Fryderyk Chopin

~ Person


Frédéric François Chopin (/ˈʃoʊpæn/; French pronunciation: ​[fʁʁik ʃɔ.pɛ̃]; 22 February or 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Romantic-era Polish composer. A child prodigy, Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw. He grew up in Warsaw, which after 1815 became part of Congress Poland, and there completed his musical education and composed many of his works before leaving Poland, aged 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At the age of 21 he settled in Paris (obtaining French citizenship in 1835). During the remaining 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon; he supported himself by selling his compositions and as a sought-after piano teacher, and gained renown as a leading virtuoso of his generation. He formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. After a failed engagement with a Polish girl, from 1837 to 1847 he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit with Sand to Majorca in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health; he died in Paris in 1849, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano; most are for solo piano, although he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style, which is highly individual, is often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of instrumental ballade; his major piano works also include sonatas, mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, and preludes, some published only after his death. Many contain elements of both Polish folk music and of the classical tradition of J.S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, whom he particularly admired. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

Both in his native Poland and beyond, Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest 'superstars', his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his amours and his early death have made him, in the public consciousness, a leading symbol of the Romantic era. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.

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Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1965 Bach: Concerto in D minor / Chopin: Concerto No. 2 in F minor Johann Sebastian Bach, Frédéric Chopin; London Symphony Orchestra, David Zinman, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1967 Frédéric Chopin · Martha Argerich Frédéric Chopin; Martha Argerich 1
1968 Chopin: Piano Concerto No. 1 / Liszt: Piano Concerto No. 1 Frédéric Chopin, Franz Liszt; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado, Martha Argerich 3
1972 10 Mazurkas / Prélude, op. 45 / Ballade, op. 23 / Scherzo, op. 31 Frédéric Chopin; Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli 2
1972 Die Klavierkonzerte Nr. 1&2 und 11 Mazurkas (Adam Harasiewicz) Fryderyk Chopin 1
1975 Nocturnes Nos. 1-11 (feat. piano: Nikita Magaloff) Frédéric Chopin 2
1975 Polonesas Fryderyk Chopin 1
1975 Sonate b-Moll / Scherzo b-Moll / Andante Spianato et Grande Polonaise Frédéric Chopin; Martha Argerich 3
1976 Konzert für Klavier und Orchester Nr. 1 op. 11 e-Moll Frédéric Chopin; Ernst Gröschel, Münchner Symphoniker, Alexander von Pitamic 1
1977 24 Préludes, op. 28 Frédéric Chopin; Martha Argerich 3
1977 Mazurkas, Piano Sonatas 2 & 3 Frédéric Chopin 2
1978 2 concertos pour piano Chopin; Armin Jordan, Maria João Pires 1
1978 Klavírní koncerty (Polský Národní Rozhlasový Symfonický Orchestr feat. conductor: Jerzy Maksymiuk, piano: Garrick Ohlsson) Frédéric Chopin 1
1978 The Nocturnes Chopin; Claudio Arrau 4
1981 Etudes Op. 10 & Op. 25 (feat. piano Francois-René Duchâble) Frédéric Chopin 1
1982 Nocturnes Frédéric Chopin; Daniel Barenboim 5
1982 Nocturnes Chopin; Daniel Barenboim 2
1982 Nocturnes (feat. piano: Daniel Barenboim) Frédéric Chopin 1
1982 Nocturnes: Selection Chopin; Daniel Barenboim 2
1982 The 19 Waltzes Frédéric Chopin; Zoltán Kocsis 1
1983 Malcolm Frager Plays Chopin Frédéric Chopin; Malcolm Frager 2
1983 Klavierkonzert No. 2 / Polonaise Op. 44 (Chicago Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Claudio Abbado, piano: Ivo Pogorelich) Frédéric Chopin 1
1984 4 BALLADES (François-René Duchable) Frédéric Chopin 1
1984 Etudes Op. 10 & Op. 25 Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1984 John Bingham Plays Chopin: Sonata No.2 (Funeral March), Andante Spianato & Grande Polonaise, 2 Études, Db Nocturne Frédéric Chopin 1
1984 Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 (The Philadelphia Orchestra feat. conductor: Eugene Ormandy, piano: Emanuel Ax) Frédéric Chopin 1
1984 The Chopin Collection: The Nocturnes Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 2
1985 Préludes Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 5 2
1985 Polonaises Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 1
1985 Chopin Recital Frédéric Chopin; Ivo Pogorelich 1
1985 Impromptus / Fantaisie Op. 49 / Barcarolle / Berceuse (Murray Perahia) Frédéric Chopin 1
1985 The Chopin Collection: 7 Polonaises (also as disc 6 of 11-CD boxset) Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 2
1985 The Four Ballades / Sonata no. 2 in B-flat minor Chopin; Emanuel Ax 1
1985 Valery Sigalevitch spielt Chopin Fryderyk Chopin 1
1986 The Chopin Collection: The Sonatas / Fantaisie in F minor (also as disc 7 of whole set) Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 2
1986 John Ogdon Plays Chopin (piano: John Ogdon) Frédéric Chopin 1
1986 Polonaises Frédéric Chopin; Samson François 2
1986 The Chopin Collection: Concertos (also as disc 8 of whole set) Fryderyk Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
1986 The Chopin Collection: Impromptus / Barcarolle / Nouvelles Etudes / Bolero / Berceuse / Tarentelle / Andante Spianato and Grande Polonaise Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 2
1986 The Complete Études Frédéric Chopin; Louis Lortie 1
1986 Waltzes Nos. 1-14 / Barcarolle Op. 60 / Nocturne Op. 27 No. 2 / Mazurka Op. 50 No. 3 (feat. piano: Dinu Lipatti) Frédéric Chopin 2
1987 Klaviersonaten Nos. 2 & 3 / Scherzo No. 3 (feat. piano: Martha Argerich) Frédéric Chopin 1
1987 Chopin - The Complete Waltzes (feat. piano: Arthur Moreira Lima) Frédéric Chopin 1
1987 Nocturnes et Préludes Chopin; Samson François 3
1988 4 Balladen / Barcarolle / Fantasie Chopin; Krystian Zimerman 1
1988 Chopin 26 Préludes - 4 Impromptus (feat. Nikita Magaloff, piano) Frédéric Chopin 1
1988 Chopin: 14 Valses, 4 Impromptus, 4 Ballades, 4 Scherzos Frédéric Chopin; Samson François 3
1988 Chopin: Piano Concerto No. 1 / Liszt: Piano Concerto No. 1 Chopin, Liszt 1
1988 Frédéric Chopin - Walzer (feat. piano: Peter Schmalfuss) Frédéric Chopin 1
1988 Nocturnes / Impromptus / Fantasie in F (feat. piano: Dubravka Tomšič) Frédéric Chopin 1

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