Fryderyk Chopin

~ Person

Legal name: Frédéric François Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin

Wikipedia

Frédéric François Chopin (/ˈʃpæn/; French pronunciation: ​[fʁe.de.ʁik ʃo.pɛ̃]; 22 February or 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era, who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as one of the leading musicians of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw, and grew up in Warsaw, which after 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed many of his works in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At the age of 21 he settled in Paris. Thereafter, during the last 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and teaching piano, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. In 1835 he obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to a Polish girl, from 1837 to 1847 he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health. He died in Paris in 1849, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano. Most are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style is highly individual and often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of instrumental ballade. His major piano works also include sonatas, mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, and preludes, some published only after his death. Many contain elements of both Polish folk music and of the classical tradition of J. S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, the music of all of whom he admired. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

Both in his native Poland and beyond, Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest superstars, his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his love life and his early death have made him, in the public consciousness, a leading symbol of the Romantic era. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
The Classical Collection, Volume 1: 50 of the World's Musical Masterpieces Various Artists 1
The Last Recital for Israel Arthur Rubinstein 1
The Most Relaxing Classical Music in the World... Ever Various Artists 1
Träumerei Daniel Barenboim 1
Tschaikowsky Klavierkonzert Nr. 1, Chopin Krakowiak Various Artists 1
Valse brillante Jean-Yves Thibaudet 1
Voyage (feat. clarinet: Emma Johnson) Emma Johnson 1
Welte-Mignon Piano Rolls Various Artists 1
Wendding Songs Various Artists 1
Worlds Favourite Waltzes Vienna Symphony Orchestra, Carl Fleming 1
한국인이 사랑하는 피아노 명곡선 Various Artists 1

Album + Audiobook

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2002 Recital R. M. Rilke Rainer Maria Rilke gesprochen von Vera Oelschlegel und Hans-Peter Minetti 1
2012 The Greatest Hits James Galway 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1964 Magical World of Melody Various Artists 1
1974 The World of Joseph Cooper Joseph Cooper 1
1979 More Rampal's Greatest Hits Jean-Pierre Rampal 1
1979 Träumerei Various Artists 4
1981 L'Art de Brigitte Engerer Brigitte Engerer 1
1983 Classic Klaus Klaus Wunderlich 1
1983 Classics for Pleasure, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
1983 Classics for Pleasure, Volume 5 Various Artists 1
1983 Nocturne James Galway 1
1984 Les Grands Classiques que vous aimez, Volume 5 Various Artists 1
1985 The Chopin Collection: The Waltzes Arthur Rubinstein 2
1985 Für Elise: Piano Favourites Various Artists 1
1986 The Great Romantic Piano Classics Various Artists 1
1987 Compact Jazz: The Swingle Singers The Swingle Singers 2
1987 Favorite Encores Vladimir Horowitz 1
1987 Horowitz Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1987 Limited Edition Classical Sampler, Volume One Various Artists 1
1988 A Bride's Guide to Wedding Music Various Artists 1
1988 Best Loved Classics, Volume 5 Various Artists 1
1988 Famous Waltzes Various Artists 1
1988 Les Plus Grands Moments Classiques Various Artists 1
1988 Reverie Balint Vazsonyi 1
1988 Short Pieces - Great Composers, Volume 1 & 2 Various Artists 1
1988 Stradivari Sampler, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
1988 The Most Beautiful Melodies of Classical Music - The Four Seasons Various Artists 1
1988 The World of Digital Classics 3 Various Artists 1
1988 The World of Digital Classics, Sampler 2 Various Artists 3
1989 100 Greatest Classics Series 3 Various Artists 1
1989 Classic Rock, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
1990 The Last Recording Horowitz 1
1990 Recordings 1930-1951 Vladimir Horowitz 1
1990 Les introuvables de Samson François Samson François 1
1990 Classic CD, Volume 6 Various Artists 1
1990 Die schönsten Melodien für Millionen Various Artists 1
1990 Klassieke Momenten: Zwierige Dansen Various Artists 1
1990 Memories: Sixteen Unforgettable Melodies Various Artists 1
1990 Romantische Klaviermusik (Andor Földes) Andor Földes 1

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