin

~ Person

Legal name: Frédéric François Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin


Frédéric François Chopin (/ˈʃoʊpæn/; French pronunciation: ​[fʁʁik ʃo.pɛ̃]; 22 February or 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era, who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as one of the leading musicians of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw, and grew up in Warsaw, which after 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed many of his works in Warsaw before leaving Poland, aged 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At the age of 21 he settled in Paris. Thereafter, during the last 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and teaching piano, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. In 1835 he obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to a Polish girl, from 1837 to 1847 he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health. He died in Paris in 1849, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano. Most are for solo piano, although he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style is highly individual and often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of instrumental ballade. His major piano works also include sonatas, mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, and preludes, some published only after his death. Many contain elements of both Polish folk music and of the classical tradition of J. S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, the music of all of whom he admired. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

Both in his native Poland and beyond, Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest superstars, his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his love life and his early death have made him, in the public consciousness, a leading symbol of the Romantic era. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.

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Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1983 Classics for Pleasure, Volume 5 Various Artists 1
1983 Nocturne James Galway 1
1984 Les Grands Classiques que vous aimez, Volume 5 Various Artists 1
1985 The Chopin Collection: The Waltzes Arthur Rubinstein 2
1985 Für Elise: Piano Favourites Various Artists 1
1986 The Great Romantic Piano Classics Various Artists 1
1987 Compact Jazz: The Swingle Singers The Swingle Singers 2
1987 Favorite Encores Vladimir Horowitz 1
1987 Horowitz Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1987 Limited Edition Classical Sampler, Volume One Various Artists 1
1988 Best Loved Classics, Volume 5 Various Artists 1
1988 Chopin - Haydn Various Artists 3 1
1988 Famous Waltzes Various Artists 1
1988 Reverie Balint Vazsonyi 1
1988 Short Pieces - Great Composers, Volume 1 & 2 Various Artists 2
1988 Stradivari Sampler, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
1988 The Most Beautiful Melodies of Classical Music - The Four Seasons Various Artists 1
1988 The World of Digital Classics 3 Various Artists 1
1988 The World of Digital Classics, Sampler 2 Various Artists 3
1989 Träumerei Various Artists 3
1989 100 Greatest Classics Series 3 Various Artists 1
1989 Classic Rock, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
1990 Horowitz : The Last Recording Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1990 Recordings 1930-1951 Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1990 Les introuvables de Samson François Samson François 1
1990 Classic CD, Volume 6 Various Artists 1
1990 Die schönsten Melodien für Millionen Various Artists 1
1990 Klassieke Momenten: Zwierige Dansen Various Artists 1
1990 Memories: Sixteen Unforgettable Melodies Various Artists 1
1990 Romantische Klaviermusik (Andor Földes) Andor Földes 1
1990 The Decca Masters, Volume 1 Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Debussy, Tchaikovsky, Brahms; Jascha Heifetz 1
1990 The Sampler Digital Concerto Various Artists 1
1990 Traum Klassik 2: Ein klassisches Hörvergnügen Various Artists 1
1991 100 Masterpieces Vol. 5: The Top 10 Of Classical Music 1811-1841 Various Artists 1
1991 Classic CD, Volume 12 Various Artists 1
1991 Funeral Music Various Artists 1
1991 Classic CD, Volume 14 Various Artists 1
1991 YOSHIKI SELECTION Various Artists 2
1991 100 Masterpieces: The Top 100 Of Classical Music 1685-1928 Various Artists 2
1991 Claudio Arrau Collection - Highlights Claudio Arrau 1
1991 Dinner Classics: Dinner for Two Various Artists 1
1991 Discover the Classics: Heaven and Earth Various Artists 1
1991 Discover the Classics: Power and Glory Various Artists 1
1991 Essential Classics - Highlights From the Series Various Artists 2
1991 Feeling Classic (disc 2 & 3) Various Artists 2
1991 Jonge Mensen op het Concertpodium Various Artists 1
1991 La Boutique Fantasque / Les Sylphides (National Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Richard Bonynge) Various Artists 1
1991 Meditation: Classical Relaxation, Volume 6 Various Artists 3
1991 Meditation: Classical Relaxation, Volume 9 Various Artists 2
1991 Rendez-vous With Liszt & Chopin Various Artists 1

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