Pavel Josef Vejvanovský (born Hukvaldy, ca. 1633/1639; died Kroměříž, 1693 - buried 24 September) Czech composer and trumpeter.

Vejvanovksy was born in Moravia (Hukvaldy or Hlucin) in either 1633 or 1639. He received an education at the Jesuit university in Opava, where he also began composing. Moravia had been devastated during the Thirty Years War and much of it was in desperate need of rebuilding. The Habsburg authorities appointed the influential and ambitious Karl Leichtenstein-Castelcorno as Prince-Bishop of Olomouc who set about to rebuild much of the region. This included building himself a grand palace in Italian Renaissance style with elaborate gardens in the nearby town of Kromeriz and employing a large group of musicians drawn from throughout Europe to play at his court and churches. In the 1650s the job of running and directing this prestigious ensemble fell to Vejvanovsky, who was regularly singled out for praise by the Bishop.

As a composer his output is uneven, but in his later works he was able to master most typical idioms of the day. He seems to have struggled with imitative counterpoint and his most compelling pieces are characterised by charming folk idioms and virtuosic brass writing. He composed in a wide variety of genres ranging from large-scale Mass settings and music for special feast days to more intimate sonatas and suites. In addition to his musical responsibilities, he also maintained the Bishop's music library and was the primary copyist of the collection, with his hand appearing in hundreds of manuscripts. His own compositions circulated throughout central Europe, appearing in other Czech collections as well as in Germany and Austria. He seems to have made at least one visit to Austria with the purpose of copying and collecting music and it is largely thanks to Vejvanovsky that so much central-European music from the time is preserved in what is widely regarded as one of the most important collections of late seventeenth century music on the Continent.

Vejvanovsky must have been one of the greatest trumpet virtuosos of the age and his numerous compositions attest to his virtuosity. One of his more remarkable talents was the ability to play certain chromatic passages on the trumpet, which is not normally possible on the largely diatonic natural trumpet. Under Vejvanovsky's direction the Bishops ensemble saw its heyday. Other musicians at court included Philipp Jakob Rittler, Heinrich Biber, and Gottfried Finger, the latter two employing certain characteristics of Vejvanovsky's trumpet writing in their own compositions.

He was a contemporary and associate of Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber.

Some notable works by Pavel Josef Vejvanovský:

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1995 Biber - Finger - Neruda - Vejvanovsky Richard Steuart 1
1998 Tromba Triumphans: Kammermusik und Barocktrompete Paul Plunkett, Bell’arte Salzburg 1
1998 Vánoční hudba pro žestě / Christmas Brass Music (Pražští žesťoví sólisté / Prague Brass Soloists) Various Artists 1
2001 Musik der Hofkapelle zu Kremsier (Anima Mea feat. baroque trumpet: Ute Hartwich) Various Artists 1
2007 In nativitate Domini: Festliche Weihnachtsmusik Bell’arte Salzburg 1
2007 Ludwig Güttler in der Frauenkirche Dresden Ludwig Güttler, Friedrich Kircheis 1
Christmas Concertos Arcangelo Corelli, Giuseppe Torelli; Academy of Ancient Music, Christopher Hogwood 1
Music for Trumpet and Organ (feat. Trumpet: Kamil Rosko, Organ: Vladimir Ruso) Various Artists 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1970 Die Trompete meisterhaft gespielt, Helmut Schneidewind Helhut Schneidewind 1
1991 Intermezzo: Audiophile Klänge für Klassische Liebhaber Various Artists 1
Sound the Trumpet! (The Academy of St. Martin-in-the-Fields feat. conductor: Sir Neville Marriner, trumpets: Don Smithers & Michael Laird) Various Artists 1


Year Title Artist RatingReleases
Classical Music: Volume 3 Various Artists 1

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