Part of Filharmonia Narodowa (Warsaw Philharmonic or National Philharmonic).

Annotation last modified on 2015-01-09 02:12 UTC.


The Warsaw National Philharmonic Orchestra (Polish: Orkiestra Filharmonii Narodowej w Warszawie) is a Polish orchestra based in Warsaw. Founded in 1901, it is one of Poland's oldest musical institutions. The orchestra was conceived on initiative of an assembly of Polish aristocrats and financiers, as well as musicians. Between 1901 and the outbreak of World War II in 1939, several virtuoso- and conductor-composers regularly performed their works with the orchestra, including Edvard Grieg, Arthur Honegger, Leoncavallo, Prokofiev, Rachmaninoff, Maurice Ravel, Camille Saint-Saëns, Richard Strauss, and Igor Stravinsky. Among the other luminaries who played with the Philharmonic were pianists Ignacy Jan Paderewski and Arthur Rubinstein, violinists Jascha Heifetz and Pablo de Sarasate, and cellist Pablo Casals. The Philharmonic has played host to the Chopin International Piano Competition since the contest began in 1927, and also appeared at the inaugural Wieniawski International Violin Competition (1935) and Universal Festival of Polish Art (1937).

The orchestra underwent an eclipse during the Second World War, during which it lost half its members to the war, as well as its elegant building, which had been erected and modeled after the Paris Opera around the start of the 20th century by Karol Kozłowski. In 1947, the orchestra resumed its regular season, but had to wait until 1955 for its home to be finally rebuilt, albeit in a new style. When the building was dedicated on 21 February, the Philharmonic was proclaimed the National Orchestra of Poland.

The conductor Witold Rowicki was responsible for helping modernize the ensemble and ensuring the orchestra cultivated Polish music both old and recent, as represented by the works of Frédéric Chopin, Henryk Górecki, and Witold Lutosławski, without failing also to refine its mastery of the world repertoire. At home, the orchestra performs in the Warsaw Autumn International Festival of Contemporary Music besides accompanying the final rounds of the Chopin International Piano Competitions, while abroad it has toured the five continents to critical acclaim.

The Philharmonic has recorded music for several anime series. Notable shows include Gankutsuou: The Count of Monte Cristo, Cowboy Bebop, Soukyuu no Fafner, Giant Robo: The Animation, Ah! My Goddess: The Movie, Princess Nine, Vision of Escaflowne, Wolf's Rain, Hellsing Ultimate, Genesis of Aquarion, and more recently, Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood. It has also recorded music for Namco's Ace Combat 5: The Unsung War, and together with the Hollywood Session Orchestra, for the SEGA action-RPG Phantasy Star Universe. The orchestra was involved in a major performance for the film Avalon, composed by Kenji Kawai, and part of a performance is shown in the film. Most recently, they have recorded music for the Square Enix role-playing video game Final Fantasy XIII.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1977 Symphony No. 4 Op. 90 "Italian" / Overture Op. 101 "Trumpet Overture" Mendelssohn; Warsaw National Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra, Witold Rowicki 1
1977 Violin Concerto Khatchaturian; Wanda Wilkomirska, Warsaw National Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra & Witold Rowicki 1
1985 Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No. 2 / Prokofiev: Piano Concerto No. 5 Rachmaninoff, Prokofiev; Sviatoslav Richter, Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Stanisław Wisłocki, Witold Rowicki 1
1994 Symphony no. 3 Henryk Mikołaj Górecki; Joanna Kozłowska, Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Kazimierz Kord 5 4
2000 Symphonies 1 & 4 Ludwig van Beethoven; Warsaw Philharmonic, Kazimierz Kord 1
2001 Missa Pro Pace Wojciech Kilar; The Warsaw Philharmonic - National Orchestra & Choir of Poland, Kazimierz Kord 1
2004 St. Luke Passion Penderecki; Warsaw National Philharmonic Orchestra & Choir, Antoni Wit 1
2008 Symphonic Poems, Volume 1 Mieczysław Karłowicz; Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Antoni Wit 1
2008 Works for Cellos and Orchestra: Concerto Grosso no. 1 / Largo / Cello Sonata Penderecki; Ivan Monighetti, Arto Noras, Rafał Kwiatkowski, Warsaw National Philharmonic Orchestra, Antoni Wit 1
2009 Utrenja Penderecki; Warsaw Boys' Choir, Warsaw Philharmonic Choir and Orchestra, Antoni Wit 1
2009 Piano Concerto no. 2 / 6 Préludes Sergei Rachmaninoff; Warsaw National Philharmonic Orchestra, Stanisław Wisłocki, Sviatoslav Richter 1
2010 Chopin: Piano Concerto No. 1 - Fantasia on Polish Airs - Krakowiak Chopin; Eldar Nebolsin, Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Antoni Wit 3
2010 Chopin: Piano Concerto no. 2 - Variations on "Là ci darem la mano" - Andante spianato and Grande Polonaise brillante Chopin; Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Antoni Wit, Eldar Nebolsin 3
2010 Credo Krzysztof Penderecki; Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Warsaw Philharmonic Choir, Warsaw Boys' Choir, Antoni Wit 1
2011 Symphony No. 8, 'Symphony of a Thousand' Gustav Mahler; Antoni Wit, Orkiestra Symfoniczna Filharmonii Narodowej 1
2011 Glagotic Mass / Sinfonietta Janáček; Christiane Libor, Ewa Marciniec, Timothy Bentch, Wojciech Gierlach, Jarosław Malanowicz, Warsaw Philharmonic Choir, Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Antoni Wit 1
2012 Taras Bulba / Lachian Dances / Moravian Dances Janáček; Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Antoni Wit 1
2012 Concerto-Cantata / Little Requiem for a Certain Polka / Three Dances / Harpsichord Concerto Henryk Górecki; Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Antoni Wit, Anna Gorécka, Carol Wincenc 1
George Crumb 70th Birthday Album Orkiestra Symfoniczna Filharmonii Narodowej 1
Symphony no. 4 Johannes Brahms; Warsaw Philharmonic, Bernhard Stopler 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2008 The Complete Works Chopin; Garrick Ohlsson, Ewa Podleś, Leila Josefowicz, Carter Brey, Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Kazimierz Kord 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1999 Celebration Canadian Brass, The Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1990 Karol Szymanowski Volume 2 Orkiestra Symfoniczna Filharmonii Narodowej, Narodowa Orkiestra Symfoniczna Polskiego Radia w Katowicach 1
2013 Piano Concerto "Resurrection" / Flute Concerto Krzysztof Penderecki; Barry Douglas, Łukasz Długosz, Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Antoni Wit 1


Year Title Artist RatingReleases
The Magic of Brahms Johannes Brahms; Warshaw Philharmonic, Bernhard Stopler 2

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